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tou shi “ yu yan da zhan ”:C++ hu huan min jie shi jian

2008-06-01 02:10:55 编辑來源:互联网 评论
 
 
 
本文为【透视“语言大战”:C++呼唤敏捷实践】的拼音翻译版
  yi Linus Torvalds de yi fan yan lun wei dao huo suo , guo nei de ji shu bo ke men xian qi le yi chang bu da bu xiao de “ yu yan da zhan ”。 shi fou zhen ru Linux zhi fu suo shuo de na yang ,“C++ shi yi zhong zao gao de (horrible) yu yan 。 er qie yin wei you da liang bu gou biao zhun de cheng xu yuan zai shi yong er shi qing kuang geng zao , yi zhi yu ji qing yi chan sheng che tou che yi de la ji (total and utter crap)。” meng yan de qie shen jing yan po zhi de wan wei :
  wo zao zai N nian qian jiu fa xian zi ji xie cheng xu su du man , wo dang shi dui STL yuan bi si zhou ren shu xi , zhao li shuo chang ying zai shou , ying gai xiao lv hen gao cai dui 。 jie guo fa xian bu shi , xie cheng xu de shi hou fei fan mei zi xin , zong zai xiang :“ zhe yang gu ran shi ke yi work le , dan kong pa you geng hao de fang an ba , hui shi shen me ne ? jia ge mo ban shen shu shi shi ? yao me chou xiang chu yi ge ji lei ? zuo yi ge bridge mo shi ? na me Ownership de wen ti zen me jie jue ? shui lai fu ze hui shou nei cun ne ? yi zhi yi ge boost::shared_ptr guo lai ba ! ke duo xian cheng qing kuang xia hui bu hui tuo man su du ne ? ying gai bu hui , ke shi hui peng dao xun huan yin yong de qing kuang 。 yao me zai zhong jian gao yi ge weak_ptr ba xun huan lian duan kai ? ai ya bu xing bu xing , tai fu duo , bie ren ye li jie bu le 。 huan shi xian zhe yang ba , neng work jiu xing 。” jiu zhe yang , dou le yi ge quan zi hui lai 。 you de shi hou , zhe ge quan zi bu shi chun bai la tu shi de , wo hui zhen de shi xian bu shao “ you hua ” she ji lai bi dui , na ge shi jian a , hua hua de jiu hao zai li mian le 。
  ling yi wei zi shen de C++ cheng xu yuan liu wei peng ze zhe yang gan tan :
  qun zhong shi qing yi bei wu dao de , wo ye zeng jing shi 。 yi wei ba wo le geng duo de yu yan xi jie jiu geng niu , dan shi ji que shi na xie yu yan xi jie shi you ba jiu shi ping shi bian cheng yong dou yong bu dao de 。C++ zhong zhong duo de xi jie sui ran zai ku she ji zhe shou li mian you qi yong wu zhi di , dan pu tong cheng xu yuan ze gen ben wu xu guo duo guan zhu , you qi shi mei you shi ji dong ji de guan zhu 。 yi ban xing de bian ma shi jian zhun ze , yi ji ji ben de bian cheng neng li he ji ben gong , nai zhi ji ben de cheng xu she ji li lun yi ji suan fa she ji 。 cai shi zhen zheng xu yao hua shi jian ba wo de dong xi 。
  xian er yi jian , zai C++ zhe zhong yu yan shang , ren men tou ru le da liang jing li 、 zhuan xie le da liang tu shu he wen zhang lai guan zhu ta de yu yan xi jie , que dui zai zhen shi huan jing xia shi yong ta jie jue wen ti de zui jia shi jian chong shi bu zu 。 jia ru zhe huan bu gou zao gao de hua , bu fang zai kan kan C++ zai xiang mu ceng mian shang de zui jia shi jian —— ji hu mei you ren he cheng wen de zi liao cun zai 。 dang ling min shi jian dui yu Java、.NET、Ruby deng deng she qu de kai fa zhe zhu jian cheng wei chang shi shi ,C++ cheng xu yuan men huan yao hua da ba shi jian qu xue xi mo suo ru he xie yi ge hao de makefile、 ru he zu zhi zi ji de xiang mu mu lu jie gou , geng bu yong shuo chi xu ji cheng he ce shi qu dong kai fa le 。
  dan C++ tuan dui reng ran xu yao ling min shi jian 。 ju ji zhe de le jie , guo nei you duo jia cong shi dian xin 、 tie dao deng xing ye ying yong kai fa de IT qi ye yi jing tong gan que fa xiang mu zu zhi shou duan he zhi liang bao zheng shou duan dai lai de wen ti , bing xi wang tong guo yin ru ling min shi jian lai gai shan xiang mu zhi liang , ti gao gong zuo xiao lv 。 zai C++ xiang mu zhong yin ru ling min fang fa , zhi shao xu yao yi xia ji fang mian de zui jia shi jian zuo wei zhi cheng :
