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轻松解决IBM DB2数据库定位锁等待问题

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2008-07-09 05:37:15

在应用中,我们经常会碰到sql执行很慢,但是数据库cpu和内存使用率又不高的情况,类似的问题基本上由于锁,排序等原因造成,本文主要描述如何去定位锁等待问题,谁在锁等待?等待谁持有的锁?锁在那个表?

一、测试准备

1、先在session1执行如下操作,创建测试表

#db2 connect to eos

#export DB2OPTIONS=+C

#db2 "create table tacy_test (a int not null primary key,b varchar(10))"

#db2 "insert into tacy_test values(1,'a')"

#db2 "insert into tacy_test values(2,'a')"

#db2 "insert into tacy_test values(3,'a')"

#db2 "insert into tacy_test values(4,'a')"

#db2 commit

2、在session2执行如下操作

#db2 connect to eos

#export DB2OPTIONS=+C

二、产生一个lock wait

在session1做一个表更新:

#db2 "update tacy_test set b='b' where a=4"

sql执行成功

在session2做同样更新操作:

#db2 "update tacy_test set b='c' where a=4"

进程被挂起等待

三、定位锁等待

1、先来看看应用的情况:

#db2pd -db eos -applications

Database Partition 0 -- Database EOS -- Active -- Up 0 days 07:37:37

Applications:

Address AppHandl [nod-index] NumAgents CoorPid Status C-AnchID C-StmtUID L-AnchID L-StmtUID Appid

0x10140040 8 [000-00008] 1 8425 Lock-wait 80 2 66 1 *LOCAL.db2inst1.071124043739

0x100CE540 7 [000-00007] 1 8358 UOW-Waiting 0 0 80 2 *LOCAL.db2inst1.071124043708

可以看到有一个应用的状态处于Lock-wait

2、现在我们来看看应用在等什么

#db2pd -db eos -locks showlock wait

Database Partition 0 -- Database EOS -- Active -- Up 0 days 07:42:56

Locks:

Address TranHdl Lockname Type Mode Sts Owner Dur HldCnt Att Rlse

0x2C8E0760 3 02001806078066020000000052 Row ..X W 2 1 0 0 0x0 TbspaceID 2 TableID 1560 RecordID 0x2668007

锁的类型为Row(行锁),X锁(排他锁),下面是我们最关心的锁的位置

TbspaceID 2 TableID 1560 RecordID 0x2668007

其中TbspaceID为表空间ID,TableID为表的ID,RecordID代表具体位置,全部应该是0x0266807,其中前面三个字节为page number,为0x02668,后面一个字节代表solt identifier,为0x07

3、找到相应的表

#db2 "select tbspace,tabschema,tabname,tableid,tbspaceid from syscat.tables where tbspaceid=2 and tableid=1560"

TBSPACE TABSCHEMA TABNAME TABLEID TBSPACEID

------------ ----------- ---------- ------- ---------

USERSPACE1 DB2INST1 TACY_TEST 1560 2

1 record(s) selected.

4、根据RecordID找到锁在哪行

db2提供了一个强大的数据分析工具db2dart,可以dump出相应的page数据

#db2dart eos /dd /tsi 2 /oi 1560 /ps 157312p /np 1 /v y

Warning: The database state is not consistent.

Warning: Reorg rows MAY be due to the inconsistent state of the database.

DB2DART Processing completed with warning(s)!

Complete DB2DART report found in:

/home/db2inst1/sqllib/db2dump/DART0000/EOS.RPT

其中tsi为表空间id(2),oi为表id(1560),ps为page number(0x0266807),需要转换为十进制,在结尾必须加p,np代表你要获取的页数,v为是否详细输出

现在我们来看看EOS.RPT

______________________________________________________________________________

_______ DART _______

D a t a b a s e A n a l y s i s a n d R e p o r t i n g T o o l

IBM DB2 6000

______________________________________________________________________________

DART (V8.1.0) Report:

2007-11-24-20.59.51.355893

Database Name: EOS

Report name: EOS.RPT

Old report back-up: EOS.BAK

Database Subdirectory: /opt/db2/db2inst1/NODE0000/SQL00001

Operational Mode: Database Inspection Only (INSPECT)

______________________________________________________________________________

------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Action option: DD

Table-object-ID: 1560; Tablespace-ID: 2; First-page: 157312p; Number-pages: 1; Verbose: y

Warning: The database state is not consistent.

Warning: Reorg rows MAY be due to the inconsistent state of the database.

