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di yi jiang Delphi cao zuo shu ju ku ji chu ( shang )

2006-12-16 17:27:52 编辑來源:互联网 评论
 
本文为【第一讲 Delphi操作数据库基础(上)】的拼音翻译版
  yi 、 yin yan
   bian cheng xue yuan —Delphi zhuan ti jiang zuo cong ben qi kai shi le , xin ling zai ci xian tan tan zi ji de yi xie xiang fa 。 cong nian chu jie dao ze ren bian ji de yue gao zhi hou , xin ling yi zhi zai zhuo mo ru he xie hao ben ci Delphi zhuan ti jiang zuo , tong shi ye shen kao 、 xue xi yi qian ji wei xin ling de zhuan ti jiang zuo de feng ge 。 cong zhuan ti de xuan ze lai shuo , xin ling zui zhong xuan ze le “ shu ju ku ” zhe ge zhuan ti , yi shi xin ling ye yu shi jian zhu yao shi xie shu ju ku cheng xu de , xie shu ju ku zhuan ti bi jiao shu xi ; er shi shu ju ku de ying yong shi mu qian zui guang fan de , ju tong ji yue 60% yi shang de ying yong ruan jian dou shi yu shu ju ku you guan de 。 xin ling xi wang zhe ci Delphi shu ju ku zhuan ti jiang zuo neng qi dao pao zhuan yin yu de zuo yong , shi de du zhe neng tong guo ben ci jiang zuo xue xi dao ru he bian zhi yi ge wan zheng de shu ju ku ying yong cheng xu , bing zai zi ji de gong zuo 、 xue xi zhong de dao ying yong 。
   xian zai you guan Delphi shu ju ku bian cheng de shu ji 、 zi liao ye hen duo , xin ling bu xiang dong pin xi cou di chao 、 ban yi xie zi liao lai hu nong du zhe , bu xiang an zhao ta men de ru xian jiang shu ju ku zu jian zui hou yi yi ge li zi lai jie shu deng feng ge lai xie ben ci jiang zuo , ye bu neng mian mian ju dao di jiang jie mei ge shu ju ku zu jian de shu xing 、 fang fa he shi jian , yin wei zhe xie zhi shi da bu fen dou shi chong fu bang zhu wen jian de nei rong , zai zhe you xie jiang le ye mei duo da yong tu , du zhe ke gen ju xu yao sui shi cong bang zhu wen jian zhong huo qu , xin ling bu xiang lang fei bao gui de ban mian 。 ben ci jiang zuo jiang yi yi ge shao wei fu duo yi dian de shu ju ku ying yong cheng xu wei zhu xian , jiang yong dao de shu ju ku zu jian ji you guan zhi shi chuan cha jiang jie , jin liang zuo dao fu gai mian guang yi xie , tong shi zai jiang zuo zhong jian ke neng cha ru yi xie xiao li zi huo ji qiao lai jiang jie yi xie zu jian chong yao de shu xing 、 shi jian he fang fa deng 。 suo yi , ru guo nin xi guan le yi xie shu ji de bian xie feng ge , ke neng hui gan dao ben ci jiang zuo zai zu zhi xing shi shang you dian luan , dan ru guo nin neng gen zhe jiang zuo jian chi xue xi , xiang xin nin hui you suo shou huo 。
   ben ci jiang zuo ji hua she ji de zhu yao nei rong shi : yi ben di shu ju ku wei zhu , jie shao tong guo BDE cun qu shu ju ku ; tong guo ODBC、ADO cao zuo shu ju ku ;SQL zai shu ju ku zhong de ying yong ; shu ju ku cheng xu de an zhuang zhi zuo ; ru guo shi jian 、 ban mian yuan xu hui jie shao yi xia SQL SERVER。 zhe zhi shi yi ge ji hua , jiang gen ju du zhe fan kui yi jian 、 bian ji yao qiu 、 shi jian huo ban mian de qing kuang jin xing shi dang tiao zheng 。 ben jiang zuo yi mu qian shi yong guang fan de Delphi 5.0 qi ye ban wei bian cheng huan jing , sui ran Delphi6.0 yi fa xing , xin ling de dian nao zhong ye an zhuang le , dan ke neng mu qian yong de du zhe huan bu shi tai duo , ru guo nin yong de shi 6.0 ban huo 4.0 ban , ying gai dou shi ke yi de , zhi bu guo you xie shu ju ku zu jian suo zai zu jian mian ban de wei zhi bu yi yang 。 shun bian shuo yi xia , xie ben ci jiang zuo de xin ling zhi shi yi ge ye yu Delphi ai hao zhe , fei zhuan zhi cheng xu yuan , dui Delphi de xue xi bu shi mian mian mian ju dao , dui bi jiao shu xi de nei rong ye da bu dao fei chang jing tong de shui ping , suo yi ben jiang zuo bu shi he gao shui ping de du zhe , shi yu chu ji he zhong ji shui ping de du zhe yue du , zai jiang zuo zhong ke neng hui you yi xie cuo wu zhi chu , xi wang guang da du zhe neng ji shi zhi chu , xin ling zai de dao ti gao de tong shi ye neng shi qi ta du zhe de dao zheng que de xin xi 。
   xin ling jin liang jiang yi xie guan jian zhi chu jiang jie xiang xi , shi du zhe neng li jie he ming bai , xi wang du zhe neng ji shi ti chu jian yi 、 yi jian , jiang ben ci jiang zuo ban hao , bu gu fu bian ji de xin ren he du zhe de qi wang 。 xin ling xin xiang :xinling@sweek.com, sui shi zhun bei jie shou nin de yi jian 、 jian yi huo qi ta wen ti 。 yue du ben jiang zuo de du zhe ying yi ju bei shu ju ku de ji ben zhi shi , ru shu ju biao 、 zi duan 、 zi duan lei xing 、 suo yin deng gai nian , dui delphi ben shen ying gai ju bei chu ji shui ping 。
  xia mian xin ling xian tan tan ru he xie yi ge shu ju ku cheng xu 。
  er 、 ru he xie yi ge shu ju ku cheng xu
