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lighttpd+PHP(FAST-CGI)+MySQL的学习笔记

2008-07-10 05:54:12  编辑来源:互联网  宽屏版  评论

早就听说lighttpd加PHP的FAST-CGI方式性能不错,抽时间装了下.只是完成了环境的安装,还没具体看性能什么的!

以下是我装lighttpd+PHP(FAST-CGI)+mysql的,如有问题,请给我评论.

一、先安装MySQL

安装mysql,你可以安装源码包,也可以用编译好的!直接解压拷贝也行.我用的是直接拷贝编译好的!

1.编译源码包

./configure --prefix=/data2/ali --enable-assembler --enable-thread-safe-client --without-debug

make

make install

2.用编译好的压缩包!直接解压拷贝

tar zxf mysql-standard-5.0.27-linux-i686-glibc23.tar.gz

cd mysql-standard-5.0.27-linux-i686-glibc23

cp -rf mysql-standard-5.0.27-linux-i686-glibc23 /usr/local/mysql

//以下是为了启动多个端口

mkdir -p /data2/ali/mysql3308

mkdir -p /data2/ali/mysql3309

./scripts/mysql_install_db --ldata=/data2/ali/mysql3308

cp support-files/my-medium.cnf /data2/ali/mysql3308/my.cnf

vi /data2/ali/mysql3308/my.cnf

修改内容如下:

#

[mysqld]

datadir = /data2/ali/mysql3308/

port = 3308

socket = /tmp/mysql-3308.sock

#

cp /data2/ali/mysql3308/ /data2/ali/mysql3309/

vi /data2/ali/mysql3309/my.cnf

修改内容如下:

#

[mysqld]

datadir = /data2/ali/mysql3309/

port = 3309

socket = /tmp/mysql-3309.sock

#

启动mysql

/usr/local/mysql/bin/mysqld_safe --defaults-file=/data2/ali/mysql3308/my.cnf --user=root &

/usr/local/mysql/bin/mysqld_safe --defaults-file=/data2/ali/mysql3309/my.cnf --user=root &

检查mysql是否启动成功。

ps -ax|grep mysql

20835 pts/3 S 0:00 /bin/sh ./mysqld_safe --defaults-file=/data2/ali/mysql3308/my.cnf --user=root

20862 pts/3 Sl 0:00 /usr/local/mysql/bin/mysqld --defaults-file=/data2/ali/mysql3308/my.cnf --basedir=/usr/local/mysql --datadir=/data2/ali/mysql3308/ --user=root --pid-file=/data2/ali/mysql3308//XD_Blog_Web_132_42.pid --skip-external-locking --port=3308 --socket=/tmp/mysql-3308.sock

20872 pts/3 S 0:00 /bin/sh ./mysqld_safe --defaults-file=/data2/ali/mysql3309/my.cnf --user=root

20903 pts/3 Sl 0:00 /usr/local/mysql/bin/mysqld --defaults-file=/data2/ali/mysql3309/my.cnf --basedir=/usr/local/mysql --datadir=/data2/ali/mysql3309/ --user=root --pid-file=/data2/ali/mysql3309//XD_Blog_Web_132_42.pid --skip-external-locking --port=3309 --socket=/tmp/mysql-3309.sock

连接mysql

mysql -S /tmp/mysql-3108.sock

二、接着安装php

tar zxf php-5.2.4.tar.gz

cd php-5.2.4

./configure \

--prefix=/usr/local/php-fcgi \

--enable-fastcgi \

--enable-force-cgi-redirect \

--without-iconv \

--enable-mbstring \

--with-mysql=/usr/local/mysql

make

make install

复制参数文件到目标目录:

cp php.ini-dist /usr/local/php-fcgi/lib/php.ini

检查fast-cgi是否安装成功可以运行如下命令

/usr/local/php-fcgi/bin/php-cgi -v

显示如下信息,内容里包含“PHP 5.2.4 (cgi-fcgi)"表示支持fast-cgi了

PHP 5.2.4 (cgi-fcgi) (built: Oct 28 2007 20:08:41)

