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跟日期有关的两条经典SQL语句

2006-12-17 07:41:10 编辑來源:互联网 国际版 评论
 
 
  跟日期有关的两条经典SQL语句

  

  跟日期有关的两条经典SQL语句 1.用一条语句得出某日期所在月份的最大天数?SELECT DAY(DATEADD(dd, -DAY('2004-02-13'), DATEADD(mm, 1, '2004-02-13'))) AS 'Day Number'

  2.少记录变成多条记录问题

  有表tbl

  日期 收入 支出

  2004-02-11 00:00:00 60 45

  2004-03-01 00:00:00 60 45

  2004-03-02 00:00:00 40 50

  2004-03-05 00:00:00 50 40

  /*

  测试数据:

  Create Table tbl([日期] smalldatetime,[收入] int ,[支出] int) Insert Into tbl

  SELECT '2004-02-11', 60, 45

  union SELECT '2004-03-01',60, 45

  union SELECT '2004-03-02',40, 50

  union SELECT '2004-03-05',50, 40

  */

  要得到的结果:

  日期 收入 支出 余额

  2004-02-01 00:00:00 NULL NULL NULL

  2004-02-02 00:00:00 NULL NULL NULL

  2004-02-03 00:00:00 NULL NULL NULL

  2004-02-04 00:00:00 NULL NULL NULL

  2004-02-05 00:00:00 NULL NULL NULL

  2004-02-06 00:00:00 NULL NULL NULL

  2004-02-07 00:00:00 NULL NULL NULL

  2004-02-08 00:00:00 NULL NULL NULL

  2004-02-09 00:00:00 NULL NULL NULL

  2004-02-10 00:00:00 NULL NULL NULL

  2004-02-11 00:00:00 60 45 15

  2004-02-12 00:00:00 NULL NULL 15

  2004-02-13 00:00:00 NULL NULL 15

  2004-02-14 00:00:00 NULL NULL 15

  2004-02-15 00:00:00 NULL NULL 15

  2004-02-16 00:00:00 NULL NULL 15

  2004-02-17 00:00:00 NULL NULL 15

  2004-02-18 00:00:00 NULL NULL 15

  2004-02-19 00:00:00 NULL NULL 15

  2004-02-20 00:00:00 NULL NULL 15

  2004-02-21 00:00:00 NULL NULL 15

  2004-02-22 00:00:00 NULL NULL 15

  2004-02-23 00:00:00 NULL NULL 15

  2004-02-24 00:00:00 NULL NULL 15

  2004-02-25 00:00:00 NULL NULL 15

  2004-02-26 00:00:00 NULL NULL 15

  2004-02-27 00:00:00 NULL NULL 15

  2004-02-28 00:00:00 NULL NULL 15

  2004-02-29 00:00:00 NULL NULL 15

  2004-03-01 00:00:00 60 45 30

  2004-03-02 00:00:00 40 50 20

  2004-03-03 00:00:00 NULL NULL 20

  2004-03-04 00:00:00 NULL NULL 20

  2004-03-05 00:00:00 50 40 30

  2004-03-06 00:00:00 NULL NULL 30

  2004-03-07 00:00:00 NULL NULL 30

  2004-03-08 00:00:00 NULL NULL 30

  2004-03-09 00:00:00 NULL NULL 30

  2004-03-10 00:00:00 NULL NULL 30

  2004-03-11 00:00:00 NULL NULL 30

  2004-03-12 00:00:00 NULL NULL 30

  2004-03-13 00:00:00 NULL NULL 30

  2004-03-14 00:00:00 NULL NULL 30

  2004-03-15 00:00:00 NULL NULL 30

  2004-03-16 00:00:00 NULL NULL 30

  2004-03-17 00:00:00 NULL NULL 30

  2004-03-18 00:00:00 NULL NULL 30

  2004-03-19 00:00:00 NULL NULL 30

  2004-03-20 00:00:00 NULL NULL 30

  2004-03-21 00:00:00 NULL NULL 30

  2004-03-22 00:00:00 NULL NULL 30

  2004-03-23 00:00:00 NULL NULL 30

  2004-03-24 00:00:00 NULL NULL 30

  2004-03-25 00:00:00 NULL NULL 30

  2004-03-26 00:00:00 NULL NULL 30

  2004-03-27 00:00:00 NULL NULL 30

  2004-03-28 00:00:00 NULL NULL 30

  2004-03-29 00:00:00 NULL NULL 30

  2004-03-30 00:00:00 NULL NULL 30

  2004-03-31 00:00:00 NULL NULL 30

  答案:

