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中国曾经辉煌的司马氏哪去了,现如今的人物中咋就听不

来源:互联网  宽屏版  评论
2009-11-08 12:08:45

本文为【中国曾经辉煌的司马氏哪去了,现如今的人物中咋就听不】的汉字拼音对照版显示拼音

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原文
 
姓氏渊源第一个渊源:源于官职,出自西周掌管军事大权的大臣程伯休父,属于以官职称谓为氏。 上古时有人重黎,为司掌天地之官,唐尧曾抚育重黎之后。周宣王时期,有重黎之后程伯休父,官至司马,执掌国家军队,佐政辅国,权势重大。后来程伯休父克平了许方,立下大功,周宣王允许他以官职为姓,其后遂成司马氏。 第二个渊源:源于生姓,出自晋朝晋元帝司马睿,属于因故改姓为氏,或以官职称谓改姓为氏。 该支司马氏出自晋元帝司马睿,原本姓牛,后因职而改姓司马,其后代亦成为司马氏,世代相传至今。[这是传说] 第三个渊源:源于改姓,出自姬姓许氏、郝氏改姓,属于因故改姓为氏。 许穆之、郝惔之,他们的后代中有人因故改为司马氏。 得姓始祖:程伯休父。 据史籍《通志·氏族略》上记载,追源溯流,司马氏的得姓始祖是周宣王执政时期官拜司马(管辖军政和征战的官职)的程伯休父,因他屡次征战有功,而被赐姓为司马,其后世子孙即“以官为氏”而姓了司马。程伯休父是殷、周朝时期一个诸侯,是上古颛顼帝之后祝融氏重黎的子孙所传。程伯休父的子孙,一部分“以官为氏”而姓了司马;一部分依照惯例“以国为氏”而姓了程。因此司马氏系出程氏,和程氏一族是一家人。司马氏的得姓,大约在两千七百余年前。司马氏后人