   xin ling fei ji suan ji zhuan ye ke ban chu shen , mei xue guo ruan jian gong cheng deng zhi lei de ke cheng , zhe li zhi neng cong jing yan lai tan tan ru he bian xie yi ge shu ju ku cheng xu 。 dang ran zhe li de you xie jing yan ye shi yong xie qi ta de cheng xu 。
  di yi 、 shou xian ying zuo yi ge fang an 。 ye ke yi shuo shi yi ge ji hua 、 da gang zhi lei de dong xi ba , zai fang an zhong shou xian yao gen ju zi ji huo ke hu de de xu yao ba zhu yao ying ju bei de gong neng xie qing chu 、 xie xiang xi , zhe shi hen zui guan jian de , fou ze zai she ji wan cheng hou fa xian you xie gong neng you yu shi xian mei you kao lv zhou dao zai chong xin she ji jiang hui hen ma fan de , ke neng you xie xu zeng jia de gong neng rong yi bu chong , er you xie ke neng you yu mei you liu xia jie kou deng deng hui zao cheng jiang yuan lai de dai ma yao zuo da liang xiu gai 。 qi ci , lie chu xu yao de fu zhu gong neng he qi ta yi xie tong yong gong neng 。 bi ru , dui dian nao he shu ju ku bu shu xi de ke hu yi ban bu hui ti chu shu ju ku ya suo 、 zheng li zhi lei de gong neng , dan wo men zai cheng xu she ji zhong ying gai kao lv zhe xie gong neng , huan you ru shu ju ku bei fen 、 hui fu gong neng deng ; tong yong de yi xie gong neng ru bang zhu wen jian 、 guan yu ben cheng xu deng deng , zhe xie yi ban shi ren he ruan jian dou ying gai you de 。 zui hou , jiang shu ju ku jie gou gou jian chu lai 。 gen ju xu yao wan cheng de gong neng , xuan ze shen me yang de shu ju ku , shu ju ku ying you ji ge shu ju biao , mei ge shu ju biao ying gai ju bei duo shao zi duan , zi duan de lei xing 、 chang du 、 shi fou yuan xu kong zhi , shi fou jian li suo yin deng dou yao xie qing chu 。
  di er 、 she ji chu bu cheng xu liu cheng 。 gen ju yao wan cheng de gong neng , jiang da zhi de cheng xu liu cheng xie chu lai , mei ge gong neng dou yao xie chu ji ben liu cheng , zhu yao shi wei yi hou de cheng xu bian xie qi dao yi ge zhi dao zuo yong , dang ran , zai shi ji xie cheng xu de guo cheng zhong ke neng hui you hen duo gai dong , dan yi ge ji ben de liu cheng hui zhi dao ni zai xie cheng xu shi bu hui chu xian da de pian cha 。
  di san 、 zhun bei suo xu zi liao 。 zhe li zhu yao zhi de shi bian cheng suo xu zi liao , gen ju fang an xu yao wan cheng de gong neng fen xi ke neng xu yao na xie fang mian de zi liao , dui fei zhuan zhi cheng xu yuan lai shuo , you xie zi liao shi bu tai ke neng ji de fei chang lao , zai xie cheng xu shi jing chang xu yao shen kao yi xie zi liao huo yi qian bian xie de cheng xu dai ma , ba zhe xie dou zhao lai , fang zai yi ge zhuan yong wen jian jia zhong ( dian zi ban ) huo fang zai an tou ( zhi jie zhi lei ), yi bian yu zai xu yao shi neng ji shi cha yue 。 dang ran , ru guo ke hu ti gong de zi liao xu yao zai bian cheng zhong shi yong , dang ran geng yao zhun bei hao 。 ling wai , yao kao lv shi fou you yi xie gong neng dan kao bian cheng ruan jian zi shen bu hao wan cheng xu yao shi yong di san fang zu jian huo qi ta fu zhu gong ju , ru guo xu yao ba zhe xie zu jian he gong ju ye zhun bei hao 。
  di si 、 she ji chu bu jie mian 。 gen ju yao wan cheng de gong neng , zai zhi shang she ji yi ge da zhi de jie mian , kao lv ke neng yong dao de cai dan 、 gong ju lan 、 zhuang tai tiao , cai yong du li de chuang kou huan shi MID chuang kou jie mian deng , zhe li wu xu hen xi zhi de jie mian , yin wei zai shi ji xie cheng xu zhong jie mian chang chang gen ju xu yao jin xing tiao zheng , zhe li zhi shi she ji yi ge lun kuo 。
  di wu 、 fen xi nan dian ji jie jue fang an 。 ji shi dui yi ge bian cheng gao shou lai shuo , xie yi ge cheng xu ye hui peng dao yi xie bi jiao kun nan zhi chu 。 wei le neng bi jiao shun li wan cheng cheng xu she ji , zui hao gen ju suo xu gong neng he cheng xu liu cheng lai dui zheng ge cheng xu kuang jia fen xi yi xia , gen ju zi ji zhang wo de zhi shi 、 ji neng lai zhao chu mou xie kun nan zhi chu , bing zhao dao jie jue fang fa 。 bi ru , dui yu bi jiao fu duo de cha xun , ke neng yong yi tiao SQL yu ju cha xun de bu dao suo xu jie guo , ni jiu xu yao fen xi yi xia ru he neng wan cheng zhe ge gong neng , shi fou cai yong lin shi shu ju biao lai shi xian , ru guo xu yao shi yong lin shi shu ju biao , na me ru he jiang shu ju dao chu dao lin shi biao zhong , zhe yang de SQL yu ju ru guo huan bu hui xie , na me ma shang cha cha zi liao kan kan ru he shi xian , zui hao zhao yi ge lin shi shu ju ku lai xie ji ju dai ma yan zheng yi xia kan neng fou jie jue , ru guo jie jue le , ke jiang dai ma zuo wei zi liao bao cun bei yong 。 zhe yang tong guo fen xi , jiang suo you ke neng cheng wei nan dian zhi chu dou zhao chu lai bing zhao dao le jie jue fang fa hou , zai yi hou cheng xu de bian xie guo cheng zhong sui ran ke neng da bu dao yi qi he cheng de cheng du , ye ying gai bi jiao shun li , zong bi zai bian cheng zhong peng dao yi ge nan dian hao ji tian dou wu fa jie jue er ting xia lai yao hao ba ! xin ling xi huan xie cheng xu shi neng yi kou qi wan cheng yi ge gong neng , zhe yang si lu liu chang , xie qi lai xiao lv gao , ru guo zhong jian lao shi jian duan jiu mei you xin qing le 。 dang ran zhe zhi shi xin ling de xi guan zuo fa , ke neng you de du zhe bing bu xi huan zhe zhong feng ge 。