Copyright (c) 1997-2007 The PHP Group

Zend Engine v2.2.0, Copyright (c) 1998-2007 Zend Technologies

三、最后安装lighttpd

1.安装配置lighttpd

1.1 首先创建运行lighttpd的用户和组

# groupadd lighttpd

# useradd -g lighttpd -s /sbin/nologin -d /dev/null lighttpd

1.2 开始安装lighttpd

# wget http://www.lighttpd.net/download/lighttpd-1.4.8.tar.gz

# tar -zxvf lighttpd-1.4.8.tar.gz

# cd lighttpd-1.4.8

# ./configure --prefix=/usr/local/lighttpd

# make

# make install

# mkdir /usr/local/lighttpd/conf

# mkdir /usr/local/lighttpd/log

# mv ./doc/lighttpd.conf /usr/local/lighttpd/conf/

# cp ./doc/rc.lighttpd.redhat /etc/init.d/lighttpd

vi conf/lighttpd.conf

将 #”mod_fastcgi”, 的#去掉

server.modules = (

"mod_rewrite",

"mod_redirect",

# "mod_alias",

"mod_access",

# "mod_cml",

# "mod_trigger_b4_dl",

# "mod_auth",

# "mod_status",

# "mod_setenv",

"mod_fastcgi",

找到fastcgi的定义

#### fastcgi module

## read fastcgi.txt for more info

## for PHP don't forget to set cgi.fix_pathinfo = 1 in the php.ini

fastcgi.server = ( ".php" =>

( "localhost" =>

(

"socket" => "/var/run/lighttpd/php-fastcgi.socket",

"bin-path" => "/usr/local/php-fcgi/bin/php-cgi"

)

)

)

一开始我把配置写"bin-path" => "/usr/local/php-fcgi/bin/php"这样,发现报错,后来改了下以上的配置,发现OK了!

启动lighttpd命令是这样的:

/usr/local/lighttpd/sbin/lighttpd -f conf/lighttpd.conf

最后可以在程序目录下建个test.php,检查一下是否正常!

