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zai 64 wei Linux huan jing xia an zhuang Oracle shu ju ku 10g

2008-08-14 23:14:28 编辑來源:互联网 评论
 
本文为【在64位Linux环境下安装Oracle数据库10g】的拼音翻译版
  jing guo shu tian bu xie de nu li ,LINUX li jin san ci chong zhuang ,ORACLE chong zhuang N ci zhong yu zai LiNUXAS4 update6 x86_64 xia an zhuang hao ORACLE10g R 2 (64 wei ) le 。
  xia mian ba an zhuang guo cheng he da jia fen xiang yi xia , yi mian geng duo ren xiang wo yi yang hua fei da liang de shi jian zai mo ming qi miao de wen ti shang 。
  shou xian yao shuo ming de shi , guan fang ye you xiang ying de wen dang an zhuang dan shi shi ji guo cheng zhong , hui you yi xie wen ti xu yao jie jue 。
  ben wen dang shen zhao le xiang guan shuo ming , zhi zai jie he ju ti huan jing shuo ming wen ti dan shui ping yuan yin ke neng huan shi mei you shuo ming bai , huan ying da jia ti yi jian 。Step1 an zhuang RH LINUX AS4 tu xing hua an zhuang , bi jiao jian dan , wei an zhuang ORACLE zhu yi a.SWAP fen qu yao she de zu gou da , zui hao zai 2G yi shang b. an zhuang bao han de bao yao zi xuan , kai fa bao zui hao dou gou shang Step2 jian cha ban ben he xu yao de gong ju bao gai bu fen ji ben mei shen me wen ti 。
  uname -r
  // nei gai ban ben rpm -q gcc make binutils openmotif glibc
  // ji ben ruan jian bao , bi xu xu yao rpm -q gcc make binutils openmotif setarch compat-db compat-gcc openmotif compat-gcc-c++ compat-libstdc++ compat-libstdc++-devel
  // xiang guan wen dang ji zai xu yao jian cha zhe xie ruan jian bao , dan you xie shi mei you de , shi shi zheng ming ye que shi shi bu xu yao de 。
  /******************************************
  //RHEL AS 4 de fa xing zhu ji zhong ti dao zhe xie ruan jian bao yi jing bei shan chu :
  //compat-gcc//compat-gcc-c++//compat-glibc//compat-libstdc++//compat-libstdc++-devel
  // suo yi ta men zai ye bu xu yao bei an zhuang shang le 。
  *********************************************/grep MemTotal /proc/meminfo
  // jian cha nei cun
  grep SwapTotal /proc/meminfo // jian cha jiao huan fen qu
  df -h // cha kan ying pan qing kuang Step3 zhen dui Oracle pei zhi Linux3.1 tian jia yong hu he zu , jian li mu lu
  // zhe ge guo cheng yi ban bu hui you wen ti groupadd osintall
  // tian jia zu groupadd dba
  // tian jia zu useradd -m -g oinstall -G dba oracle
  // tian jia yong hu id oracle
  // yan zheng passwd oracle
  // she zhi mi ma mkdir -p /u01/app/oracle
  // zhu mu lu mkdir -p /u02/oradata
  // shu ju ku wen jian mu lu chown -R oracle:osintall /u01/app/oracle/ /u02/oradata/
  // mu lu guan xi
  chmod -R 755 /u01/app/oracle/ /u02/oradata/
  // du xie quan xian she zhi 3.2 pei zhi Linux nei gai shen shu an zhao guan fang shuo ming , ying gai pei zhi ru xia shen shu : nei gai shen shu vi /etc/sysctl.conf
  // tian jia kernel.shmall = 2097152
  kernel.shmmax = 2147483648
  kernel.shmmni = 4096
  kernel.sem = 250 32000 100 128
  fs.file-max = 65536
  net.ipv4.ip_local_port_range = 1024 65000
  net.core.rmem_default = 262144
  net.core.rmem_max = 262144
  net.core.wmem_default = 262144
  net.core.wmem_max = 262144// ran hou chong qi huo zhi xing yi xia ming ling shi shen shu sheng xiao /sbin/sysctl -p3.3 she zhi huan jing bian liang