  di liu 、 kai shi xie cheng xu 。 zai shang mian de zhun bei gong zuo zuo wan zhi hou , ying gai shuo , dao zhe li wan li chang zheng yi zou wan le san fen zhi yi , huo zhe shuo zou wan le yi ban dou bu kua zhang 。 yin wei you le ming que de cheng xu liu cheng 、 you le ji ben chong zu de zi liao 、 ke neng peng dao de nan dian dou zhao dao le jie jue fang an , wo men huan pa shen me ne ? you yu shi xian zhun bei de bi jiao chong fen , ji shi yi hou cheng xu de bian xie guo cheng zhong ke neng huan hui peng dao yi xie kun nan zhi chu , dan bi jing bu hui chu xian hen duo lan lu hu le , wo men xu yao de jiu shi na chu yi da kuai shi jian , jing xia xin lai ren zhen an zhao fang an he liu cheng lai xie cheng xu le 。 zhe li shuo ming yi dian , zai xie cheng xu zhi qian ying gai shou xian jian li kong bai shu ju ku , dang ran ke yi zai she ji fang an shi tong shi jian li shu ju ku , ye ke yi zai wan cheng qian mian de wu bu zhi hou zai zheng shi xie cheng xu qian jian li kong bai shu ju ku 。
   xie cheng xu de ji dian jian yi : you yu shu ju ku cheng xu he yong hu de jiao hu gong neng jiao duo , yong hu xu yao shu ru de shu ju hen duo , suo yi bi xu chong fen kao cheng xu de cuo wu chu li , dui yong hu ke neng chu xian de shu ru cuo wu yao chong fen kao lv bing zai cheng xu zhong jin liang ji shi gei chu ti shi , zai bao cun shi dui shu ru shu ju jin xing xiao yan , fang zhi yi xie fei fa shu ju bao cun dao shu ju ku zhong , dao zhi yi hou de tong ji 、 cha xun chu xian cuo wu 。 cheng xu yao xie de fei chang jian zhuang shi hen bu rong yi de , cong xin ling xie shu ju ku cheng xu de jing yan lai kan , hen da yi bu fen jing li dou yong zai fang zhi chu cuo 、 shi de cheng xu neng jian zhuang yun xing fang mian 。 yi ban zai wan cheng yi ge gong neng de dai ma bian xie hou li ji jin xing tiao shi , tong guo hou zai bian xie ling wai yi ge gong neng de dai ma , zhe yang ke fang zhi dai ma dou bian xie wan bi zai tiao shi ke neng dai lai de xiang hu ying xiang er nong bu qing chu dao di na bu fen dai ma you wen ti 。 dai ma zhong guan jian de di fang yao jia xie zhu shi , yi fang yi hou zi ji dou kan bu dong dang chu shi zen me xie de le 。 jiang cheng xu dai ma zuo hao bei fen , mian de wan yi lai yi ci zai nan er tong xin ji shou wei shen me mei ji shi bei fen dai ma 。
   guan yu ru he xie yi ge shu ju ku cheng xu jiu xian tan zhe me duo ba , yi hou zai jiang zuo zhong huan hui jie he li zi jiang yi xie , zhe li shi jin gong shen kao de ji dian jian yi 。
  san 、Delphi shi ru he cao zuo shu ju ku de ?
   wo men xian lai jian dan le jie yi xia Delphi shi ru he cun qu shu ju ku de 。Delphi cao zuo shu ju ku zhu yao shi li yong BDE( shu ju ku yin qing ) lai jin xing , dang ran tong guo qi ta fang shi rao guo BDE zhi jie fang wen shu ju ku zai Delphi zhong ye dou ke yi shi xian , bu guo , dui yu ben di shu ju ku lai shuo , tong guo BDE cun qu shu ju xiao lv huan shi hen gao de 。 ben di shu ju ku ru guo neng shu lian cao zuo de hua , bian xie wang luo shu ju ku ye hen rong yi shang shou le , dui pu tong du zhe lai shuo , xie wang luo shu ju ku de ji hui huan shi bu ru dan ji ben di shu ju ku duo , suo yi , ben ci jiang zuo de chong dian huan shi yi ben di shu ju ku wei zhu 。
   BDE shi Borland Database Engine de suo xie , ta shi fu ze yong hu he shu ju ku da jiao dao de zhong jian mei jie 。 shi shi shang , ying yong cheng xu shi tong guo shu ju fang wen zu jian he BDE lian jie , zai you BDE qu fang wen shu ju ku lai wan cheng dui shu ju ku de cao zuo de , bing fei zhi jie cao zuo BDE。 zhe yang yong hu zhi xu guan xin shu ju zu jian ji ke , bu yong qu zhi jie he BDE da jiao dao 。 shu ju ku zu jian zhu yao you shu ju fang wen zu jian he shu ju kong zhi zu jian , ta men he shu ju ku de guan xi ke yong xia mian de shi yi tu lai biao shi :
   yong hu ←→ shu ju kong zhi zu jian ←→ shu ju fang wen zu jian ←→BDE←→ shu ju ku
  tong guo BDE ji hu ke yi cao zuo mu qian suo you lei xing de shu ju ku 。 wo men lai jian dan le jie yi xia chang yong de shu ju ku zu jian 。
  ( yi ) shu ju fang wen zu jian (Data Access Component)
   shu ju fang wen zu jian zai zu jian mian ban de Data Access zu jian ye shang , zai zhe li wo men jian dan jie shao yi xia ,Table、Query he Storedproc san ge zu jian ye cheng wei shu ju ji zu jian , yong yu he shu ju ku lian jie , du zhe ke jiang zhe xie zu jian shi wei shu ju ku , dui ta men de cao zuo jiu ke ren wei shi dui shu ju ku de cao zuo 。
