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gong neng feng fu de Perl

2008-05-19 06:25:36 编辑來源:互联网 评论
 
 
 
本文为【功能丰富的Perl】的拼音翻译版
  ben wen jiang jie shao xi tong guan li de liang ge bu tong ceng ci 。Unix Power Tools,Shelley Powers、Jerry Peek、Tim O'Reilly he Mike Loukides zhu , cai yong yi zhong jian dan yi du de fang shi jie shao le xi tong guan li de ji ben zhi shi , zhe dui yu xi tong guan li ren yuan lai shuo shi yi ben bi du shu ji 。Analytical Network and System Administration,Mark Burgess zhu , xiang na xie ju you jian shi de ji suan ji ke xue he shu xue li lun zhi shi de xi tong guan li yuan jie shao yi xie gao ji zhu ti 。 qing shen yue Ted Zlatanov de Cultured Perl xi lie zhuan lan wen zhang 。
  Unix Power Tools(UPT) di san ban you Shelley Powers、Jerry Peek、Tim O'Reilly he Loukides suo zhu ,Analytical Network and System Administration(ANSA) you Mark Burgess suo zhu , zhe liang ben shu dou shi jie shao xi tong guan li fang mian de nei rong , bu guo ta men suo she ji de ling yu bing bu xiang tong 。UPT zhuan zhu yu UNIX? fang mian de nei rong , jie shao de xiang dang xiang xi , dui yu xi tong guan li yuan lai shuo shi yi ben bi bu ke shao de du wu 。ANSA ze yu cao zuo xi tong he ping tai wu guan , ta fen xi de fei chang che di , zhu yao man zu na xie ju you ji suan ji ke xue li lun zhi shi he ji nian gao shu zhi shi bei jing de xi tong guan li yuan de xu yao 。
  ru guo nin ting qi lai jiao de ANSA shi yi ben fei chang ku zao de shu , na jiu dui le , ta de nei rong de que you xie ku zao 。UPT shi wei cong shi xi tong guan li gong zuo de suo you yong hu er bian xie de , bao kuo xin shou he ji shu ling xiu ; er ANSA ze shi wei da xue 3、4 nian ji de xue sheng bian xie de yi ben jiao ke shu , ye ke yi zuo wei yan jiu sheng jie duan de jiao cai 。
  zhu yi , dui yu mei guo zhi wai de du zhe lai shuo , ta men suo xue xi de da xue ke cheng ke neng hui you suo bu tong : zai mei guo , ji suan ji gong cheng he ke xue xue wei tong chang yao jing guo 4 nian de da xue xue xi cai neng huo de , ran hou ke yi ji xu gong du shuo shi he bo shi xue wei , zhe you xu yao 2 nian dao 6 nian de shi jian 。ANSA ke yi yong zuo da xue di san nian huo di si nian ke cheng de jiao cai 。
  sui ran zai zhe yang yi ge tong yong zhuan lan zhong ping lun ANSA zhe zhong shu you xie qi guai , dan shi sui zhe ben wen nei rong de bu duan shen ru , nin hui kan dao ANSA bing bu shi yi ben dian xing de jiao ke shu , dui yu xi tong guan li yuan lai shuo , ta shi ji shang shi yi ge chong yao de li cheng bei , dui zhe ge ling yu de hen duo nei rong dou jin xing le shen ru de fen xi 。ANSA yu UPT zhi jian de qu bie fei chang ming xian , zhe jiu shi wei shen me wo hui jiang ta men fang zai yi qi jin xing ping lun de yuan yin 。
  Unix Power Tools
  UPT shi yi ben ling ren kong bu de da kuai tou de shu 。 xian zai ta yi jing chu ban le di san ban , zhe zhi bu guo shi sui zhe shi jian de tui yi er geng xin yi xie nei rong er yi 。 bi jiao chen jiu de nei rong bei shan chu le , suo sheng xia de dou shi yi xie you yong de zui xin xin xi , ke yi li ji ying yong yu UNIX xi tong guan li 。 xia mian zhi shi dui mei bu fen nei rong de jian yao zong jie , zhe shi yin wei zai zhe yang yi ge zhuan lan zhong dui yi ben 1,000 ye zuo you de shu jin xing xiang xi zong jie shi bu ke neng de 。
