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zai SUSE10 huan jing xia an zhuang he pei zhi MySQL shu ju ku

2008-06-01 03:27:39 编辑來源:互联网 评论
 
 
 
本文为【在SUSE10环境下安装和配置MySQL数据库】的拼音翻译版
  an zhuang MySQL
  jia she ni ba suo you bi xu de yuan ma huo zhe bao dou fang zai le /tmp xia 。 ru guo ni xia zai de shi RPM bao de hua , na bi jiao jian dan ; ru guo ni xia zai de shi er jin zhi bao ( ni mei you rpm cheng xu huo zhe ni xiang zi ding yi de hua ), na me hui shao wei ma fan yi dian 。
  RPM bao an zhuang
  ni bi xu shi yong root yong hu cai neng shi yong rpm an zhuang cheng xu , yi xia shi an zhuang guo cheng :
  $ cd /tmp
  $ su
  # rpm -Uvh MySQL*( an zhuang he MySQL xiang guan de suo you bao )
  zhe jiang an zhuang ni xia zai de suo you 3 ge MySQL bao 。 ru guo ni de xi tong shi SUSE Linux de hua , jian yi shi yong RPM an zhuang fang shi , yin wei suo you de gong zuo dou you rpm cheng xu bang ni gao hao le 。
  yuan ma an zhuang
  xiang dui yu yong RPM an zhuang lai jiang , yong er jin zhi yuan ma an zhuang shi shao wei ma fan le dian 。 dan shi wo men ke yi zai an zhuang jiao ben zhong ke yi zi ding yi an zhuang de xiang guan shen shu , er bu yong xiang rpm fang shi zhi neng an zhuang mo ren de lai an zhuang 。
  an zhuang er jin zhi yuan dai ma
  ru guo ni xia zai de shi er jin zhi yuan dai ma , ta de ming zi lei si yu : mysql-3.22.21-pc-linux-gnu-i686.tar.gz。 ni bi xu cheng wei root yong hu , ran hou jie ya dao /usr/local mu lu , cao zuo bu zhou ru xia :
  $ cd /usr/local
  $ su
  # tar -zxvf /tmp/mysql-3.22.21-pc-linux-gnu-i686.tar.gz
  zai suo you wen jian jie ya wan hou , yi ge ming zi jiao mysql-3.22.21-pc-linux-gnu-i686 de mu lu jiang bei chuang jian chu lai 。 wo men wei zhe ge mu lu zuo ge fu hao lian jie , bing gei ta yi ge geng you hao de ming zi mysql ( mian de jiao mysql-3.22.21-pc-linux-gnu-i686 zhe me chang ):
  # ln -s mysql-3.22.21-pc-linux-gnu-i686 mysql
  ru guo yi hou you xin ban ben de MySQL de hua , ni ke yi jin jin jiang yuan ma jie ya dao xin de lu jing , ran hou zhi xu yao zuo ge fu hao lian jie jiu ke yi le 。 zhe yang fei chang fang bian , shu ju ye geng jia an quan 。
  jian li yi ge MySQL yong hu
  hao , xian zai wo men jiang jian li yi ge neng yun xing MySQL shou hu cheng xu de yong hu zhang hao , bing qie suo you MySQL wen jian dou gui ci zhang hu yong you 。 shi yong Linuxconf huo zhe useradd ming ling qu tian jia yi ge jiao mysql de zhang hao , zai tian jia zhi qian , que bao mei you ren zhu ce le zhe ge zhang hu , huan yao zan shi jin zhi login gong neng ( bu guo yi ban dou shi zai mei you qi ta ren deng lu de qing kuang xia tiao shi ji qi , yin ci zhe ge bu zhou ke mian )
  wei MySQL zuo zhun bei
  shou xian rang wo men jiang MySQL mu lu he wen jian de yong you quan gai cheng mysql yong hu he root zu :
  # cd /usr/local
  # chown -R mysql:root mysql-3.22.21-pc-linux-gnu-i686 mysql
  ran hou yun xing yi ge xiao jiao ben cheng xu , yi jian li chu shi hua de MySQL shu ju ku 。 qing yi yi ge mysql yong hu de shen fen wan cheng zhe ge ren wu , zhe ye shi wo men neng gou zhi jie shi yong zhe ge zhang hu de wei yi ji hui 。
  # su mysql
  $ cd mysql
  $ scripts/mysql_install_db
  $ exit
  ru guo mei you ren he chu cuo xin xi xian shi de hua , na jiu ke yi le 。
  zi dong yun xing MySQL
  zai MySQL er jin zhi bao li mian , you yi ge jiao myslq.server de qi dong jiao ben cheng xu 。 ba ta fu zhi dao /etc/rc.d/init.d mu lu li mian :
  # cd /etc/rc.d/init.d
  # cp /usr/local/mysql/support-files/mysql.server mysql
  jie zhe ba ta de shu xing gai wei “x”(executable, ke zhi xing )
  # chmod +x mysql
  zui hou , yun xing chkconfig ba MySQL tian jia dao ni xi tong de qi dong fu wu zu li mian qu 。
  # /sbin/chkconfig --del mysql
  # /sbin/chkconfig --add mysql
  ce shi MySQL
  MySQL li mian you yi ge jian dan de shu ju ku li zi test , er qie ta de nei bu shu ju ku yi zhi bao chi dui quan xian he zhang hu de jian shi , yin er xian yun xing mysql kan kan shi fou ke yi gong zuo 。
  shou xian qi dong MySQL:
  # /etc/rc.d/init.d/mysql start
  ru guo yi qie zheng chang , ni jiang kan dao yi xia de xin xi chu xian :
  Starting mysqld daemon with databases from /var/lib/mysql
  ru guo ni an zhuang de shi RPM bao , na me cheng xu da dou an zhuang zai /usr/local/mysql/bin。 zai ci mu lu xia yun xing ke hu duan cheng xu :
  # mysql
  ran hou ni ke yi kan dao ping mu xian shi chu yi xia xin xi :
  Welcome to the MySQL monitor. Commands end with ; or \g.