  DataSource zu jian shi shu ju ji zu jian he shu ju kong zhi zu jian de lian jie mei jie 。 shu ju kong zhi zu jian shi yong hu cao zuo shu ju ku zhong shu ju de jie mian , zhi you tong guo DataSource cai neng he shu ju ji zu jian lian jie , cong er huo de shu ju yong lai jin xing xian shi 、 xiu gai deng cao zuo 。
  Table zu jian shi tong guo shu ju ku yin qing BDE lai cun qu shu ju ku zhong de shu ju de , bing tong guo BDE jiang yong hu dui shu ju ku de cao zuo ru tian jia 、 shan chu 、 xiu gai deng chuan di hui shu ju ku , zhe shi fei chang chong yao de yi ge zu jian 。
  Query zu jian shi li yong jie gou hua cha xun yu yan (Structured Query Language) tong guo BDE lai cao zuo shu ju ku de , he Table zu jian wan cheng de gong neng ji ben yi yang , zhi shi cai yong le SQL lai shi xian , shi chong yao de zu jian zhi yi 。
  Storedproc zu jian shi tong guo BDE dui fu wu qi shu ju ku jin xing cao zuo de , chang yong yu ke hu / fu wu qi jie gou de shu ju ku ying yong cheng xu 。
  DataBase zu jian yi ban yong yu jian li yuan cheng de shu ju ku fu wu qi -- ke hu / fu wu qi jie gou de shu ju ku ying yong cheng xu he shu ju ku zhi jian de lian jie 。
  Session zu jian shi yong yu kong zhi shu ju ku ying yong cheng xu he shu ju ku lian jie de , zhu yao yong yu fu duo de gong neng , bi ru duo xian cheng shu ju ku cheng xu bian cheng 。
  BatchMove zu jian yong yu da pi shu ju de zhuan yi 、 fu zhi deng 。
  UpdateSQL zu jian zhuan yong yu zhi du shu ju ku , yong yu huan cun shu ju ku de geng xin 。
  NestedTable zu jian tong guo BDE cao zuo qian tao shu ju ku ( yi ge shu ju ku zuo wei yi ge zi duan bao cun zai ling yi ge shu ju ku zhong ), he Table zu jian lei si , xin ling mei yong guo qian tao shu ju ku , suo yi dui ci zu jian mei you ren he shi yong jing yan 。
  
  ( er ) shu ju kong zhi zu jian (Data Control Component)
   shu ju kong zhi zu jian ye ke cheng wei shu ju xian shi zu jian huo shu ju liu lan zu jian 。 ta men de zhu yao gong neng shi he shu ju fang wen zu jian pei he gong yong hu dui shu ju jin xing liu lan 、 bian ji deng cao zuo 。 shu ju kong zhi zu jian zai zu jian ban shang de DataControl ye shang , gong you 15 ge zu jian 。 ta men fen bie shi : DBGrid zu jian 、DBNavigator zu jian 、DBText zu jian 、DBEdit zu jian 、DBMemo zu jian 、DBImage zu jian 、DBListbox zu jian 、DBComboBox zu jian 、DBCheckBox zu jian 、DBRadioGroup zu jian 、DBLookupListBox zu jian 、DBLookupComboBox zu jian 、DBRichEdit zu jian 、DBCtrlGrid zu jian 、DBChart zu jian 。 zhe xie zu jian shi yong qi lai dou bu fu duo , you ji ge shao fu duo yi dian de yi hou jiang hui jiang jie 。 zhe li jiu bu zai zhu ge jie shi le 。
   ling wai huan you yi xie zu jian yu shu ju ku you guan 。Decision Cube shi yi zu zhu yao yong yu tong ji de zu jian , ke yi biao ge huo tu xing deng zhi guan de fang shi biao da tong ji jie guo , bu guo , si hu ying yong de bu shi hen guang fan 。QReport zu jian shi yong lai zui hou shu chu bao biao de zu jian , cong hen duo yong hu de fan ying qing kuang lai kan , ci zu jian bu tai shi he zhong guo ren bao biao de xi guan , ci zu jian shi Borland cong bie de gong si gou mai de , xing neng shang bu shi tai hao , suo yi xian zai yong de bu shi tai duo , ling you yi xie di san ti gong de bao biao zu jian hen hao yong , ye you yi xie guo ren zuo de bao biao zu jian , hen shi he zhong guo ren de xi guan , suo yi ru guo zui hou ban mian yuan xu de hua , jiang jian dan jie shao yi xia zhe xie zu jian de shi yong 。
   huan you yi ge zu jian ye shi ADO(ActiveX Data Objects), zhu yao shi shi yong wei ruan de OLE DB gong neng dui zai shu ju ku fu wu qi zhong de shu ju jin xing fang wen he cao zuo 。 qi zhu yao you dian shi yi yu shi yong 、 gao su du 、 di nei cun zhi chu he zhan yong ci pan kong jian jiao shao 。ADO zhi chi yong yu jian li ji yu ke hu duan / fu wu qi he Web de ying yong cheng xu de zhu yao gong neng 。ADO tong shi ju you yuan cheng shu ju fu wu (RDS) gong neng , tong guo RDS ke yi zai yi ci wang fan guo cheng zhong shi xian jiang shu ju cong fu wu qi yi dong dao ke hu duan ying yong cheng xu huo Web ye 、 zai ke hu duan dui shu ju jin xing chu li ran hou jiang geng xin jie guo fan hui fu wu qi de cao zuo 。ADO xian zai zhu jian liu xing qi lai ,ADO ben shen ye shi hen fu duo de , wei ruan you zhuan men de bang zhu wen jian lai jie shi ru he shi yong ADO, ben jiang zuo jiang hui yong yi xie pian fu lai jiang jie yi xia ru he shi yong ADO lai cao zuo shu ju ku 。
   di yi jiang jiu xian dao zhe li , zai xia yi jiang zhong jiang zhe chong jie shao yi xia cao zuo shu ju bi xu shou xian yao le jie de BDE de you guan zhi shi 。【原文】【汉音对照