  · xiang mu zi dong hua : ru he zai make deng xian you gong ju de ji chu shang , tong guo he li de xiang mu zu zhi , shi xian xiang mu gou jian 、 ji cheng 、 ce shi de wan quan zi dong hua 。
  · ce shi qu dong kai fa : ru he yin ru yi CppUnit、CxxTest wei dai biao de dan yuan ce shi gong ju , bing yi ce shi qu dong gong neng dai ma de kai fa 。 zhe ge hua ti you ke yi yin shen chu liang ge fang mian :
  · mian xiang dui xiang she ji : zhen dui mou yi te ding ling yu de ruan jian ying yong , ru he jin xing he li you xiao de mian xiang dui xiang she ji , shi zhi you ke neng jin xing dan yuan ce shi ;
  ·mock: ru he wei C++ ying yong yin ru mock ji shu ( shen zhi shi IoC rong qi ), cong er jian hua dan yuan ce shi 。
  · chi xu ji cheng : ru he jia kuai ji cheng de pin lv , jiang C++ xiang mu yu xian you de chi xu ji cheng gong ju ( li ru CruiseControl) jie he qi lai , shi ji cheng zhuang tai cheng wei xiang mu jian kang qing kuang de chong yao biao shi xin xi 。
  · chong gou : ru he you xiao li yong xian you gong ju , dui gui mo jiao da de C++ cheng xu jin xing chong gou ; ru he bi mian shi yong dui chong gou gou cheng zhang ai de yu yan te xing 。
  zheng ru ji zhe suo zhi chu de ,C++ de ling min shi jian zheng zai ri yi shou dao xiang guan IT qi ye he kai fa tuan dui de chong shi , dan zhe fang mian de xi tong yan jiu he zi liao reng ran fei chang qian que , gei xi wang yin ru ling min shi jian de C++ tuan dui zao cheng le ju da de zhang ai 。 jing yan feng fu de C++ cheng xu yuan men jia ru tou ru geng duo de jing li lai tao lun he zong jie “ ru he yong C++ zuo hao yi ge xiang mu ”, hui gei zheng ge xing ye dai lai geng da de jia zhi 。【原文】【汉音对照
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
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   yi Linus Torvalds de yi fan yan lun wei dao huo suo , guo nei de ji shu bo ke men xian qi le yi chang bu da bu xiao de “ yu yan da zhan ”。 shi fou zhen ru Linux zhi fu suo shuo de na yang ,“C++ shi yi zhong zao gao de (horrible) yu yan 。 er qie yin wei you da liang bu gou biao zhun de cheng xu yuan zai shi yong er shi qing kuang geng zao , yi zhi yu ji qing yi chan sheng che tou che yi de la ji (total and utter crap)。” meng yan de qie shen jing yan po zhi de wan wei :    wo zao zai N nian qian jiu fa xian zi ji xie cheng xu su du man , wo dang shi dui STL yuan bi si zhou ren shu xi , zhao li shuo chang ying zai shou , ying gai xiao lv hen gao cai dui 。 jie guo fa xian bu shi , xie cheng xu de shi hou fei fan mei zi xin , zong zai xiang :“ zhe yang gu ran shi ke yi work le , dan kong pa you geng hao de fang an ba , hui shi shen me ne ? jia ge mo ban shen shu shi shi ? yao me chou xiang chu yi ge ji lei ? zuo yi ge bridge mo shi ? na me Ownership de wen ti zen me jie jue ? shui lai fu ze hui shou nei cun ne ? yi zhi yi ge boost::shared_ptr guo lai ba ! ke duo xian cheng qing kuang xia hui bu hui tuo man su du ne ? ying gai bu hui , ke shi hui peng dao xun huan yin yong de qing kuang 。 yao me zai zhong jian gao yi ge weak_ptr ba xun huan lian duan kai ? ai ya bu xing bu xing , tai fu duo , bie ren ye li jie bu le 。 huan shi xian zhe yang ba , neng work jiu xing 。” jiu zhe yang , dou le yi ge quan zi hui lai 。 you de shi hou , zhe ge quan zi bu shi chun bai la tu shi de , wo hui zhen de shi xian bu shao “ you hua ” she ji lai bi dui , na ge shi jian a , hua hua de jiu hao zai li mian le 。    ling yi wei zi shen de C++ cheng xu yuan liu wei peng ze zhe yang gan tan :    qun zhong shi qing yi bei wu dao de , wo ye zeng jing shi 。 