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Windows下的函数hook技术

来源:互联网  宽屏版  评论
2008-06-01 01:58:36

都是很成熟的东西了,这几天看了看,总结一下而已。

讨论了Windows下hook函数的几种方法。提供了一个hook TextOutA的完整例子。通过CreateRemoteThread的方法把hook dll注入到一个普通的应用程序中。Hooking Imported Functions by name调用

imported functions'时的步骤/实现

在程序中调用从其它模块引入的函数的方法和普通的函数调用有所不同。对于普通的函数调用,直接使用

call address来调用即可,但是对于

imported functions

,在编译的时候

compiler/link

并不知道实际的函数实现会被加载到那个地址,函数实现在那个地址在运行的时候才会确定。对于

imported functions

,首先是

call

引入表中的一个函数,在运行时再初始化引入表,使用

jmp

跳转到真实的函数实现。

引入表:

The PE file

IMAGE_IMPORT_DESCRipTOR

strUCture, which holds all the information about functions imported from a specific DLL, has pointers to two arrays in the executable. These arrays are called import address tables (IATs), or sometimes thunk data arrays. The first pointer references the real IAT, which the PRogram loader fixes up when the executable is loaded. The second pointer references the original IAT, which is untouched by the loader and lists the imported functions.

实现原理

找到

PE

文件的

Image_Import_Descriptor

结构

找到

Original LAT

Real LAT.

通过要

hook

的函数的名字在

Original LAT

找到要

hook

imported function

在数组中的

index.

保存并修改

Real LAT

在相应

index

function address

(refer to John Robbins, BugsLayerUtil.dll)

Hooking Imported Functions by ordinal

原理和

Hook Imported functions by name

一样,只是是通过要

hook

的函数的

ordinal

original LAT

中找到

index.

Hooking a function in this dll

当一个

DLL

是通过

LoadLibrary

载入的时候,我们无法通过

hook imported function

的方法的

hook

它中的

function

。有两种可能的办法处理这种情况:

第一种方法,遍历进程空间,发现

call

指定函数的地方替换为

call hookFunction.

太麻烦,而且不安全。

第二种方法,改写要

hook

的函数

FuncA

。比较好的方法

实现

HookFuncA

,最后的实现垫入

n

nop.

找到要

hook

的函数

FuncA

的绝对地址,改写前

5

个字节为

jmp hookFuncA(

假定前

5

个字节为

n

个完整的指令

)

FuncA

的前

5

个字节拷贝到

hookFuncA

的后面,在加上一条指令

jmp funcA+5.

----Code of HookDLL.dll, 可以通过CreateRemoteThread的方法把hook dll注入到一个普通的应用程序中。

// HookDLL.cpp : Defines the entry point for the DLL application.

//

#include "stdafx.h"

#include "HookDLL.h"

#include "Log.h"

//forward declare.

LRESULT WINAPI InstallTextoutHook();

LRESULT WINAPI UninstallTextoutHook();

BOOL APIENTRY DllMain( HANDLE hModule,

DWord ul_reason_for_call,

LPVOID lpReserved

)

{

switch (ul_reason_for_call)

{

case DLL_PROCESS_ATTACH:

if (InstallTextoutHook())

{

WriteLog("Install hook success.\n");

}else

{

WriteLog("Intall hook failed.\n");

}

break;

case DLL_THREAD_ATTACH:

break;

case DLL_THREAD_DETACH:

break;

case DLL_PROCESS_DETACH:

if (UninstallTextoutHook())

{

WriteLog("Uninstall hook success.\n");

}else

{

WriteLog("Unintall hook failed.\n");

}

break;

}

return TRUE;

}

#define DWORD_PTR DWORD*

#define __LOCAL_SIZE 40h

#define NAKED_PROLOG() \

DWORD_PTR dwRet ; \

DWORD_PTR dwESI ; \

{ \

__asm PUSH EBP /* Set up the standard frame.*/\

__asm MOV EBP , ESP \

__asm SUB ESP , __LOCAL_SIZE /* Save room for the local */\

/* variables. */\

__asm MOV EAX , EBP /* EBP has the stack coming */\

/* into the fn. in it. */\

__asm ADD EAX , 4 /* Account for PUSH EBP */\

__asm MOV EAX , [EAX] /* Get return address. */\

__asm MOV [dwRet] , EAX /* Save return address. */\

__asm MOV [dwESI] , ESI /* Save ESI so chkesp in dbg */\

/* builds works. */\

}// The common epilog part that can be shared between the stdcall and

// cdecl hook functions.