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
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yi 、 yin yan bian cheng xue yuan —Delphi zhuan ti jiang zuo cong ben qi kai shi le , xin ling zai ci xian tan tan zi ji de yi xie xiang fa 。 cong nian chu jie dao ze ren bian ji de yue gao zhi hou , xin ling yi zhi zai zhuo mo ru he xie hao ben ci Delphi zhuan ti jiang zuo , tong shi ye shen kao 、 xue xi yi qian ji wei xin ling de zhuan ti jiang zuo de feng ge 。 cong zhuan ti de xuan ze lai shuo , xin ling zui zhong xuan ze le “ shu ju ku ” zhe ge zhuan ti , yi shi xin ling ye yu shi jian zhu yao shi xie shu ju ku cheng xu de , xie shu ju ku zhuan ti bi jiao shu xi ; er shi shu ju ku de ying yong shi mu qian zui guang fan de , ju tong ji yue 60% yi shang de ying yong ruan jian dou shi yu shu ju ku you guan de 。 xin ling xi wang zhe ci Delphi shu ju ku zhuan ti jiang zuo neng qi dao pao zhuan yin yu de zuo yong , shi de du zhe neng tong guo ben ci jiang zuo xue xi dao ru he bian zhi yi ge wan zheng de shu ju ku ying yong cheng xu , bing zai zi ji de gong zuo 、 xue xi zhong de dao ying yong 。 xian zai you guan Delphi shu ju ku bian cheng de shu ji 、 zi liao ye hen duo , xin ling bu xiang dong pin xi cou di chao 、 ban yi xie zi liao lai hu nong du zhe , bu xiang an zhao ta men de ru xian jiang shu ju ku zu jian zui hou yi yi ge li zi lai jie shu deng feng ge lai xie ben ci jiang zuo , ye bu neng mian mian ju dao di jiang jie mei ge shu ju ku zu jian de shu xing 、 fang fa he shi jian , yin wei zhe xie zhi shi da bu fen dou shi chong fu bang zhu wen jian de nei rong , zai zhe you xie jiang le ye mei duo da yong tu , du zhe ke gen ju xu yao sui shi cong bang zhu wen jian zhong huo qu , xin ling bu xiang lang fei bao gui de ban mian 。 ben ci jiang zuo jiang yi yi ge shao wei fu duo yi dian de shu ju ku ying yong cheng xu wei zhu xian , jiang yong dao de shu ju ku zu jian ji you guan zhi shi chuan cha jiang jie , jin liang zuo dao fu gai mian guang yi xie , tong shi zai jiang zuo zhong jian ke neng cha ru yi xie xiao li zi huo ji qiao lai jiang jie yi xie zu jian chong yao de shu xing 、 shi jian he fang fa deng 。 suo yi , ru guo nin xi guan le yi xie shu ji de bian xie feng ge , ke neng hui gan dao ben ci jiang zuo zai zu zhi xing shi shang you dian luan , dan ru guo nin neng gen zhe jiang zuo jian chi xue xi , xiang xin nin hui you suo shou huo 。 ben ci jiang zuo ji hua she ji de zhu yao nei rong shi : yi ben di shu ju ku wei zhu , jie shao tong guo BDE cun qu shu ju ku ; tong guo ODBC、ADO cao zuo shu ju ku ;SQL zai shu ju ku zhong de ying yong ; shu ju ku cheng xu de an zhuang zhi zuo ; ru guo shi jian 、 ban mian yuan xu hui jie shao yi xia SQL SERVER。 zhe zhi shi yi ge ji hua , jiang gen ju du zhe fan kui yi jian 、 bian ji yao qiu 、 shi jian huo ban mian de qing kuang jin xing shi dang tiao zheng 。 ben jiang zuo yi mu qian shi yong guang fan de Delphi 5.0 qi ye ban wei bian cheng huan jing , sui ran Delphi6.0 yi fa xing , xin ling de dian nao zhong ye an zhuang le , dan ke neng mu qian yong de du zhe huan bu shi tai duo , ru guo nin yong de shi 6.0 ban huo 4.0 ban , ying gai dou shi ke yi de , zhi bu guo you xie shu ju ku zu jian suo zai zu jian mian ban de wei zhi bu yi yang 。 shun bian shuo yi xia , xie ben ci jiang zuo de xin ling zhi shi yi ge ye yu Delphi ai hao zhe , fei zhuan zhi cheng xu yuan , dui Delphi de xue xi bu shi mian mian mian ju dao , dui bi jiao shu xi de nei rong ye da bu dao fei chang jing tong de shui ping , suo yi ben jiang zuo bu shi he gao shui ping de du zhe , shi yu chu ji he zhong ji shui ping de du zhe yue du , zai jiang zuo zhong ke neng hui you yi xie cuo wu zhi chu , xi wang guang da du zhe neng ji shi zhi chu , xin ling zai de dao ti gao de tong shi ye neng shi qi ta du zhe de dao zheng que de xin xi 。 xin ling jin liang jiang yi xie guan jian zhi chu jiang jie xiang xi , shi du zhe neng li jie he ming bai , xi wang du zhe neng ji shi ti chu jian yi 、 yi jian , jiang ben ci jiang zuo ban hao , bu gu fu bian ji de xin ren he du zhe de qi wang 。 xin ling xin xiang :xinling@sweek.com, sui shi zhun bei jie shou nin de yi jian 、 jian yi huo qi ta wen ti 。 yue du ben jiang zuo de du zhe ying yi ju bei shu ju ku de ji ben zhi shi , ru shu ju biao 、 zi duan 、 zi duan lei xing 、 suo yin deng gai nian , dui delphi ben shen ying gai ju bei chu ji shui ping 。 xia mian xin ling xian tan tan ru he xie yi ge shu ju ku cheng xu 。 er 、 ru he xie yi ge shu ju ku cheng xu xin ling fei ji suan ji zhuan ye ke ban chu shen , mei xue guo ruan jian gong cheng deng zhi lei de ke cheng , zhe li zhi neng cong jing yan lai tan tan ru he bian xie yi ge shu ju ku cheng xu 。 