  SELECT Y.[日期], tbl.[收入], tbl.[支出], (

  SELECT SUM(ISNULL(tbl.[收入], 0)-ISNULL(tbl.[支出], 0)) FROM tbl WHERE [日期]<=Y.[日期]) AS [余额]

  FROM tbl RIGHT JOIN (

  SELECT DATEADD(dd, N.i, DATEADD(dd, 1-DAY(m.MinDay), m.MinDay)) AS [日期]

  FROM (

  SELECT 0 AS i

  UNION ALL SELECT 1

  UNION ALL SELECT 2

  UNION ALL SELECT 3

  UNION ALL SELECT 4

  UNION ALL SELECT 5

  UNION ALL SELECT 6

  UNION ALL SELECT 7

  UNION ALL SELECT 8

  UNION ALL SELECT 9

  UNION ALL SELECT 10

  UNION ALL SELECT 11

  UNION ALL SELECT 12

  UNION ALL SELECT 13

  UNION ALL SELECT 14

  UNION ALL SELECT 15

  UNION ALL SELECT 16

  UNION ALL SELECT 17

  UNION ALL SELECT 18

  UNION ALL SELECT 19

  UNION ALL SELECT 20

  UNION ALL SELECT 21

  UNION ALL SELECT 22

  UNION ALL SELECT 23

  UNION ALL SELECT 24

  UNION ALL SELECT 25

  UNION ALL SELECT 26

  UNION ALL SELECT 27

  UNION ALL SELECT 28

  UNION ALL SELECT 29

  UNION ALL SELECT 30

  UNION ALL SELECT 31

  ) N,

  (

  SELECT MIN(日期) AS MinDay

  FROM tbl

  GROUP BY DATEDIFF(month, 0, 日期)

  ) M

  WHERE DATEDIFF(mm, DATEADD(dd, N.i, DATEADD(dd, 1-DAY(m.MinDay), m.MinDay)), M.MinDay)=0) AS Y