#define EPILOG_COMMON() \

{ \

__asm MOV ESI , [dwESI] /* Restore ESI. */\

__asm ADD ESP , __LOCAL_SIZE /* Take away local var space */\

__asm MOV ESP, EBP /* Restore standard frame. */\

__asm POP EBP \

}

#define COPY_CODE_LENGTH 5

BYTE g_abOriCode[COPY_CODE_LENGTH];

BYTE g_abJmpCode[COPY_CODE_LENGTH];

PROC g_oriTextout;

BOOL g_blHooked = FALSE;

LRESULT WINAPI InstallTextoutHook()

{

if (g_blHooked)

return TRUE;

//Get TextOutA's address.

HMODULE hGdi32 = ::LoadLibrary(_T("Gdi32.dll"));

g_oriTextout = GetProcAddress(hGdi32, _T("TextOutA"));

if (NULL == g_oriTextout)

return FALSE;

//Get the hook'a address.

HMODULE hModule = GetModuleHandle(_T("HookDLL.dll"));

if (NULL == hModule)

return FALSE;

DWORD dwHookAddr = NULL;

__asm

{

mov esi, offset HookLabel;

mov edi, 0x10000000;//0x10000000 is the dll's base address.

sub esi, edi;

add esi, hModule;

mov [dwHookAddr], esi;

}

//Get the NOP's address.

DWORD dwNOPAddr = NULL;

__asm

{

mov esi, offset NOPLabel;

mov edi, 0x10000000;//0x10000000 is the dll's base address.

sub esi, edi;

add esi, hModule;

mov [dwNOPAddr], esi;

}

//Save the first 5 byte of TextOutA to g_abOriCode

__asm

{

mov esi, g_oriTextout;

lea edi, g_abOriCode;

cld;

movsd;

movsb;

}

//Generate the jmp Hook function.

g_abJmpCode[0] = 0xe9;

__asm

{

mov eax, dwHookAddr;

mov ebx, g_oriTextout;

add ebx, 5;

sub eax, ebx;

mov dword ptr[g_abJmpCode+1], eax;

}

//Write the jump instruction to the textoutA.

DWORD dwProcessId = GetCurrentProcessId();

HANDLE hProcess = OpenProcess (PROCESS_ALL_access,

FALSE, dwProcessId);

if (NULL == hProcess)

return FALSE;

DWORD dwOldFlag;

VirtualProtectEx(hProcess, g_oriTextout, 5, PAGE_READWRITE, &dwOldFlag);

WriteProcessMemory(hProcess, g_oriTextout, g_abJmpCode, sizeof(g_abJmpCode), NULL);

VirtualProtectEx(hProcess, g_oriTextout, 5, dwOldFlag, NULL);

//Write g_abOriTextout to the end of Hook function(NOP addr), then write the jmp instruction.

VirtualProtectEx(hProcess, (LPVOID)dwNOPAddr, 10, PAGE_READWRITE, &dwOldFlag);

WriteProcessMemory(hProcess, (LPVOID)dwNOPAddr, g_abOriCode, sizeof(g_abOriCode), NULL);

//Generate the jmp TextoutA + 5

__asm

{

mov eax, g_oriTextout;

mov ebx, dwNOPAddr;

add ebx, 5;

sub eax, ebx;

mov dword ptr[g_abJmpCode+1], eax;

}

WriteProcessMemory(hProcess, (LPVOID)(dwNOPAddr+5), g_abJmpCode, sizeof(g_abJmpCode), NULL);

VirtualProtectEx(hProcess, (LPVOID)dwNOPAddr, 10, dwOldFlag, NULL);

g_blHooked = TRUE;

if(TRUE)

return TRUE;

HookLabel:

NAKED_PROLOG ( ) ;

int nx, ny;

LPCSTR lp;

lp = NULL;

_asm

{

mov esi, ebp;

add esi, 0Ch;

lea edi, nx;

movsd;

lea edi, ny;

movsd;

lea edi, lp;

movsd;

}

WriteLog_F("Try to ouput \"%s\" at (%d,%d)\n", lp, nx, ny);

// Do the common epilog.

EPILOG_COMMON ( ) ;

NOPLabel:

_asm NOP

_asm NOP

_asm NOP

_asm NOP

_asm NOP

_asm NOP

_asm NOP

_asm NOP

_asm NOP

_asm NOP

_asm NOP

}

LRESULT WINAPI UninstallTextoutHook()

{

if (!g_blHooked)

return FALSE;

//Restore the first 5 bytes code of TextOutA

DWORD dwProcessId = GetCurrentProcessId();

HANDLE hProcess = OpenProcess (PROCESS_ALL_ACCESS,

FALSE, dwProcessId);

if (NULL == hProcess)

return FALSE;

DWORD dwOldFlag;

VirtualProtectEx(hProcess, g_oriTextout, 5, PAGE_READWRITE, &dwOldFlag);

WriteProcessMemory(hProcess, g_oriTextout, g_abOriCode, sizeof(g_abOriCode), NULL);

VirtualProtectEx(hProcess, g_oriTextout, 5, dwOldFlag, NULL);

g_blHooked = FALSE;

return TRUE;