Connecting to Buffer Pool Services...

Table object report phase start.

Dump format is verbose.

______________________________________

Page 0 of object 1560 from table space 2.

BPS Page Header:

Page Data Offset = 48

Page Data Length = 4048

Page LSN = 0000 AE97 AE41

Object Page Number = 0

Pool Page Number = 157312

Object ID = 1560

Object Type = Data Object

Data Page Header:

Slot Count = 8

Total Free Space = 2784

Total Reserve Space = 0

Youngest Reserve Space = n/a

Youngest TID = n/a

Free Space Offset = 2799

Maximum Record Size = 23

Data Records:

Slot 0:

Offset Location = 3996 (xF9C)

Record Length = 32 (x20)

Record Type = Data Object Header Control Record

Page count = 1

Object Creation LSN = 0000 AE97 800C

Object State = x0000

UDI Since Runstats = 0

DART Field = x00000000

Slot1:

Offset Location = 2992 (xBB0)

Record Length = 1004 (x3EC)

Record Type = Free Space Control Record

Free space entries:

0: 2884 (x0B44), 4028 (x0FBC), 4028 (x0FBC), 4028 (x0FBC)

4: 4028 (x0FBC), 4028 (x0FBC), 4028 (x0FBC), 4028 (x0FBC)

8: 4028 (x0FBC), 4028 (x0FBC), 4028 (x0FBC), 4028 (x0FBC)

省略。。。

492: 4028 (x0FBC), 4028 (x0FBC), 4028 (x0FBC), 4028 (x0FBC)

496: 4028 (x0FBC), 4028 (x0FBC), 4028 (x0FBC), 4028 (x0FBC)

Slot 2:

Offset Location = 2916 (xB64)

Record Length = 76 (x4C)

Record Type = Table Directory Record

MetaIndex Root Page = 157377

Index Type = 2

Table Descriptor Pointer -- Page 157312 Slot 3

Max Insert Search = 0

Flags = x02000200

bit representation = 00000010 00000000 00000010 00000000

Check pending info:

Constraint status = x00

Constraint RID = Page 0 Slot 0

last BID = x00000000

Slot 3:

Offset Location = 2892 (xB4C)

Record Length = 24 (x18)

Record Type = Table Description Record

Number of Columns = 2

Column 1:

Type is Long Integer

Length = 4

Prohibits NULLs

Prohibits Default

Fixed offset: 0

Column 2:

Type is Fixed Length Character String

Length = 10

Allows NULLs

Prohibits Default

Fixed offset: 4

Slot 4:

Offset Location = 2869 (xB35)

Record Length = 23 (x17)

Record Type = Table Data Record (FIXEDVAR)

Fixed part length value = 15

Column 1:

Fixed offset: 0

Type is Long Integer

Value = 1

Column 2:

Fixed offset: 4

Type is Fixed Length Character String

61202020 20202020 2020 a

Slot5:

Offset Location = 2846 (xB1E)

Record Length = 23 (x17)

Record Type = Table Data Record (FIXEDVAR)

Fixed part length value = 15

Column 1:

Fixed offset: 0

Type is Long Integer

Value = 2

Column 2:

Fixed offset: 4

Type is Fixed Length Character String

61202020 20202020 2020 a

Slot 6:

Offset Location = 2823 (xB07)

Record Length = 23 (x17)

Record Type = Table Data Record (FIXEDVAR)

Fixed part length value = 15

Column 1:

Fixed offset: 0

Type is Long Integer

Value = 3

Column 2:

Fixed offset: 4

Type is Fixed Length Character String

61202020 20202020 2020 a

Slot 7:

Offset Location = 2800 (xAF0)

Record Length = 23 (x17)

Record Type = Table Data Record (FIXEDVAR)

Fixed part length value = 15

Column1:

Fixed offset: 0

Type is Long Integer

Value = 4

Column2:

Fixed offset: 4

Type is Fixed Length Character String

61202020 20202020 2020 a

Slots Summary: Total=8, In-use=8, Deleted=0.

Table object report phase end.

______________________________________

DB2DART Processing completed with warning(s)!

Warning(s) detected during processing.