dang ran zhe li de you xie jing yan ye shi yong xie qi ta de cheng xu 。 di yi 、 shou xian ying zuo yi ge fang an 。 ye ke yi shuo shi yi ge ji hua 、 da gang zhi lei de dong xi ba , zai fang an zhong shou xian yao gen ju zi ji huo ke hu de de xu yao ba zhu yao ying ju bei de gong neng xie qing chu 、 xie xiang xi , zhe shi hen zui guan jian de , fou ze zai she ji wan cheng hou fa xian you xie gong neng you yu shi xian mei you kao lv zhou dao zai chong xin she ji jiang hui hen ma fan de , ke neng you xie xu zeng jia de gong neng rong yi bu chong , er you xie ke neng you yu mei you liu xia jie kou deng deng hui zao cheng jiang yuan lai de dai ma yao zuo da liang xiu gai 。 qi ci , lie chu xu yao de fu zhu gong neng he qi ta yi xie tong yong gong neng 。 bi ru , dui dian nao he shu ju ku bu shu xi de ke hu yi ban bu hui ti chu shu ju ku ya suo 、 zheng li zhi lei de gong neng , dan wo men zai cheng xu she ji zhong ying gai kao lv zhe xie gong neng , huan you ru shu ju ku bei fen 、 hui fu gong neng deng ; tong yong de yi xie gong neng ru bang zhu wen jian 、 guan yu ben cheng xu deng deng , zhe xie yi ban shi ren he ruan jian dou ying gai you de 。 zui hou , jiang shu ju ku jie gou gou jian chu lai 。 gen ju xu yao wan cheng de gong neng , xuan ze shen me yang de shu ju ku , shu ju ku ying you ji ge shu ju biao , mei ge shu ju biao ying gai ju bei duo shao zi duan , zi duan de lei xing 、 chang du 、 shi fou yuan xu kong zhi , shi fou jian li suo yin deng dou yao xie qing chu 。 di er 、 she ji chu bu cheng xu liu cheng 。 gen ju yao wan cheng de gong neng , jiang da zhi de cheng xu liu cheng xie chu lai , mei ge gong neng dou yao xie chu ji ben liu cheng , zhu yao shi wei yi hou de cheng xu bian xie qi dao yi ge zhi dao zuo yong , dang ran , zai shi ji xie cheng xu de guo cheng zhong ke neng hui you hen duo gai dong , dan yi ge ji ben de liu cheng hui zhi dao ni zai xie cheng xu shi bu hui chu xian da de pian cha 。 di san 、 zhun bei suo xu zi liao 。 zhe li zhu yao zhi de shi bian cheng suo xu zi liao , gen ju fang an xu yao wan cheng de gong neng fen xi ke neng xu yao na xie fang mian de zi liao , dui fei zhuan zhi cheng xu yuan lai shuo , you xie zi liao shi bu tai ke neng ji de fei chang lao , zai xie cheng xu shi jing chang xu yao shen kao yi xie zi liao huo yi qian bian xie de cheng xu dai ma , ba zhe xie dou zhao lai , fang zai yi ge zhuan yong wen jian jia zhong ( dian zi ban ) huo fang zai an tou ( zhi jie zhi lei ), yi bian yu zai xu yao shi neng ji shi cha yue 。 dang ran , ru guo ke hu ti gong de zi liao xu yao zai bian cheng zhong shi yong , dang ran geng yao zhun bei hao 。 ling wai , yao kao lv shi fou you yi xie gong neng dan kao bian cheng ruan jian zi shen bu hao wan cheng xu yao shi yong di san fang zu jian huo qi ta fu zhu gong ju , ru guo xu yao ba zhe xie zu jian he gong ju ye zhun bei hao 。 di si 、 she ji chu bu jie mian 。 gen ju yao wan cheng de gong neng , zai zhi shang she ji yi ge da zhi de jie mian , kao lv ke neng yong dao de cai dan 、 gong ju lan 、 zhuang tai tiao , cai yong du li de chuang kou huan shi MID chuang kou jie mian deng , zhe li wu xu hen xi zhi de jie mian , yin wei zai shi ji xie cheng xu zhong jie mian chang chang gen ju xu yao jin xing tiao zheng , zhe li zhi shi she ji yi ge lun kuo 。 di wu 、 fen xi nan dian ji jie jue fang an 。 ji shi dui yi ge bian cheng gao shou lai shuo , xie yi ge cheng xu ye hui peng dao yi xie bi jiao kun nan zhi chu 。 wei le neng bi jiao shun li wan cheng cheng xu she ji , zui hao gen ju suo xu gong neng he cheng xu liu cheng lai dui zheng ge cheng xu kuang jia fen xi yi xia , gen ju zi ji zhang wo de zhi shi 、 ji neng lai zhao chu mou xie kun nan zhi chu , bing zhao dao jie jue fang fa 。 bi ru , dui yu bi jiao fu duo de cha xun , ke neng yong yi tiao SQL yu ju cha xun de bu dao suo xu jie guo , ni jiu xu yao fen xi yi xia ru he neng wan cheng zhe ge gong neng , shi fou cai yong lin shi shu ju biao lai shi xian , ru guo xu yao shi yong lin shi shu ju biao , na me ru he jiang shu ju dao chu dao lin shi biao zhong , zhe yang de SQL yu ju ru guo huan bu hui xie , na me ma shang cha cha zi liao kan kan ru he shi xian , zui hao zhao yi ge lin shi shu ju ku lai xie ji ju dai ma yan zheng yi xia kan neng fou jie jue , ru guo jie jue le , ke jiang dai ma zuo wei zi liao bao cun bei yong 。 zhe yang tong guo fen xi , jiang suo you ke neng cheng wei nan dian zhi chu dou zhao chu lai bing zhao dao le jie jue fang fa hou , zai yi hou cheng xu de bian xie guo cheng zhong sui ran ke neng da bu dao yi qi he cheng de cheng du , ye ying gai bi jiao shun li , zong bi zai bian cheng zhong peng dao yi ge nan dian hao ji tian dou wu fa jie jue er ting xia lai yao hao ba ! xin ling xi huan xie cheng xu shi neng yi kou qi wan cheng yi ge gong neng , zhe yang si lu liu chang , xie qi lai xiao lv gao , ru guo zhong jian lao shi jian duan jiu mei you xin qing le 。 