  “Part I, Basic Unix Environment” shi dui UNIX shi jie de yi ge jian yao jie shao 。 zhe bu fen nei rong de jie shao bu duan bei yi xie duan wen da duan , yin ci xin shou ke neng hui fa xian hen nan gen shang gai shu de jin du 。 ben shu hou mian de jian duan zhang jie dou bu cuo , dan shi zai jian jie bu fen zhong , wo huan shi bi jiao xi huan you yi ge geng wei lian xu de jie shao 。 di 1 bu fen jie shao le UNIX de ji chu zhi shi : wen jian 、 jin cheng 、 yong hu he bang zhu xi tong 。
  “Part II, Customizing Your Environment” fei chang you qu 。 ru guo nin xi huan dui zi ji de xi tong jin xing ding zhi ( xi wang ru ci ), na me jiu ke yi zai zhe bu fen zhong zhao dao hen duo you qu de ji qiao 。 ke yi ding zhi ti shi fu 、 deng lu she zhi 、 zhong duan she zhi deng deng 。 dui yu ren he xi wang jin ru UNIX shi jie de yong hu lai shuo , zhe xie xin xi dou shi bi xu de , wo bao zheng nin ke yi zai zhe bu fen nei rong zhong zhao dao yi xie xin xian de dong xi 。
  “Part III, Working with Files and Directories” yu di 4 bu fen shi ben shu de gai xin 。 yong lai dui wen jian he mu lu jin xing cha kan 、 sou suo he cao zuo de suo you fang fa zai zhe li dou jin xing le jie shao 、 fen xi he jie shi 。 zhe bu fen zhong ye you yi xie duan wen : nin ke yi le jie yi xie te ding de ren wu , li ru “ zai dang qian mu lu zhong kuai su cha zhao wen jian ”。 tong chang , zhe xie duan wen zhi you ban ye dao liang ye pian fu , zhe dui yu jie shao ji qiao de duan wen lai shuo shi zui he shi de chang du 。
  “Part IV” nei rong de ji shu xing geng qiang , ta geng xiang xi jie shao you guan UNIX wen jian bian ji fang mian de nei rong 。Emacs he vi shi ci chu jie shao de liang ge zhu yao bian ji qi , huan jie shao le yi xie pi liang bian ji he “ fei che di ” bian ji de fang fa 。 you guan pai xu de bu fen dui yu na xie xu yao dui shu ju jin xing pai xu de yong hu lai shuo fei chang you yong ;UNIX zhong ji yu wen ben de pai xu gong ju suo ju you de you ya 、 su du he ling huo xing zu yi rang xian dai de GUI gong ju gan dao han yan 。
  cong “Part V, Processes and the Kernel” kai shi ,UPT jiu kai shi jie shao yi xie gao ji de ji shu le 。 jin guan zhe dui yu xin shou lai shuo kan qi lai you xie kong bu ( yao kai shi jie chu “ nei gai ” zhe ge kong bu de dan ci , dui yu bu cong shi ji shu gong zuo de xin shou lai shuo , zhe ge dan ci hen nan yin qi ta men dui ji shu ke wang de gong ming ), dan shi sui zhe xue xi de zhu jian shen ru , zhe xie zi liao bing bu nan li jie 。 zhi xing yi xia shu zhong gei chu de li zi , nin jiang fa xian you xie dong xi yuan lai shi ru ci jian dan 。 zai hou tai qi dong yi ge jin cheng , yi hou zai dui qi jin xing kong zhi , zhe hui rang nin dui UNIX you geng hao de ti yan 。
  “Part VI, Scripting” shi dui gao ji zhu ti de jie shao 。 nin jiang xue xi ru he bian xie jiao ben , cao zuo shell de li shi ji lu , yi ji ru he ti gao xiao lv 。 bi jing , ji suan ji de shi ming jiu shi rang wo men ke yi geng jia gao xiao di jin xing gong zuo ―― you shi ren men jing chang wang ji le zhe yi dian 。 yu ji yu jiao ben he wen ben de jie mian xiang bi , hen duo shi yong shu biao dian ji jie mian de xian dai GUI gong ju shi ji shang fang ai le wo men geng hao di wan cheng gong zuo 。