  Your MySQL connection id is 2 to server version: 3.22.21
  Type 'help' for help.
  mysql>
  jie zhe , yong show databases ming ling ke yi jiang an zhuang de shu ju ku lie chu lai :
  mysql> show databases;
  ke yi kan dao :
  +----------+
  | Database |
  +----------+
  | mysql |
  | test |
  +----------+
  2 rows in set (0.00 sec)
  ru guo yi qie zheng chang de hua , na shuo ming MySQL ke yi wan quan gong zuo le ! gong xi ni ! ru guo yao tui chu cheng xu , shu ru :exit
  mysql> exit;
  Bye
  geng gai guan li yuan mi ma :
  zai yi qie zheng chang hou , yao zuo de di yi jian shi qing shi geng gai guan li yuan de mi ma 。 ni ke yi yun xing mysqladmin ( qing zhu yi , ci ming ling bu yi ding zai ni de path zhong , suo yi zui hao shi zhuan dao ci ming ling de mu lu zhong zhi jie zhi xing ):
  # mysqladmin -u root password newpassword
  ci ming ling ba root yong hu de kou ling bian cheng newpassword。 ni ke yi geng huan zhe ge kou ling , yin wei ta te bie rong yi bei po jie 。【原文】【汉音对照
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
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an zhuang MySQL jia she ni ba suo you bi xu de yuan ma huo zhe bao dou fang zai le /tmp xia 。 ru guo ni xia zai de shi RPM bao de hua , na bi jiao jian dan ; ru guo ni xia zai de shi er jin zhi bao ( ni mei you rpm cheng xu huo zhe ni xiang zi ding yi de hua ), na me hui shao wei ma fan yi dian 。 RPM bao an zhuang ni bi xu shi yong root yong hu cai neng shi yong rpm an zhuang cheng xu , yi xia shi an zhuang guo cheng : $ cd /tmp $ su # rpm -Uvh MySQL*( an zhuang he MySQL xiang guan de suo you bao ) zhe jiang an zhuang ni xia zai de suo you 3 ge MySQL bao 。 ru guo ni de xi tong shi SUSE Linux de hua , jian yi shi yong RPM an zhuang fang shi , yin wei suo you de gong zuo dou you rpm cheng xu bang ni gao hao le 。 yuan ma an zhuang xiang dui yu yong RPM an zhuang lai jiang , yong er jin zhi yuan ma an zhuang shi shao wei ma fan le dian 。 dan shi wo men ke yi zai an zhuang jiao ben zhong ke yi zi ding yi an zhuang de xiang guan shen shu , er bu yong xiang rpm fang shi zhi neng an zhuang mo ren de lai an zhuang 。 an zhuang er jin zhi yuan dai ma ru guo ni xia zai de shi er jin zhi yuan dai ma , ta de ming zi lei si yu : mysql-3.22.21-pc-linux-gnu-i686.tar.gz。 ni bi xu cheng wei root yong hu , ran hou jie ya dao /usr/local mu lu , cao zuo bu zhou ru xia : $ cd /usr/local $ su # tar -zxvf /tmp/mysql-3.22.21-pc-linux-gnu-i686.tar.gz zai suo you wen jian jie ya wan hou , yi ge ming zi jiao mysql-3.22.21-pc-linux-gnu-i686 de mu lu jiang bei chuang jian chu lai 。 wo men wei zhe ge mu lu zuo ge fu hao lian jie , bing gei ta yi ge geng you hao de ming zi mysql ( mian de jiao mysql-3.22.21-pc-linux-gnu-i686 zhe me chang ): # ln -s mysql-3.22.21-pc-linux-gnu-i686 mysql ru guo yi hou you xin ban ben de MySQL de hua , ni ke yi jin jin jiang yuan ma jie ya dao xin de lu jing , ran hou zhi xu yao zuo ge fu hao lian jie jiu ke yi le 。 zhe yang fei chang fang bian , shu ju ye geng jia an quan 。 jian li yi ge MySQL yong hu hao , xian zai wo men jiang jian li yi ge neng yun xing MySQL shou hu cheng xu de yong hu zhang hao , bing qie suo you MySQL wen jian dou gui ci zhang hu yong you 。 