早就听说lighttpd加PHP的FAST-CGI方式性能不错,抽时间装了下.只是完成了环境的安装,还没具体看性能什么的! 以下是我装lighttpd+PHP(FAST-CGI)+mysql的,如有问题,请给我评论. 一、先安装MySQL 安装mysql,你可以安装源码包,也可以用编译好的!直接解压拷贝也行.我用的是直接拷贝编译好的! 1.编译源码包 ./configure --prefix=/data2/ali --enable-assembler --enable-thread-safe-client --without-debug make make install 2.用编译好的压缩包!直接解压拷贝 tar zxf mysql-standard-5.0.27-linux-i686-glibc23.tar.gz cd mysql-standard-5.0.27-linux-i686-glibc23 cp -rf mysql-standard-5.0.27-linux-i686-glibc23 /usr/local/mysql //以下是为了启动多个端口 mkdir -p /data2/ali/mysql3308 mkdir -p /data2/ali/mysql3309 ./scripts/mysql_install_db --ldata=/data2/ali/mysql3308 cp support-files/my-medium.cnf /data2/ali/mysql3308/my.cnf vi /data2/ali/mysql3308/my.cnf 修改内容如下: # [mysqld] datadir = /data2/ali/mysql3308/ port = 3308 socket = /tmp/mysql-3308.sock # cp /data2/ali/mysql3308/ /data2/ali/mysql3309/ vi /data2/ali/mysql3309/my.cnf 修改内容如下: # [mysqld] datadir = /data2/ali/mysql3309/ port = 3309 socket = /tmp/mysql-3309.sock # 启动mysql /usr/local/mysql/bin/mysqld_safe --defaults-file=/data2/ali/mysql3308/my.cnf --user=root & /usr/local/mysql/bin/mysqld_safe --defaults-file=/data2/ali/mysql3309/my.cnf --user=root & 检查mysql是否启动成功。 ps -ax|grep mysql 20835 pts/3 S 0:00 /bin/sh ./mysqld_safe --defaults-file=/data2/ali/mysql3308/my.cnf --user=root 20862 pts/3 Sl 0:00 /usr/local/mysql/bin/mysqld --defaults-file=/data2/ali/mysql3308/my.cnf --basedir=/usr/local/mysql --datadir=/data2/ali/mysql3308/ --user=root --pid-file=/data2/ali/mysql3308//XD_Blog_Web_132_42.pid --skip-external-locking --port=3308 --socket=/tmp/mysql-3308.sock 20872 pts/3 S 0:00 /bin/sh ./mysqld_safe --defaults-file=/data2/ali/mysql3309/my.cnf --user=root 20903 pts/3 Sl 0:00 /usr/local/mysql/bin/mysqld --defaults-file=/data2/ali/mysql3309/my.cnf --basedir=/usr/local/mysql --datadir=/data2/ali/mysql3309/ --user=root --pid-file=/data2/ali/mysql3309//XD_Blog_Web_132_42.pid --skip-external-locking --port=3309 --socket=/tmp/mysql-3309.sock 连接mysql mysql -S /tmp/mysql-3108.sock 二、接着安装php tar zxf php-5.2.4.tar.gz cd php-5.2.4 ./configure \ --prefix=/usr/local/php-fcgi \ --enable-fastcgi \ --enable-force-cgi-redirect \ --without-iconv \ --enable-mbstring \ --with-mysql=/usr/local/mysql make make install 复制参数文件到目标目录: cp php.ini-dist /usr/local/php-fcgi/lib/php.ini 检查fast-cgi是否安装成功可以运行如下命令 /usr/local/php-fcgi/bin/php-cgi -v 显示如下信息,内容里包含“PHP 5.2.4 (cgi-fcgi)"表示支持fast-cgi了 PHP 5.2.4 (cgi-fcgi) (built: Oct 28 2007 20:08:41) Copyright (c) 1997-2007 The PHP Group Zend Engine v2.2.0, Copyright (c) 1998-2007 Zend Technologies 三、最后安装lighttpd 1.安装配置lighttpd 1.1 首先创建运行lighttpd的用户和组 # groupadd lighttpd # useradd -g lighttpd -s /sbin/nologin -d /dev/null lighttpd 1.2 开始安装lighttpd # wget http://www.lighttpd.net/download/lighttpd-1.4.8.tar.gz # tar -zxvf lighttpd-1.4.8.tar.gz # cd lighttpd-1.4.8 # ./configure --prefix=/usr/local/lighttpd # make # make install # mkdir /usr/local/lighttpd/conf # mkdir /usr/local/lighttpd/log # mv ./doc/lighttpd.conf /usr/local/lighttpd/conf/ # cp ./doc/rc.lighttpd.redhat /etc/init.d/lighttpd vi conf/lighttpd.conf 将 #”mod_fastcgi”, 的#去掉 server.modules = ( "mod_rewrite", "mod_redirect", # "mod_alias", "mod_access", # "mod_cml", # "mod_trigger_b4_dl", # "mod_auth", # "mod_status", # "mod_setenv", "mod_fastcgi", 找到fastcgi的定义 #### fastcgi module ## read fastcgi.txt for more info ## for PHP don't forget to set cgi.fix_pathinfo = 1 in the php.ini fastcgi.server = ( ".php" => ( "localhost" => ( "socket" => "/var/run/lighttpd/php-fastcgi.socket", "bin-path" => "/usr/local/php-fcgi/bin/php-cgi" ) ) ) 一开始我把配置写"bin-path" => "/usr/local/php-fcgi/bin/php"这样,发现报错,后来改了下以上的配置,发现OK了! 启动lighttpd命令是这样的: /usr/local/lighttpd/sbin/lighttpd -f conf/lighttpd.conf 最后可以在程序目录下建个test.php,检查一下是否正常!
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