______________________________________

Complete DB2DART report found in:

/home/db2inst1/sqllib/db2dump/DART0000/EOS.RPT

_______ D A R T P R O C E S S I N G C O M P L E T E _______

找到Solt 7 (0x07),ok,你现在可以清楚的知道应用等待的Row为(4,a)

总结

通过上面的方法,我们简单描述了一个db2锁问题的定位方法,希望能给大家在分析和定位应用性能问题的时候起到一定的帮助。

 
在应用中,我们经常会碰到sql执行很慢,但是数据库cpu和内存使用率又不高的情况,类似的问题基本上由于锁,排序等原因造成,本文主要描述如何去定位锁等待问题,谁在锁等待?等待谁持有的锁?锁在那个表? 一、测试准备 1、先在session1执行如下操作,创建测试表 #db2 connect to eos #export DB2OPTIONS=+C #db2 "create table tacy_test (a int not null primary key,b varchar(10))" #db2 "insert into tacy_test values(1,'a')" #db2 "insert into tacy_test values(2,'a')" #db2 "insert into tacy_test values(3,'a')" #db2 "insert into tacy_test values(4,'a')" #db2 commit 2、在session2执行如下操作 #db2 connect to eos #export DB2OPTIONS=+C 二、产生一个lock wait 在session1做一个表更新: #db2 "update tacy_test set b='b' where a=4" sql执行成功 在session2做同样更新操作: #db2 "update tacy_test set b='c' where a=4" 进程被挂起等待 三、定位锁等待 1、先来看看应用的情况: #db2pd -db eos -applications Database Partition 0 -- Database EOS -- Active -- Up 0 days 07:37:37 Applications: Address AppHandl [nod-index] NumAgents CoorPid Status C-AnchID C-StmtUID L-AnchID L-StmtUID Appid 0x10140040 8 [000-00008] 1 8425 Lock-wait 80 2 66 1 *LOCAL.db2inst1.071124043739 0x100CE540 7 [000-00007] 1 8358 UOW-Waiting 0 0 80 2 *LOCAL.db2inst1.071124043708 可以看到有一个应用的状态处于Lock-wait 2、现在我们来看看应用在等什么 #db2pd -db eos -locks showlock wait Database Partition 0 -- Database EOS -- Active -- Up 0 days 07:42:56 Locks: Address TranHdl Lockname Type Mode Sts Owner Dur HldCnt Att Rlse 0x2C8E0760 3 02001806078066020000000052 Row ..X W 2 1 0 0 0x0 TbspaceID 2 TableID 1560 RecordID 0x2668007 锁的类型为Row(行锁),X锁(排他锁),下面是我们最关心的锁的位置 TbspaceID 2 TableID 1560 RecordID 0x2668007 其中TbspaceID为表空间ID,TableID为表的ID,RecordID代表具体位置,全部应该是0x0266807,其中前面三个字节为page number,为0x02668,后面一个字节代表solt identifier,为0x07 3、找到相应的表 #db2 "select tbspace,tabschema,tabname,tableid,tbspaceid from syscat.tables where tbspaceid=2 and tableid=1560" TBSPACE TABSCHEMA TABNAME TABLEID TBSPACEID ------------ ----------- ---------- ------- --------- USERSPACE1 DB2INST1 TACY_TEST 1560 2 1 record(s) selected. 4、根据RecordID找到锁在哪行 db2提供了一个强大的数据分析工具db2dart,可以dump出相应的page数据 #db2dart eos /dd /tsi 2 /oi 1560 /ps 157312p /np 1 /v y Warning: The database state is not consistent. Warning: Reorg rows MAY be due to the inconsistent state of the database. DB2DART Processing completed with warning(s)! Complete DB2DART report found in: /home/db2inst1/sqllib/db2dump/DART0000/EOS.RPT 其中tsi为表空间id(2),oi为表id(1560),ps为page number(0x0266807),需要转换为十进制,在结尾必须加p,np代表你要获取的页数,v为是否详细输出 现在我们来看看EOS.RPT ______________________________________________________________________________ _______ DART _______ D a t a b a s e A n a l y s i s a n d R e p o r t i n g T o o l IBM DB2 6000 ______________________________________________________________________________ DART (V8.1.0) Report: 2007-11-24-20.59.51.355893 Database Name: EOS Report name: EOS.RPT Old report back-up: EOS.BAK Database Subdirectory: /opt/db2/db2inst1/NODE0000/SQL00001 Operational Mode: Database Inspection Only (INSPECT) ______________________________________________________________________________ ------------------------------------------------------------------------------ Action option: DD Table-object-ID: 1560; Tablespace-ID: 2; First-page: 157312p; Number-pages: 1; Verbose: y Warning: The database state is not consistent. Warning: Reorg rows MAY be due to the inconsistent state of the database. Connecting to Buffer Pool Services... Table