shi yong Linuxconf huo zhe useradd ming ling qu tian jia yi ge jiao mysql de zhang hao , zai tian jia zhi qian , que bao mei you ren zhu ce le zhe ge zhang hu , huan yao zan shi jin zhi login gong neng ( bu guo yi ban dou shi zai mei you qi ta ren deng lu de qing kuang xia tiao shi ji qi , yin ci zhe ge bu zhou ke mian ) wei MySQL zuo zhun bei shou xian rang wo men jiang MySQL mu lu he wen jian de yong you quan gai cheng mysql yong hu he root zu : # cd /usr/local # chown -R mysql:root mysql-3.22.21-pc-linux-gnu-i686 mysql ran hou yun xing yi ge xiao jiao ben cheng xu , yi jian li chu shi hua de MySQL shu ju ku 。 qing yi yi ge mysql yong hu de shen fen wan cheng zhe ge ren wu , zhe ye shi wo men neng gou zhi jie shi yong zhe ge zhang hu de wei yi ji hui 。 # su mysql $ cd mysql $ scripts/mysql_install_db $ exit ru guo mei you ren he chu cuo xin xi xian shi de hua , na jiu ke yi le 。 zi dong yun xing MySQL zai MySQL er jin zhi bao li mian , you yi ge jiao myslq.server de qi dong jiao ben cheng xu 。 ba ta fu zhi dao /etc/rc.d/init.d mu lu li mian : # cd /etc/rc.d/init.d # cp /usr/local/mysql/support-files/mysql.server mysql jie zhe ba ta de shu xing gai wei “x”(executable, ke zhi xing ) # chmod +x mysql zui hou , yun xing chkconfig ba MySQL tian jia dao ni xi tong de qi dong fu wu zu li mian qu 。 # /sbin/chkconfig --del mysql # /sbin/chkconfig --add mysql ce shi MySQL MySQL li mian you yi ge jian dan de shu ju ku li zi test , er qie ta de nei bu shu ju ku yi zhi bao chi dui quan xian he zhang hu de jian shi , yin er xian yun xing mysql kan kan shi fou ke yi gong zuo 。 shou xian qi dong MySQL: # /etc/rc.d/init.d/mysql start ru guo yi qie zheng chang , ni jiang kan dao yi xia de xin xi chu xian : Starting mysqld daemon with databases from /var/lib/mysql ru guo ni an zhuang de shi RPM bao , na me cheng xu da dou an zhuang zai /usr/local/mysql/bin。 zai ci mu lu xia yun xing ke hu duan cheng xu : # mysql ran hou ni ke yi kan dao ping mu xian shi chu yi xia xin xi : Welcome to the MySQL monitor. Commands end with ; or \g. Your MySQL connection id is 2 to server version: 3.22.21 Type 'help' for help. mysql> jie zhe , yong show databases ming ling ke yi jiang an zhuang de shu ju ku lie chu lai : mysql> show databases; ke yi kan dao : +----------+ | Database | +----------+ | mysql | | test | +----------+ 2 rows in set (0.00 sec) ru guo yi qie zheng chang de hua , na shuo ming MySQL ke yi wan quan gong zuo le ! gong xi ni ! ru guo yao tui chu cheng xu , shu ru :exit mysql> exit; Bye geng gai guan li yuan mi ma : zai yi qie zheng chang hou , yao zuo de di yi jian shi qing shi geng gai guan li yuan de mi ma 。 ni ke yi yun xing mysqladmin ( qing zhu yi , ci ming ling bu yi ding zai ni de path zhong , suo yi zui hao shi zhuan dao ci ming ling de mu lu zhong zhi jie zhi xing ): # mysqladmin -u root password newpassword ci ming ling ba root yong hu de kou ling bian cheng newpassword。 ni ke yi geng huan zhe ge kou ling , yin wei ta te bie rong yi bei po jie 。
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