GUI bing bu shi wei shi yong jiao ben jin xing chu li er bian xie de ( jin guan you yi xie li wai , dan shi GUI zhong de ren he si xiang dou ti xian le ren de yuan su , ji “ yong hu ”)。“ shu biao dian ji ” jiu yi wei zhe yong hu xu yao hua yi xie shi jian zai yi dong shu biao he dian ji shu biao shang 。 shi yong jiao ben lai zhi xing yi xi lie xiang guan cao zuo , wo men jiu bu xu yao zai jiang shi jian hua fei zai shi xian xiang tong cao zuo suo xu dian ji de ge ge an niu shang le 。 zhe jiu shi wei shen me zhe bu fen nei rong hui ru ci chong yao :UNIX de qiang da gong neng zai ben zhang zhong de dao le chong fen de ti xian , qian mian suo jie shao de suo you nei rong tong guo shi yong jiao ben rong he dao le yi qi 。
  zheng ze biao da shi he tong pei fu shi di 6 bu fen zhong dan du de liang jie nei rong 。 dui yu ben shu de suo you nei rong lai shuo , zhe liang bu fen nei rong dou fei chang chong yao , yin wei zheng ze biao da shi shi hen duo UNIX gong ju he suo you zhu liu shell zhong de yi bu fen 。 zhe liang jie de nei rong fei chang you yong , xie de ye fei chang hao , xin shang bing yue du ta ba 。
  jie xia lai shi “Part VII, Extending and Managing Your Environment”。 dao xian zai (787 ye ), nin de yan qian ke neng hui yi liang , dan shi zhe bu fen nei rong zhi shi yi xie jian duan de ji qiao , er bu shi lian guan de jie shao 。 zhe bu fen nei rong huan zheng shi jie shao le wen jian bei fen he gui dang yi ji Perl、Python de nei rong 。Perl he Python liang zhang de nei rong zhi shi gen ju xu yao jin xing le jian dan de jie shao , dan shi zhi shao ta men ke yi yin qi da jia de xing qu 。
  “Part VIII, Communication and Connectivity” shi da bu fen du zhe gan xing qu de 。 jin guan you guan I/O chong ding xiang he TCP/IP lian jie de bu fen dou fei chang you qu , dan shi dui yu na xie shang wei le jie UNIX nei gai de yong hu lai shuo , you guan UNIX she bei de nei rong ze ke neng shi tai shen ao nan dong le 。 lian jie dao Windows? shang you zhuan men yi jie jin xing jie shao , zhe bu fen jie shao fei chang bu cuo , dan que bu gou xiang xi 。 xian zai ben shu suo cai yong de mo shi shi zhi dui yi xie gao ji zhu ti jin xing jian yao jie shao , er bu xiang xi jin xing shuo ming ; xiang xi jie shao shi bu ke neng de , fou ze zhe ben shu zao jiu chao guo 1,000 ye le 。 wo men ke yi kao lv zai zhe ben shu zhong le jie yi xie ji chu zhi shi , ran hou zai cong yi xie dan du de shu ji he Web shang de jiao cheng lai le jie geng duo nei rong 。
  “Part IX, Security” shi ben shu zui hou jie shao de zhu ti 。 zhe bu fen nei rong jie shao de fei chang xiang xi , er qie fei chang you yong 。 you guan SSH de zhang jie you qi you yong , wo bao zheng nin zai ci chu yue du de mei zhang nei rong dou hui ji da ti gao zi ji de UNIX zhi shi 。
  Analytical Network and System Administration
  Mark Burgess you yu bian xie le Cfengine er bian de fei chang you ming ,Cfengine shi yi ge ling ren kong bu de xi tong guan li gong ju 。 ta zhuan xie de shu ji he wen zhang you hen duo ,ANSA jiu shi you guan xi tong guan li zhu ti de yi ben fei chang hao de jiao ke shu 。