yi wei ba wo le geng duo de yu yan xi jie jiu geng niu , dan shi ji que shi na xie yu yan xi jie shi you ba jiu shi ping shi bian cheng yong dou yong bu dao de 。C++ zhong zhong duo de xi jie sui ran zai ku she ji zhe shou li mian you qi yong wu zhi di , dan pu tong cheng xu yuan ze gen ben wu xu guo duo guan zhu , you qi shi mei you shi ji dong ji de guan zhu 。 yi ban xing de bian ma shi jian zhun ze , yi ji ji ben de bian cheng neng li he ji ben gong , nai zhi ji ben de cheng xu she ji li lun yi ji suan fa she ji 。 cai shi zhen zheng xu yao hua shi jian ba wo de dong xi 。    xian er yi jian , zai C++ zhe zhong yu yan shang , ren men tou ru le da liang jing li 、 zhuan xie le da liang tu shu he wen zhang lai guan zhu ta de yu yan xi jie , que dui zai zhen shi huan jing xia shi yong ta jie jue wen ti de zui jia shi jian chong shi bu zu 。 jia ru zhe huan bu gou zao gao de hua , bu fang zai kan kan C++ zai xiang mu ceng mian shang de zui jia shi jian —— ji hu mei you ren he cheng wen de zi liao cun zai 。 dang ling min shi jian dui yu Java、.NET、Ruby deng deng she qu de kai fa zhe zhu jian cheng wei chang shi shi ,C++ cheng xu yuan men huan yao hua da ba shi jian qu xue xi mo suo ru he xie yi ge hao de makefile、 ru he zu zhi zi ji de xiang mu mu lu jie gou , geng bu yong shuo chi xu ji cheng he ce shi qu dong kai fa le 。    dan C++ tuan dui reng ran xu yao ling min shi jian 。 ju ji zhe de le jie , guo nei you duo jia cong shi dian xin 、 tie dao deng xing ye ying yong kai fa de IT qi ye yi jing tong gan que fa xiang mu zu zhi shou duan he zhi liang bao zheng shou duan dai lai de wen ti , bing xi wang tong guo yin ru ling min shi jian lai gai shan xiang mu zhi liang , ti gao gong zuo xiao lv 。 zai C++ xiang mu zhong yin ru ling min fang fa , zhi shao xu yao yi xia ji fang mian de zui jia shi jian zuo wei zhi cheng :   · xiang mu zi dong hua : ru he zai make deng xian you gong ju de ji chu shang , tong guo he li de xiang mu zu zhi , shi xian xiang mu gou jian 、 ji cheng 、 ce shi de wan quan zi dong hua 。   · ce shi qu dong kai fa : ru he yin ru yi CppUnit、CxxTest wei dai biao de dan yuan ce shi gong ju , bing yi ce shi qu dong gong neng dai ma de kai fa 。 zhe ge hua ti you ke yi yin shen chu liang ge fang mian :   · mian xiang dui xiang she ji : zhen dui mou yi te ding ling yu de ruan jian ying yong , ru he jin xing he li you xiao de mian xiang dui xiang she ji , shi zhi you ke neng jin xing dan yuan ce shi ;   ·mock: ru he wei C++ ying yong yin ru mock ji shu ( shen zhi shi IoC rong qi ), cong er jian hua dan yuan ce shi 。   · chi xu ji cheng : ru he jia kuai ji cheng de pin lv , jiang C++ xiang mu yu xian you de chi xu ji cheng gong ju ( li ru CruiseControl) jie he qi lai , shi ji cheng zhuang tai cheng wei xiang mu jian kang qing kuang de chong yao biao shi xin xi 。   · chong gou : ru he you xiao li yong xian you gong ju , dui gui mo jiao da de C++ cheng xu jin xing chong gou ; ru he bi mian shi yong dui chong gou gou cheng zhang ai de yu yan te xing 。    zheng ru ji zhe suo zhi chu de ,C++ de ling min shi jian zheng zai ri yi shou dao xiang guan IT qi ye he kai fa tuan dui de chong shi , dan zhe fang mian de xi tong yan jiu he zi liao reng ran fei chang qian que , gei xi wang yin ru ling min shi jian de C++ tuan dui zao cheng le ju da de zhang ai 。 jing yan feng fu de C++ cheng xu yuan men jia ru tou ru geng duo de jing li lai tao lun he zong jie “ ru he yong C++ zuo hao yi ge xiang mu ”, hui gei zheng ge xing ye dai lai geng da de jia zhi 。
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