  ON tbl.[日期]=Y.日期
 
 
跟日期有关的两条经典SQL语句 跟日期有关的两条经典SQL语句 1.用一条语句得出某日期所在月份的最大天数?  SELECT DAY(DATEADD(dd, -DAY('2004-02-13'), DATEADD(mm, 1, '2004-02-13'))) AS 'Day Number'   2.少记录变成多条记录问题   有表tbl   日期 收入 支出   2004-02-11 00:00:00 60 45   2004-03-01 00:00:00 60 45   2004-03-02 00:00:00 40 50   2004-03-05 00:00:00 50 40   /*   测试数据:   Create Table tbl([日期] smalldatetime,[收入] int ,[支出] int)   Insert Into tbl   SELECT '2004-02-11', 60, 45   union SELECT '2004-03-01',60, 45   union SELECT '2004-03-02',40, 50   union SELECT '2004-03-05',50, 40   */   要得到的结果:   日期 收入 支出 余额   2004-02-01 00:00:00 NULL NULL NULL   2004-02-02 00:00:00 NULL NULL NULL   2004-02-03 00:00:00 NULL NULL NULL   2004-02-04 00:00:00 NULL NULL NULL   2004-02-05 00:00:00 NULL NULL NULL   2004-02-06 00:00:00 NULL NULL NULL   2004-02-07 00:00:00 NULL NULL NULL   2004-02-08 00:00:00 NULL NULL NULL   2004-02-09 00:00:00 NULL NULL NULL   2004-02-10 00:00:00 NULL NULL NULL   2004-02-11 00:00:00 60 45 15   2004-02-12 00:00:00 NULL NULL 15   2004-02-13 00:00:00 NULL NULL 15   2004-02-14 00:00:00 NULL NULL 15   2004-02-15 00:00:00 NULL NULL 15   2004-02-16 00:00:00 NULL NULL 15   2004-02-17 00:00:00 NULL NULL 15   2004-02-18 00:00:00 NULL NULL 15   2004-02-19 00:00:00 NULL NULL 15   2004-02-20 00:00:00 NULL NULL 15   2004-02-21 00:00:00 NULL NULL 15 2004-02-22 00:00:00 NULL NULL 15   2004-02-23 00:00:00 NULL NULL 15   2004-02-24 00:00:00 NULL NULL 15   2004-02-25 00:00:00 NULL NULL 15   2004-02-26 00:00:00 NULL NULL 15   2004-02-27 00:00:00 NULL NULL 15   2004-02-28 00:00:00 NULL NULL 15   2004-02-29 00:00:00 NULL NULL 15   2004-03-01 00:00:00 60 45 30   2004-03-02 00:00:00 40 50 20   2004-03-03 00:00:00 NULL NULL 20   2004-03-04 00:00:00 NULL NULL 20   2004-03-05 00:00:00 50 40 30   2004-03-06 00:00:00 NULL NULL 30   2004-03-07 00:00:00 NULL NULL 30   2004-03-08 00:00:00 NULL NULL 30   2004-03-09 00:00:00 NULL NULL 30   2004-03-10 00:00:00 NULL NULL 30   2004-03-11 00:00:00 NULL NULL 30   2004-03-12 00:00:00 NULL NULL 30   2004-03-13 00:00:00 NULL NULL 30   2004-03-14 00:00:00 NULL NULL 30   2004-03-15 00:00:00 NULL NULL 30   2004-03-16 00:00:00 NULL NULL 30   2004-03-17 00:00:00 NULL NULL 30   2004-03-18 00:00:00 NULL NULL 30   2004-03-19 00:00:00 NULL NULL 30   2004-03-20 00:00:00 NULL NULL 30   2004-03-21 00:00:00 NULL NULL 30   2004-03-22 00:00:00 NULL NULL 30   2004-03-23 00:00:00 NULL NULL 30   2004-03-24 00:00:00 NULL NULL 30   2004-03-25 00:00:00 NULL NULL 30   2004-03-26 00:00:00 NULL NULL 30   2004-03-27 00:00:00 NULL NULL 30   2004-03-28 00:00:00 NULL NULL 30   2004-03-29 00:00:00 NULL NULL 30   2004-03-30 00:00:00 NULL NULL 30   2004-03-31 00:00:00 NULL NULL 30   答案:   SELECT Y.[日期], tbl.[收入], tbl.[支出], (   SELECT SUM(ISNULL(tbl.[收入], 0)-ISNULL(tbl.[支出], 0)) FROM tbl WHERE [日期]<=Y.[日期]) AS [余额]   FROM tbl RIGHT JOIN (   SELECT DATEADD(dd, N.i, DATEADD(dd, 1-DAY(m.MinDay), m.MinDay)) AS [日期]   FROM (   SELECT 0 AS i   UNION ALL SELECT 1   UNION ALL SELECT 2   UNION ALL SELECT 3   UNION ALL SELECT 4   UNION ALL SELECT 5   UNION ALL SELECT 6   UNION ALL SELECT 7   UNION ALL SELECT 8   UNION ALL SELECT 9   UNION ALL SELECT 10   UNION ALL SELECT 11   UNION ALL SELECT 12   UNION ALL SELECT 13   UNION ALL SELECT 14   UNION ALL SELECT 15   UNION ALL SELECT 16   UNION ALL SELECT 17   UNION ALL SELECT 18   UNION ALL SELECT 19   UNION ALL SELECT 20   UNION ALL SELECT 21   UNION ALL SELECT 22   UNION ALL SELECT 23   UNION ALL SELECT 24   UNION ALL SELECT 25   UNION ALL SELECT 26   UNION ALL SELECT 27   UNION ALL SELECT 28   UNION ALL SELECT 29   UNION ALL SELECT 30   UNION ALL SELECT 31   ) N,   (   SELECT MIN(日期) AS MinDay   FROM tbl   GROUP BY DATEDIFF(month, 0, 日期)   ) M   WHERE DATEDIFF(mm, DATEADD(dd, N.i, DATEADD(dd, 1-DAY(m.MinDay), m.MinDay)), M.MinDay)=0) AS Y   ON tbl.[日期]=Y.日期
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