  // yi oracle yong hu shen fen deng lu vi .bash_profile // tian jia export ORACLE_BASE = /u01/app/oracle
  export ORACLE_HOME =$ORACLE_BASE/product/102
  export ORACLE_SID = BETAPATH=$PATH:$HOME/bin:$ORACLE_HOME/bin
  // xiu gai 3.4 wei yong hu she zhi Shell xian zhi /etc/security/limits.conf // tian jia oracle soft nproc 2047
  oracle hard nproc 16384
  oracle soft nofile 1024
  oracle hard nofile 65536// deng lu yan zheng /etc/pam.d/login // tian jia session required pam_limits.so
  // wo fa xian jia le zhe ge yi hou xi tong ben ji wu fa deng lu , yong hu ming shu ru zheng que ta hui yao qiu ni zai shu ru , cuo wu shi ta hui bao cuo , qi guai de shi ke yi yuan cheng deng lu , suo yi hou lai mei you gai zhe ge shen shu //oracle yong hu mo ren jiao ben /etc/profile // tian jia if [ $USER = "oracle" ]; then
  if [ $SHELL = "/bin/ksh" ]; then
  ulimit -p 16384
  ulimit -n 65536
  else
  ulimit -u 16384 -n 65536
  fi
  fi// zhi ci huan jing pei zhi wan cheng Step4 an zhuang Oralcegunzip 10201_database_linux_x86_64.cpio.gz // jie ya cpio -idmv < 10201_database_linux_x86_64.cpio // shi fang wen jian // zai tu xing hua mo shi xia ./runInstaller// gen ju xu yao an zhuang shu ju ku ruan jian // zai an zhuang cheng xu jian cha xi tong guo cheng zhong , yu dao cuo wu huo jing gao zui hao bu yao qiang xing an zhuang , zhao dao yuan yin , zhen dui jie jue 。 zui hou wo zhi hu lue le yi ge wang luo pei zhi jian cha de jing gao jiu ke an zhuang cheng gong 。// zai an zhuang guo cheng zhong dao linking shi , hui chu xian cuo wu Error in invoking target 'all_no_orcl' of makefile /opt/oracle/10.2.0/db_1/rdbms/lib/ins_rdbms.mk, shi you yu U2 de yi ge bao de wen ti , xu yao sheng ji bao binutils-2.15.92.0.2-15.0.0.0.2.x86_64.rpm, zai http://oss.oracle.com/projects/compat-oracle/files/RedHat/ ke yi xia zai dao 。 shu ju ku xi tong an zhuang wan cheng hou , wo men ke yi jian li shu ju ku le // da kai zhong duan dbca
  // huan jing bian liang she zhi hao le ke yi zhi jie yong gai ming ling , fou ze jin ru xiang ying mu lu // xuan ze xiang ying xuan xiang , an zhuang shu ju ku // zai chuang jian shu ju ku guo cheng zhong , ru guo chu xian cuo wu ORA-12547: TNS:lost contact, ke neng shi you yu que shao bao libaio-0.3.103-3.x86_64.rpm, ke yi zai di 4 zhang an zhuang pan zhong zhao dao 。 dang ran gai cuo wu ye ke neng shi nei gai shen shu cuo wu huo zhe xi tong fan mang deng yin qi de :) kai shi kong zhi shu ju ku le lsnrctl startisqlplusctl startemctl start dbconsole jiu ke yi tong guo xiang guan wang ye he cheng xu cha kan shu ju ku yun xing qing kuang le an zhuang zhi hou ,ORACLE xia ci shi bu hui zi ji qi dong de , suo yi , xu yao she zhi zi ji qi dong . wo men ke yi
  1. she zhi /etc/oratab rang zhi ding de shi li zi dong qi dong . yi root yong hu xiu gai oratab wen jian su – root
  vi /etc/oratab // jiang zui hou de N gai wei Y
  2. jian dan de fu wu qi dong jiao ben : she zhi /etc/rc.local$ vi /etc/rc.local
  tian jia yi xia nei rong :
  su - oracle -c 'lsnrctl start' // rang jian ting qi dong qi lai