  ANSA de ji ben qian ti shi , dui yu ji suan ji xi tong de fen xi ying gai xiang yan jiu wu li he hua xue xi tong yi yang yan ge dui dai 。 zhe shi yi ge jian dan de si xiang , dan ling ren chi jing de shi , zai ru jin de ji suan ji ling yu zhong que hen shao bei ti ji , zhe ge ling yu xi huan cai yong qi fa shi ( ji “ jiao yu cai xiang ”) fang fa 。 shang mian suo ping lun de UPT jiu shi dui xi tong guan li yuan jin xing ju li shuo ming shi jiao yu de yi ge hen hao li zi ; jin guan zhe zhong fang fa mei shen me cuo , dan shi ren he ti gao dou shi zhu jian lei ji de , er bu xiang ANSA cai yong de fang fa na yang xi tong hua 。
  cong di 3、4 zhang kai shi jie shao fu li ye (Fourier) fen xi he tong ji qi , jiu shuo ming yue du ben shu sheng xia de nei rong xu yao ju you da xue cheng du de shu xue bei jing zhi shi 。 dao xian zai wei zhi , di 1 zhang dao di 4 zhang jie shao le yi xie tong yong de ke xue fang fa 、 shi yan he guan ce , yi ji yi xie jian dan de xi tong he ding yi 。
  di 5 zhang jie shao le you guan ji he 、 zhuang tai he luo ji de nei rong , jie shi le ru he jiang pei zhi yang she cheng xi tong zhuang tai ; dui xi tong de xiu gai ru he yang she cheng zhe xie zhuang tai zhi jian de zhuan huan 。 zhe ge gai nian zai ANSA zhong bian de yue lai yue chong yao , dui yu li jie cfengine ruan jian ye fei chang you yong 。
  di 6 zhang tao lun le you guan tu de nei rong 。 jin guan zhe kan qi lai yu ji suan ji xi tong de shu xue fen xi mei you tai da guan xi , dan shi dui yu si kao zhe xie wen ti lai shuo , zhe shi fei chang you yong de yi zhong fang fa , er qie ye shi dao mu qian wei zhi zui hao de yi zhong fang fa 。 lian tong xing 、 zui da tong lu he zui xiao tong lu yi ji qi ta tu he ju zhen de gai nian zai ben zhang zhong dou jin xing le jie shao 。
  zai di 7 zhang he di 8 zhang zhong , jin yi bu jie shao le jiang xi tong pei zhi zuo wei zhuang tai jin xing chu li de gai nian 。 chong fu ti dao de yi ge guan jian zi shi “ bian hua ” ―― zai ji suan ji xi tong zhong , mei you shen me dong xi yong yuan shi jing tai de ( chu fei nin jiang mou bu fen ba chu xi tong ), yin ci ying yong bian hua dui yu wei hu xi tong de wen ding zhuang tai shi hen guan jian de 。
  di 9 zhang tao lun le you guan xin xi de nei rong 。 ben zhang jie shao le xin xi liu 、 xin xi de ya suo he Shannon fa ze 。 zai zui da shang fen bu zhong you zhe xie gai nian de yi xie ying yong , zhe gao su wo men ru he gen ju Boltzmann fen bu gou jian “ zui xiao ju ji ” wang luo 。 zhe zhong wang luo de dan dian gu zhang jiao shao , dang ran zhe ye zheng shi ta de shi jian yi yi suo zai 。
  di 10 zhang jie shao de shi you guan wen ding xing de nei rong 。 zhe zai hen duo xi tong guan li cheng xu zhong dou shi yi ge fei chang chong yao de gai nian 。 tu zhong de wen ding yu ( ji zhu xi tong pei zhi ke yi biao shi cheng zhuang tai ji tu zhong de jie dian ) zai ci chu ye jin xing le jie shao 。 chu le wei hu xi tong wen ding xing de fang fa , huan jie shao le sui ji jie dian shan chu de wen ti , yi ji xi tong yong lai fang zhi zhe zhong qing kuang de fang fa 。10.10 jie zhong de Hurst zhi shu ke yi pan ding xi tong zai shen suo shi shi fou shi wen ding de ―― ji , xi tong de xing wei shi yi lai yu zui jin de shi jian , huan shi chang qi yi lai de shi jian 。 li ru , zhe zai fen xi Web fu wu de liu liang shi jiu fei chang you yong 。
  di 11 zhang he di 12 zhang jie shao le zi yuan wang luo he ren wu guan li de nei rong 。 zhe liang zhang zhong de fen xi suo she ji de shi xi tong de xing neng he xiang ying neng li 。