}


Windows下的函数hook技术
更多内容请看Windows操作系统安全集 Windows操作系统安装 Windows频道专题,或

  都是很成熟的东西了,这几天看了看,总结一下而已。 讨论了Windows下hook函数的几种方法。提供了一个hook TextOutA的完整例子。通过CreateRemoteThread的方法把hook dll注入到一个普通的应用程序中。Hooking Imported Functions by name调用 imported functions'时的步骤/实现 在程序中调用从其它模块引入的函数的方法和普通的函数调用有所不同。对于普通的函数调用,直接使用 call address来调用即可,但是对于 imported functions ,在编译的时候 compiler/link 并不知道实际的函数实现会被加载到那个地址,函数实现在那个地址在运行的时候才会确定。对于 imported functions ,首先是 call 引入表中的一个函数,在运行时再初始化引入表,使用 jmp 跳转到真实的函数实现。 引入表: The PE file IMAGE_IMPORT_DESCRipTOR strUCture, which holds all the information about functions imported from a specific DLL, has pointers to two arrays in the executable. These arrays are called import address tables (IATs), or sometimes thunk data arrays. The first pointer references the real IAT, which the PRogram loader fixes up when the executable is loaded. The second pointer references the original IAT, which is untouched by the loader and lists the imported functions. 实现原理 找到 PE 文件的 Image_Import_Descriptor 结构 找到 Original LAT 和 Real LAT. 通过要 hook 的函数的名字在 Original LAT 找到要 hook 的 imported function 在数组中的 index. 保存并修改 Real LAT 在相应 index 的 function address (refer to John Robbins, BugsLayerUtil.dll) Hooking Imported Functions by ordinal 原理和 Hook Imported functions by name 一样,只是是通过要 hook 的函数的 ordinal 在 original LAT 中找到 index. Hooking a function in this dll 当一个 DLL 是通过 LoadLibrary 载入的时候,我们无法通过 hook imported function 的方法的 hook 它中的 function 。有两种可能的办法处理这种情况: 第一种方法,遍历进程空间,发现 call 指定函数的地方替换为 call hookFunction. 太麻烦,而且不安全。 第二种方法,改写要 hook 的函数 FuncA 。比较好的方法 实现 HookFuncA ,最后的实现垫入 n 个 nop. 找到要 hook 的函数 FuncA 的绝对地址,改写前 5 个字节为 jmp hookFuncA( 假定前 5 个字节为 n 个完整的指令 ) 把 FuncA 的前 5 个字节拷贝到 hookFuncA 的后面,在加上一条指令 jmp funcA+5. ----Code of HookDLL.dll, 可以通过CreateRemoteThread的方法把hook dll注入到一个普通的应用程序中。 // HookDLL.cpp : Defines the entry point for the DLL application. // #include "stdafx.h" #include "HookDLL.h" #include "Log.h" //forward declare. LRESULT WINAPI InstallTextoutHook(); LRESULT WINAPI UninstallTextoutHook(); BOOL APIENTRY DllMain( HANDLE hModule, DWord ul_reason_for_call, LPVOID lpReserved ) { switch (ul_reason_for_call) { case DLL_PROCESS_ATTACH: if (InstallTextoutHook()) { WriteLog("Install hook success.\n"); }else { WriteLog("Intall hook failed.\n"); } break; case DLL_THREAD_ATTACH: break; case DLL_THREAD_DETACH: break; case DLL_PROCESS_DETACH: if (UninstallTextoutHook()) { WriteLog("Uninstall hook success.\n"); }else { WriteLog("Unintall hook failed.\n"); } break; } return TRUE; } #define DWORD_PTR DWORD* #define __LOCAL_SIZE 40h #define NAKED_PROLOG() \ DWORD_PTR dwRet ; \ DWORD_PTR dwESI ; \ { \ __asm PUSH EBP /* Set up the standard frame.*/\ __asm MOV EBP , ESP \ __asm SUB ESP , __LOCAL_SIZE /* Save room for the local */\ /* variables. */\ __asm MOV EAX , EBP /* EBP has the stack coming */\ /* into the fn. in it. */\ __asm ADD EAX , 4 /* Account for PUSH EBP */\ __asm MOV EAX , [EAX] /* Get return address. */\ __asm MOV [dwRet] , EAX /* Save return address. */\ __asm MOV [dwESI] , ESI /* Save ESI so chkesp in dbg */\ /* builds works. */\ }// The common epilog part that can be shared between the stdcall and // cdecl hook functions. #define EPILOG_COMMON() \ { \ __asm MOV ESI , [dwESI] /* Restore ESI. */\ __asm ADD ESP , __LOCAL_SIZE /* Take away local var space */\ __asm MOV ESP, EBP /* Restore standard frame. */\ __asm POP EBP \ } #define COPY_CODE_LENGTH 5 BYTE g_abOriCode[COPY_CODE_LENGTH]; BYTE g_abJmpCode[COPY_CODE_LENGTH]; PROC g_oriTextout; BOOL g_blHooked = FALSE; LRESULT WINAPI InstallTextoutHook() { if (g_blHooked) return TRUE; //Get TextOutA's address. HMODULE hGdi32 = ::LoadLibrary(_T("Gdi32.dll")); g_oriTextout = GetProcAddress(hGdi32, _T("TextOutA")); if (NULL == g_oriTextout) return FALSE; //Get the hook'a address. HMODULE hModule = GetModuleHandle(_T("HookDLL.dll")); if (NULL == hModule) return FALSE; DWORD dwHookAddr = NULL; __asm { mov esi, offset HookLabel; mov edi, 0x10000000;//0x10000000 is the dll's base address. sub esi, edi; add esi, hModule; mov [dwHookAddr], esi; } //Get the NOP's address. DWORD dwNOPAddr = NULL; __asm { mov esi, offset NOPLabel; mov edi, 0x10000000;//0x10000000 is the dll's base address. sub esi, edi; add esi, hModule; mov [dwNOPAddr], esi; } //Save the first 5 byte of TextOutA to g_abOriCode __asm { mov esi, g_oriTextout; lea edi, g_abOriCode; cld; movsd; movsb; } //Generate the jmp Hook function. g_abJmpCode[0] = 0xe9; __asm { mov eax, dwHookAddr; mov ebx, g_oriTextout; add ebx, 5; sub eax, ebx; mov dword ptr[g_abJmpCode+1], eax; } //Write the jump instruction to the textoutA. DWORD dwProcessId = GetCurrentProcessId(); HANDLE hProcess = OpenProcess (PROCESS_ALL_access, FALSE, dwProcessId); if (NULL == hProcess) return FALSE; DWORD dwOldFlag; VirtualProtectEx(hProcess, g_oriTextout, 5, PAGE_READWRITE, &dwOldFlag); WriteProcessMemory(hProcess, g_oriTextout, g_abJmpCode, sizeof(g_abJmpCode), NULL); VirtualProtectEx(hProcess, g_oriTextout, 5, dwOldFlag, NULL); //Write g_abOriTextout to the end of Hook function(NOP addr), then write the jmp instruction. VirtualProtectEx(hProcess, (LPVOID)dwNOPAddr, 10, PAGE_READWRITE, &dwOldFlag); WriteProcessMemory(hProcess, (LPVOID)dwNOPAddr, g_abOriCode, sizeof(g_abOriCode), NULL); //Generate the jmp TextoutA + 5 __asm { mov eax, g_oriTextout; mov ebx, dwNOPAddr; add ebx, 5; sub eax, ebx; mov dword ptr[g_abJmpCode+1], eax; } WriteProcessMemory(hProcess, (LPVOID)(dwNOPAddr+5), g_abJmpCode, sizeof(g_abJmpCode), NULL); VirtualProtectEx(hProcess, (LPVOID)dwNOPAddr, 10, dwOldFlag, NULL); g_blHooked = TRUE; if(TRUE) return TRUE; HookLabel: NAKED_PROLOG ( ) ; int nx, ny; LPCSTR lp; lp = NULL; _asm { mov esi, ebp; add esi, 0Ch; lea edi, nx; movsd; lea edi, ny; movsd; lea edi, lp; movsd; } WriteLog_F("Try to ouput \"%s\" at (%d,%d)\n", lp, nx, ny); // Do the common epilog. EPILOG_COMMON ( ) ; NOPLabel: _asm NOP _asm NOP _asm NOP _asm NOP _asm NOP _asm NOP _asm NOP _asm NOP _asm NOP _asm NOP _asm NOP } LRESULT WINAPI UninstallTextoutHook() { if (!g_blHooked) return FALSE; //Restore the first 5 bytes code of TextOutA DWORD dwProcessId = GetCurrentProcessId(); HANDLE hProcess = OpenProcess (PROCESS_ALL_ACCESS, FALSE, dwProcessId); if (NULL == hProcess) return FALSE; DWORD dwOldFlag; VirtualProtectEx(hProcess, g_oriTextout, 5, PAGE_READWRITE, &dwOldFlag); WriteProcessMemory(hProcess, g_oriTextout, g_abOriCode, sizeof(g_abOriCode), NULL); VirtualProtectEx(hProcess, g_oriTextout, 5, dwOldFlag, NULL); g_blHooked = FALSE; return TRUE; } [url=http://www.wangchao.net.cn/bbsdetail_1785114.html][img]http://image.wangchao.net.cn/it/1323424667859.gif[/img][/url] 更多内容请看Windows操作系统安全集 Windows操作系统安装 Windows频道专题,或
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