object report phase start. Dump format is verbose. ______________________________________ Page 0 of object 1560 from table space 2. BPS Page Header: Page Data Offset = 48 Page Data Length = 4048 Page LSN = 0000 AE97 AE41 Object Page Number = 0 Pool Page Number = 157312 Object ID = 1560 Object Type = Data Object Data Page Header: Slot Count = 8 Total Free Space = 2784 Total Reserve Space = 0 Youngest Reserve Space = n/a Youngest TID = n/a Free Space Offset = 2799 Maximum Record Size = 23 Data Records: Slot 0: Offset Location = 3996 (xF9C) Record Length = 32 (x20) Record Type = Data Object Header Control Record Page count = 1 Object Creation LSN = 0000 AE97 800C Object State = x0000 UDI Since Runstats = 0 DART Field = x00000000 Slot1: Offset Location = 2992 (xBB0) Record Length = 1004 (x3EC) Record Type = Free Space Control Record Free space entries: 0: 2884 (x0B44), 4028 (x0FBC), 4028 (x0FBC), 4028 (x0FBC) 4: 4028 (x0FBC), 4028 (x0FBC), 4028 (x0FBC), 4028 (x0FBC) 8: 4028 (x0FBC), 4028 (x0FBC), 4028 (x0FBC), 4028 (x0FBC) 省略。。。 492: 4028 (x0FBC), 4028 (x0FBC), 4028 (x0FBC), 4028 (x0FBC) 496: 4028 (x0FBC), 4028 (x0FBC), 4028 (x0FBC), 4028 (x0FBC) Slot 2: Offset Location = 2916 (xB64) Record Length = 76 (x4C) Record Type = Table Directory Record MetaIndex Root Page = 157377 Index Type = 2 Table Descriptor Pointer -- Page 157312 Slot 3 Max Insert Search = 0 Flags = x02000200 bit representation = 00000010 00000000 00000010 00000000 Check pending info: Constraint status = x00 Constraint RID = Page 0 Slot 0 last BID = x00000000 Slot 3: Offset Location = 2892 (xB4C) Record Length = 24 (x18) Record Type = Table Description Record Number of Columns = 2 Column 1: Type is Long Integer Length = 4 Prohibits NULLs Prohibits Default Fixed offset: 0 Column 2: Type is Fixed Length Character String Length = 10 Allows NULLs Prohibits Default Fixed offset: 4 Slot 4: Offset Location = 2869 (xB35) Record Length = 23 (x17) Record Type = Table Data Record (FIXEDVAR) Fixed part length value = 15 Column 1: Fixed offset: 0 Type is Long Integer Value = 1 Column 2: Fixed offset: 4 Type is Fixed Length Character String 61202020 20202020 2020 a Slot5: Offset Location = 2846 (xB1E) Record Length = 23 (x17) Record Type = Table Data Record (FIXEDVAR) Fixed part length value = 15 Column 1: Fixed offset: 0 Type is Long Integer Value = 2 Column 2: Fixed offset: 4 Type is Fixed Length Character String 61202020 20202020 2020 a Slot 6: Offset Location = 2823 (xB07) Record Length = 23 (x17) Record Type = Table Data Record (FIXEDVAR) Fixed part length value = 15 Column 1: Fixed offset: 0 Type is Long Integer Value = 3 Column 2: Fixed offset: 4 Type is Fixed Length Character String 61202020 20202020 2020 a Slot 7: Offset Location = 2800 (xAF0) Record Length = 23 (x17) Record Type = Table Data Record (FIXEDVAR) Fixed part length value = 15 Column1: Fixed offset: 0 Type is Long Integer Value = 4 Column2: Fixed offset: 4 Type is Fixed Length Character String 61202020 20202020 2020 a Slots Summary: Total=8, In-use=8, Deleted=0. Table object report phase end. ______________________________________ DB2DART Processing completed with warning(s)! Warning(s) detected during processing. ______________________________________ Complete DB2DART report found in: /home/db2inst1/sqllib/db2dump/DART0000/EOS.RPT _______ D A R T P R O C E S S I N G C O M P L E T E _______ 找到Solt 7 (0x07),ok,你现在可以清楚的知道应用等待的Row为(4,a) 总结 通过上面的方法,我们简单描述了一个db2锁问题的定位方法,希望能给大家在分析和定位应用性能问题的时候起到一定的帮助。
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