  di 13 zhang you li kai le fen xi de zhu ti , ta gei chu le yi xie you guan xi tong ti xi jie gou de ding yi 。 ran hou di 14 zhang tao lun le xi tong de biao zhun hua , zhe zhu yao shi tong guo jiang di yi lai xing lai xun zhao jiang di xi tong fu duo xing de fang fa 。
  di 15 zhang tao lun le xi tong de wan zheng xing 。Cfengine de gai xin suan fa zai 15.2.2 jie zhong jin xing le jie shao : jian dan di shuo , zhi yao cao zuo shi ke shou lian qie ke qu dai de , na me N ci zhi xing N ge cao zuo jiu ke yi shou lian yu yi ge yu qi zhuang tai 。 zhe shi Cfengine zhe xue zhong chong yao de yi tiao fa ze : fan fu ying yong yi xie wei xiao bian hua , zhi dao xi tong shou lian yu yi ge wen ding de yu qi zhuang tai wei zhi 。
  zai di 16 zhang dao di 18 zhang zhong , jie shao le xi tong wei hu 、 bo dong he gu zhang fang mian de nei rong 。 zhe san zhang jie shao le gu zhang shu 、 zhi shi du ( ying yong Bayes fa ze ) he yi xie tong yong de wen ti : shen me qing kuang hui dao zhi gu zhang , ru he le jie zhe xie gu zhang 。
  di 19 zhang jie shao de shi you guan jue ce he ce lue de wen ti : li ru , zai xi tong guan li yuan he gong ji zhe zhi jian de dui kang you xi zhong , huo sheng de ce lue shi shen me ?Nash yun heng shi zai 19.8 jie zhong kai shi jie shao de yi zhong ji shu , ran hou you cong ji suan ji xi tong de jiao du xiang xi jin xing le fen xi , bing gei chu le ji ge li zi 。
  jie shu yu
  UPT dui yu ren he UNIX yong hu lai shuo dou shi yi ben hao shu , bu guan nin shi xin shou huan shi zhuan jia 。 wo re qie di xiang nin tui jian ben shu 。
  ANSA dui yu xi tong guan li li lun lai shuo shi yi ben kong bu de shu ji 。 ta you hen duo shi ji ying yong , yin wei ta suo qiang tiao de shi ji suan ji wei hu he fen xi de li lun ji chu 。 ru guo nin dui xi tong guan li de shou lian fang fa gan xing qu , qing zai yue du ANSA zhi qian le jie yi xia Cfengine ruan jian , zhe yang jiu ke yi geng hao di li jie ANSA de nei rong 。
  guan yu zuo zhe
  
王朝网络

  
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  Teodor Zlatanov yu 1999 nian bi ye yu bo shi dun da xue ji suan ji gong cheng xi , huo de le shuo shi xue wei 。 ta zuo cheng xu yuan zhe fen gong zuo cong 1992 nian jiu kai shi le , shi yong guo Perl、Java、C he C++。 ta de xing qu shi yong yu wen ben yu fa fen xi de kai fang yuan ma 、3 ceng ke hu ji / fu wu qi shu ju ku ti xi jie gou 、Unix xi tong guan li 、CORBA he xiang mu guan li 。
  【原文】【汉音对照
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
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   ben wen jiang jie shao xi tong guan li de liang ge bu tong ceng ci 。Unix Power Tools,Shelley Powers、Jerry Peek、Tim O'Reilly he Mike Loukides zhu , cai yong yi zhong jian dan yi du de fang shi jie shao le xi tong guan li de ji ben zhi shi , zhe dui yu xi tong guan li ren yuan lai shuo shi yi ben bi du shu ji 。Analytical Network and System Administration,Mark Burgess zhu , xiang na xie ju you jian shi de ji suan ji ke xue he shu xue li lun zhi shi de xi tong guan li yuan jie shao yi xie gao ji zhu ti 。 qing shen yue Ted Zlatanov de Cultured Perl xi lie zhuan lan wen zhang 。   Unix Power Tools(UPT) di san ban you Shelley Powers、Jerry Peek、Tim O'Reilly he Loukides suo zhu ,Analytical Network and System Administration(ANSA) you Mark Burgess suo zhu , zhe liang ben shu dou shi jie shao xi tong guan li fang mian de nei rong , bu guo ta men suo she ji de ling yu bing bu xiang tong 。