dang ran zhe zhi shi xin ling de xi guan zuo fa , ke neng you de du zhe bing bu xi huan zhe zhong feng ge 。 di liu 、 kai shi xie cheng xu 。 zai shang mian de zhun bei gong zuo zuo wan zhi hou , ying gai shuo , dao zhe li wan li chang zheng yi zou wan le san fen zhi yi , huo zhe shuo zou wan le yi ban dou bu kua zhang 。 yin wei you le ming que de cheng xu liu cheng 、 you le ji ben chong zu de zi liao 、 ke neng peng dao de nan dian dou zhao dao le jie jue fang an , wo men huan pa shen me ne ? you yu shi xian zhun bei de bi jiao chong fen , ji shi yi hou cheng xu de bian xie guo cheng zhong ke neng huan hui peng dao yi xie kun nan zhi chu , dan bi jing bu hui chu xian hen duo lan lu hu le , wo men xu yao de jiu shi na chu yi da kuai shi jian , jing xia xin lai ren zhen an zhao fang an he liu cheng lai xie cheng xu le 。 zhe li shuo ming yi dian , zai xie cheng xu zhi qian ying gai shou xian jian li kong bai shu ju ku , dang ran ke yi zai she ji fang an shi tong shi jian li shu ju ku , ye ke yi zai wan cheng qian mian de wu bu zhi hou zai zheng shi xie cheng xu qian jian li kong bai shu ju ku 。 xie cheng xu de ji dian jian yi : you yu shu ju ku cheng xu he yong hu de jiao hu gong neng jiao duo , yong hu xu yao shu ru de shu ju hen duo , suo yi bi xu chong fen kao cheng xu de cuo wu chu li , dui yong hu ke neng chu xian de shu ru cuo wu yao chong fen kao lv bing zai cheng xu zhong jin liang ji shi gei chu ti shi , zai bao cun shi dui shu ru shu ju jin xing xiao yan , fang zhi yi xie fei fa shu ju bao cun dao shu ju ku zhong , dao zhi yi hou de tong ji 、 cha xun chu xian cuo wu 。 cheng xu yao xie de fei chang jian zhuang shi hen bu rong yi de , cong xin ling xie shu ju ku cheng xu de jing yan lai kan , hen da yi bu fen jing li dou yong zai fang zhi chu cuo 、 shi de cheng xu neng jian zhuang yun xing fang mian 。 yi ban zai wan cheng yi ge gong neng de dai ma bian xie hou li ji jin xing tiao shi , tong guo hou zai bian xie ling wai yi ge gong neng de dai ma , zhe yang ke fang zhi dai ma dou bian xie wan bi zai tiao shi ke neng dai lai de xiang hu ying xiang er nong bu qing chu dao di na bu fen dai ma you wen ti 。 dai ma zhong guan jian de di fang yao jia xie zhu shi , yi fang yi hou zi ji dou kan bu dong dang chu shi zen me xie de le 。 jiang cheng xu dai ma zuo hao bei fen , mian de wan yi lai yi ci zai nan er tong xin ji shou wei shen me mei ji shi bei fen dai ma 。 guan yu ru he xie yi ge shu ju ku cheng xu jiu xian tan zhe me duo ba , yi hou zai jiang zuo zhong huan hui jie he li zi jiang yi xie , zhe li shi jin gong shen kao de ji dian jian yi 。 san 、Delphi shi ru he cao zuo shu ju ku de ? wo men xian lai jian dan le jie yi xia Delphi shi ru he cun qu shu ju ku de 。Delphi cao zuo shu ju ku zhu yao shi li yong BDE( shu ju ku yin qing ) lai jin xing , dang ran tong guo qi ta fang shi rao guo BDE zhi jie fang wen shu ju ku zai Delphi zhong ye dou ke yi shi xian , bu guo , dui yu ben di shu ju ku lai shuo , tong guo BDE cun qu shu ju xiao lv huan shi hen gao de 。 ben di shu ju ku ru guo neng shu lian cao zuo de hua , bian xie wang luo shu ju ku ye hen rong yi shang shou le , dui pu tong du zhe lai shuo , xie wang luo shu ju ku de ji hui huan shi bu ru dan ji ben di shu ju ku duo , suo yi , ben ci jiang zuo de chong dian huan shi yi ben di shu ju ku wei zhu 。 BDE shi Borland Database Engine de suo xie , ta shi fu ze yong hu he shu ju ku da jiao dao de zhong jian mei jie 。 shi shi shang , ying yong cheng xu shi tong guo shu ju fang wen zu jian he BDE lian jie , zai you BDE qu fang wen shu ju ku lai wan cheng dui shu ju ku de cao zuo de , bing fei zhi jie cao zuo BDE。 zhe yang yong hu zhi xu guan xin shu ju zu jian ji ke , bu yong qu zhi jie he BDE da jiao dao 。 shu ju ku zu jian zhu yao you shu ju fang wen zu jian he shu ju kong zhi zu jian , ta men he shu ju ku de guan xi ke yong xia mian de shi yi tu lai biao shi : yong hu ←→ shu ju kong zhi zu jian ←→ shu ju fang wen zu jian ←→BDE←→ shu ju ku tong guo BDE ji hu ke yi cao zuo mu qian suo you lei xing de shu ju ku 。 wo men lai jian dan le jie yi xia chang yong de shu ju ku zu jian 。 ( yi ) shu ju fang wen zu jian (Data Access Component) shu ju fang wen zu jian zai zu jian mian ban de Data Access zu jian ye shang , zai zhe li wo men jian dan jie shao yi xia ,Table、Query he Storedproc san ge zu jian ye cheng wei shu ju ji zu jian , yong yu he shu ju ku lian jie , du zhe ke jiang zhe xie zu jian shi wei shu ju ku , dui ta men de cao zuo jiu ke ren wei shi dui shu ju ku de cao zuo 。 