  su - oracle -c 'dbstart' // rang shu ju ku qi dong qi lai【原文】【汉音对照
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
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jing guo shu tian bu xie de nu li ,LINUX li jin san ci chong zhuang ,ORACLE chong zhuang N ci zhong yu zai LiNUXAS4 update6 x86_64 xia an zhuang hao ORACLE10g R 2 (64 wei ) le 。 xia mian ba an zhuang guo cheng he da jia fen xiang yi xia , yi mian geng duo ren xiang wo yi yang hua fei da liang de shi jian zai mo ming qi miao de wen ti shang 。 shou xian yao shuo ming de shi , guan fang ye you xiang ying de wen dang an zhuang dan shi shi ji guo cheng zhong , hui you yi xie wen ti xu yao jie jue 。 ben wen dang shen zhao le xiang guan shuo ming , zhi zai jie he ju ti huan jing shuo ming wen ti dan shui ping yuan yin ke neng huan shi mei you shuo ming bai , huan ying da jia ti yi jian 。Step1 an zhuang RH LINUX AS4 tu xing hua an zhuang , bi jiao jian dan , wei an zhuang ORACLE zhu yi a.SWAP fen qu yao she de zu gou da , zui hao zai 2G yi shang b. an zhuang bao han de bao yao zi xuan , kai fa bao zui hao dou gou shang Step2 jian cha ban ben he xu yao de gong ju bao gai bu fen ji ben mei shen me wen ti 。 uname -r // nei gai ban ben rpm -q gcc make binutils openmotif glibc // ji ben ruan jian bao , bi xu xu yao rpm -q gcc make binutils openmotif setarch compat-db compat-gcc openmotif compat-gcc-c++ compat-libstdc++ compat-libstdc++-devel // xiang guan wen dang ji zai xu yao jian cha zhe xie ruan jian bao , dan you xie shi mei you de , shi shi zheng ming ye que shi shi bu xu yao de 。 /****************************************** //RHEL AS 4 de fa xing zhu ji zhong ti dao zhe xie ruan jian bao yi jing bei shan chu : //compat-gcc//compat-gcc-c++//compat-glibc//compat-libstdc++//compat-libstdc++-devel // suo yi ta men zai ye bu xu yao bei an zhuang shang le 。 *********************************************/grep MemTotal /proc/meminfo // jian cha nei cun grep SwapTotal /proc/meminfo // jian cha jiao huan fen qu df -h // cha kan ying pan qing kuang Step3 zhen dui Oracle pei zhi Linux3.1 tian jia yong hu he zu , jian li mu lu // zhe ge guo cheng yi ban bu hui you wen ti groupadd osintall // tian jia zu groupadd dba // tian jia zu useradd -m -g oinstall -G dba oracle // tian jia yong hu id oracle // yan zheng passwd oracle // she zhi mi ma mkdir -p /u01/app/oracle // zhu mu lu mkdir -p /u02/oradata // shu ju ku wen jian mu lu chown -R oracle:osintall /u01/app/oracle/ /u02/oradata/ // mu lu guan xi chmod -R 755 /u01/app/oracle/ /u02/oradata/ // du xie quan xian she zhi 3.2 pei zhi Linux nei gai shen shu an zhao guan fang shuo ming , ying gai pei zhi ru xia shen shu : nei gai shen shu vi /etc/sysctl.conf // tian jia kernel.shmall = 2097152 kernel.shmmax = 2147483648 kernel.shmmni = 4096 kernel.sem = 250 32000 100 128 fs.file-max = 65536 net.ipv4.ip_local_port_range = 1024 65000 net.core.rmem_default = 262144 net.core.rmem_max = 262144 net.core.wmem_default = 262144 net.core.wmem_max = 262144// ran hou chong qi huo zhi xing yi xia ming ling shi shen shu sheng xiao /sbin/sysctl -p3.3 she zhi huan jing bian liang // yi oracle yong hu shen fen deng lu vi .bash_profile // tian jia export ORACLE_BASE = /u01/app/oracle export ORACLE_HOME =$ORACLE_BASE/product/102 export ORACLE_SID = BETAPATH=$PATH:$HOME/bin:$ORACLE_HOME/bin // xiu gai 3.4 wei yong hu she zhi Shell xian zhi /etc/security/limits.conf // tian jia oracle soft nproc 2047 oracle hard nproc 16384 oracle soft nofile 1024 oracle hard nofile 65536// deng lu yan zheng /etc/pam.d/login // tian jia session required pam_limits.so // wo fa xian jia le zhe ge yi hou xi tong ben ji wu fa deng lu , yong hu ming shu ru zheng que ta hui yao qiu ni zai shu ru , cuo wu shi ta hui bao cuo , qi guai de shi ke yi yuan cheng deng lu , suo yi hou lai mei you gai zhe ge shen shu //oracle yong hu mo ren jiao ben /etc/profile // tian jia if [ $USER = "oracle" ]; then if [ $SHELL = "/bin/ksh" ]; then ulimit -p 16384 ulimit -n 65536 else ulimit -u 16384 -n 65536 fi fi// zhi ci huan jing pei zhi wan cheng Step4 an zhuang Oralcegunzip 10201_database_linux_x86_64.cpio.gz // jie ya cpio -idmv < 10201_database_linux_x86_64.cpio // shi fang wen jian // zai tu xing hua mo shi xia ./runInstaller// gen ju xu yao an zhuang shu ju ku ruan jian // zai an zhuang cheng xu jian cha xi tong guo cheng zhong , yu dao cuo wu huo jing gao zui hao bu yao qiang xing an zhuang , zhao dao yuan yin , zhen dui jie jue 。 zui hou wo zhi hu lue le yi ge wang luo pei zhi jian cha de jing gao jiu ke an zhuang cheng gong 。// zai an zhuang guo cheng zhong dao linking shi , hui chu xian cuo wu Error in invoking target 'all_no_orcl' of makefile /opt/oracle/10.2.0/db_1/rdbms/lib/ins_rdbms.mk, shi you yu U2 de yi ge bao de wen ti , xu yao sheng ji bao binutils-2.15.92.0.2-15.0.0.0.2.x86_64.rpm, zai [url=http://oss.oracle.com/projects/compat-oracle/files/RedHat/]http://oss.oracle.com/projects/compat-oracle/files/RedHat/[/url] ke yi xia zai dao 。 shu ju ku xi tong an zhuang wan cheng hou , wo men ke yi jian li shu ju ku le // da kai zhong duan dbca // huan jing bian liang she zhi hao le ke yi zhi jie yong gai ming ling , fou ze jin ru xiang ying mu lu // xuan ze xiang ying xuan xiang , an zhuang shu ju ku // zai chuang jian shu ju ku guo cheng zhong , ru guo chu xian cuo wu ORA-12547: TNS:lost contact, ke neng shi you yu que shao bao libaio-0.3.103-3.x86_64.rpm, ke yi zai di 4 zhang an zhuang pan zhong zhao dao 。 dang ran gai cuo wu ye ke neng shi nei gai shen shu cuo wu huo zhe xi tong fan mang deng yin qi de :) kai shi kong zhi shu ju ku le lsnrctl startisqlplusctl startemctl start dbconsole jiu ke yi tong guo xiang guan wang ye he cheng xu cha kan shu ju ku yun xing qing kuang le an zhuang zhi hou ,ORACLE xia ci shi bu hui zi ji qi dong de , suo yi , xu yao she zhi zi ji qi dong . wo men ke yi 1. she zhi /etc/oratab rang zhi ding de shi li zi dong qi dong . yi root yong hu xiu gai oratab wen jian su – root vi /etc/oratab // jiang zui hou de N gai wei Y 2. jian dan de fu wu qi dong jiao ben : she zhi /etc/rc.local$ vi /etc/rc.local tian jia yi xia nei rong : su - oracle -c 'lsnrctl start' // rang jian ting qi dong qi lai su - oracle -c 'dbstart' // rang shu ju ku qi dong qi lai
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