DataSource zu jian shi shu ju ji zu jian he shu ju kong zhi zu jian de lian jie mei jie 。 shu ju kong zhi zu jian shi yong hu cao zuo shu ju ku zhong shu ju de jie mian , zhi you tong guo DataSource cai neng he shu ju ji zu jian lian jie , cong er huo de shu ju yong lai jin xing xian shi 、 xiu gai deng cao zuo 。 Table zu jian shi tong guo shu ju ku yin qing BDE lai cun qu shu ju ku zhong de shu ju de , bing tong guo BDE jiang yong hu dui shu ju ku de cao zuo ru tian jia 、 shan chu 、 xiu gai deng chuan di hui shu ju ku , zhe shi fei chang chong yao de yi ge zu jian 。 Query zu jian shi li yong jie gou hua cha xun yu yan (Structured Query Language) tong guo BDE lai cao zuo shu ju ku de , he Table zu jian wan cheng de gong neng ji ben yi yang , zhi shi cai yong le SQL lai shi xian , shi chong yao de zu jian zhi yi 。 Storedproc zu jian shi tong guo BDE dui fu wu qi shu ju ku jin xing cao zuo de , chang yong yu ke hu / fu wu qi jie gou de shu ju ku ying yong cheng xu 。 DataBase zu jian yi ban yong yu jian li yuan cheng de shu ju ku fu wu qi -- ke hu / fu wu qi jie gou de shu ju ku ying yong cheng xu he shu ju ku zhi jian de lian jie 。 Session zu jian shi yong yu kong zhi shu ju ku ying yong cheng xu he shu ju ku lian jie de , zhu yao yong yu fu duo de gong neng , bi ru duo xian cheng shu ju ku cheng xu bian cheng 。 BatchMove zu jian yong yu da pi shu ju de zhuan yi 、 fu zhi deng 。 UpdateSQL zu jian zhuan yong yu zhi du shu ju ku , yong yu huan cun shu ju ku de geng xin 。 NestedTable zu jian tong guo BDE cao zuo qian tao shu ju ku ( yi ge shu ju ku zuo wei yi ge zi duan bao cun zai ling yi ge shu ju ku zhong ), he Table zu jian lei si , xin ling mei yong guo qian tao shu ju ku , suo yi dui ci zu jian mei you ren he shi yong jing yan 。 ( er ) shu ju kong zhi zu jian (Data Control Component) shu ju kong zhi zu jian ye ke cheng wei shu ju xian shi zu jian huo shu ju liu lan zu jian 。 ta men de zhu yao gong neng shi he shu ju fang wen zu jian pei he gong yong hu dui shu ju jin xing liu lan 、 bian ji deng cao zuo 。 shu ju kong zhi zu jian zai zu jian ban shang de DataControl ye shang , gong you 15 ge zu jian 。 ta men fen bie shi : DBGrid zu jian 、DBNavigator zu jian 、DBText zu jian 、DBEdit zu jian 、DBMemo zu jian 、DBImage zu jian 、DBListbox zu jian 、DBComboBox zu jian 、DBCheckBox zu jian 、DBRadioGroup zu jian 、DBLookupListBox zu jian 、DBLookupComboBox zu jian 、DBRichEdit zu jian 、DBCtrlGrid zu jian 、DBChart zu jian 。 zhe xie zu jian shi yong qi lai dou bu fu duo , you ji ge shao fu duo yi dian de yi hou jiang hui jiang jie 。 zhe li jiu bu zai zhu ge jie shi le 。 ling wai huan you yi xie zu jian yu shu ju ku you guan 。Decision Cube shi yi zu zhu yao yong yu tong ji de zu jian , ke yi biao ge huo tu xing deng zhi guan de fang shi biao da tong ji jie guo , bu guo , si hu ying yong de bu shi hen guang fan 。QReport zu jian shi yong lai zui hou shu chu bao biao de zu jian , cong hen duo yong hu de fan ying qing kuang lai kan , ci zu jian bu tai shi he zhong guo ren bao biao de xi guan , ci zu jian shi Borland cong bie de gong si gou mai de , xing neng shang bu shi tai hao , suo yi xian zai yong de bu shi tai duo , ling you yi xie di san ti gong de bao biao zu jian hen hao yong , ye you yi xie guo ren zuo de bao biao zu jian , hen shi he zhong guo ren de xi guan , suo yi ru guo zui hou ban mian yuan xu de hua , jiang jian dan jie shao yi xia zhe xie zu jian de shi yong 。 huan you yi ge zu jian ye shi ADO(ActiveX Data Objects), zhu yao shi shi yong wei ruan de OLE DB gong neng dui zai shu ju ku fu wu qi zhong de shu ju jin xing fang wen he cao zuo 。 qi zhu yao you dian shi yi yu shi yong 、 gao su du 、 di nei cun zhi chu he zhan yong ci pan kong jian jiao shao 。ADO zhi chi yong yu jian li ji yu ke hu duan / fu wu qi he Web de ying yong cheng xu de zhu yao gong neng 。ADO tong shi ju you yuan cheng shu ju fu wu (RDS) gong neng , tong guo RDS ke yi zai yi ci wang fan guo cheng zhong shi xian jiang shu ju cong fu wu qi yi dong dao ke hu duan ying yong cheng xu huo Web ye 、 zai ke hu duan dui shu ju jin xing chu li ran hou jiang geng xin jie guo fan hui fu wu qi de cao zuo 。ADO xian zai zhu jian liu xing qi lai ,ADO ben shen ye shi hen fu duo de , wei ruan you zhuan men de bang zhu wen jian lai jie shi ru he shi yong ADO, ben jiang zuo jiang hui yong yi xie pian fu lai jiang jie yi xia ru he shi yong ADO lai cao zuo shu ju ku 。 di yi jiang jiu xian dao zhe li , zai xia yi jiang zhong jiang zhe chong jie shao yi xia cao zuo shu ju bi xu shou xian yao le jie de BDE de you guan zhi shi 。
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