UPT zhuan zhu yu UNIX? fang mian de nei rong , jie shao de xiang dang xiang xi , dui yu xi tong guan li yuan lai shuo shi yi ben bi bu ke shao de du wu 。ANSA ze yu cao zuo xi tong he ping tai wu guan , ta fen xi de fei chang che di , zhu yao man zu na xie ju you ji suan ji ke xue li lun zhi shi he ji nian gao shu zhi shi bei jing de xi tong guan li yuan de xu yao 。    ru guo nin ting qi lai jiao de ANSA shi yi ben fei chang ku zao de shu , na jiu dui le , ta de nei rong de que you xie ku zao 。UPT shi wei cong shi xi tong guan li gong zuo de suo you yong hu er bian xie de , bao kuo xin shou he ji shu ling xiu ; er ANSA ze shi wei da xue 3、4 nian ji de xue sheng bian xie de yi ben jiao ke shu , ye ke yi zuo wei yan jiu sheng jie duan de jiao cai 。    zhu yi , dui yu mei guo zhi wai de du zhe lai shuo , ta men suo xue xi de da xue ke cheng ke neng hui you suo bu tong : zai mei guo , ji suan ji gong cheng he ke xue xue wei tong chang yao jing guo 4 nian de da xue xue xi cai neng huo de , ran hou ke yi ji xu gong du shuo shi he bo shi xue wei , zhe you xu yao 2 nian dao 6 nian de shi jian 。ANSA ke yi yong zuo da xue di san nian huo di si nian ke cheng de jiao cai 。    sui ran zai zhe yang yi ge tong yong zhuan lan zhong ping lun ANSA zhe zhong shu you xie qi guai , dan shi sui zhe ben wen nei rong de bu duan shen ru , nin hui kan dao ANSA bing bu shi yi ben dian xing de jiao ke shu , dui yu xi tong guan li yuan lai shuo , ta shi ji shang shi yi ge chong yao de li cheng bei , dui zhe ge ling yu de hen duo nei rong dou jin xing le shen ru de fen xi 。ANSA yu UPT zhi jian de qu bie fei chang ming xian , zhe jiu shi wei shen me wo hui jiang ta men fang zai yi qi jin xing ping lun de yuan yin 。   Unix Power Tools   UPT shi yi ben ling ren kong bu de da kuai tou de shu 。 xian zai ta yi jing chu ban le di san ban , zhe zhi bu guo shi sui zhe shi jian de tui yi er geng xin yi xie nei rong er yi 。 bi jiao chen jiu de nei rong bei shan chu le , suo sheng xia de dou shi yi xie you yong de zui xin xin xi , ke yi li ji ying yong yu UNIX xi tong guan li 。 xia mian zhi shi dui mei bu fen nei rong de jian yao zong jie , zhe shi yin wei zai zhe yang yi ge zhuan lan zhong dui yi ben 1,000 ye zuo you de shu jin xing xiang xi zong jie shi bu ke neng de 。   “Part I, Basic Unix Environment” shi dui UNIX shi jie de yi ge jian yao jie shao 。 zhe bu fen nei rong de jie shao bu duan bei yi xie duan wen da duan , yin ci xin shou ke neng hui fa xian hen nan gen shang gai shu de jin du 。 ben shu hou mian de jian duan zhang jie dou bu cuo , dan shi zai jian jie bu fen zhong , wo huan shi bi jiao xi huan you yi ge geng wei lian xu de jie shao 。 di 1 bu fen jie shao le UNIX de ji chu zhi shi : wen jian 、 jin cheng 、 yong hu he bang zhu xi tong 。   “Part II, Customizing Your Environment” fei chang you qu 。 ru guo nin xi huan dui zi ji de xi tong jin xing ding zhi ( xi wang ru ci ), na me jiu ke yi zai zhe bu fen zhong zhao dao hen duo you qu de ji qiao 。 ke yi ding zhi ti shi fu 、 deng lu she zhi 、 zhong duan she zhi deng deng 。 dui yu ren he xi wang jin ru UNIX shi jie de yong hu lai shuo , zhe xie xin xi dou shi bi xu de , wo bao zheng nin ke yi zai zhe bu fen nei rong zhong zhao dao yi xie xin xian de dong xi 。   “Part III, Working with Files and Directories” yu di 4 bu fen shi ben shu de gai xin 。 yong lai dui wen jian he mu lu jin xing cha kan 、 sou suo he cao zuo de suo you fang fa zai zhe li dou jin xing le jie shao 、 fen xi he jie shi 。 zhe bu fen zhong ye you yi xie duan wen : nin ke yi le jie yi xie te ding de ren wu , li ru “ zai dang qian mu lu zhong kuai su cha zhao wen jian ”。 tong chang , zhe xie duan wen zhi you ban ye dao liang ye pian fu , zhe dui yu jie shao ji qiao de duan wen lai shuo shi zui he shi de chang du 。   “Part IV” nei rong de ji shu xing geng qiang , ta geng xiang xi jie shao you guan UNIX wen jian bian ji fang mian de nei rong 。Emacs he vi shi ci chu jie shao de liang ge zhu yao bian ji qi , huan jie shao le yi xie pi liang bian ji he “ fei che di ” bian ji de fang fa 。 you guan pai xu de bu fen dui yu na xie xu yao dui shu ju jin xing pai xu de yong hu lai shuo fei chang you yong ;UNIX zhong ji yu wen ben de pai xu gong ju suo ju you de you ya 、 su du he ling huo xing zu yi rang xian dai de GUI gong ju gan dao han yan 。    cong “Part V, Processes and the Kernel” kai shi ,UPT jiu kai shi jie shao yi xie gao ji de ji shu le 。 jin guan zhe dui yu xin shou lai shuo kan qi lai you xie kong bu ( yao kai shi jie chu “ nei gai ” zhe ge kong bu de dan ci , dui yu bu cong shi ji shu gong zuo de xin shou lai shuo , zhe ge dan ci hen nan yin qi ta men dui ji shu ke wang de gong ming ), dan shi sui zhe xue xi de zhu jian shen ru , zhe xie zi liao bing bu nan li jie 。 zhi xing yi xia shu zhong gei chu de li zi , nin jiang fa xian you xie dong xi yuan lai shi ru ci jian dan 。 zai hou tai qi dong yi ge jin cheng , yi hou zai dui qi jin xing kong zhi , zhe hui rang nin dui UNIX you geng hao de ti yan 。   “Part VI, Scripting” shi dui gao ji zhu ti de jie shao 。 nin jiang xue xi ru he bian xie jiao ben , cao zuo shell de li shi ji lu , yi ji ru he ti gao xiao lv 。 bi jing , ji suan ji de shi ming jiu shi rang wo men ke yi geng jia gao xiao di jin xing gong zuo ―― you shi ren men jing chang wang ji le zhe yi dian 。 yu ji yu jiao ben he wen ben de jie mian xiang bi , hen duo shi yong shu biao dian ji jie mian de xian dai GUI gong ju shi ji shang fang ai le wo men geng hao di wan cheng gong zuo 。GUI bing bu shi wei shi yong jiao ben jin xing chu li er bian xie de ( jin guan you yi xie li wai , dan shi GUI zhong de ren he si xiang dou ti xian le ren de yuan su , ji “ yong hu ”)。“ shu biao dian ji ” jiu yi wei zhe yong hu xu yao hua yi xie shi jian zai yi dong shu biao he dian ji shu biao shang 。 shi yong jiao ben lai zhi xing yi xi lie xiang guan cao zuo , wo men jiu bu xu yao zai jiang shi jian hua fei zai shi xian xiang tong cao zuo suo xu dian ji de ge ge an niu shang le 。 zhe jiu shi wei shen me zhe bu fen nei rong hui ru ci chong yao :UNIX de qiang da gong neng zai ben zhang zhong de dao le chong fen de ti xian , qian mian suo jie shao de suo you nei rong tong guo shi yong jiao ben rong he dao le yi qi 。    zheng ze biao da shi he tong pei fu shi di 6 bu fen zhong dan du de liang jie nei rong 。 dui yu ben shu de suo you nei rong lai shuo , zhe liang bu fen nei rong dou fei chang chong yao , yin wei zheng ze biao da shi shi hen duo UNIX gong ju he suo you zhu liu shell zhong de yi bu fen 。 zhe liang jie de nei rong fei chang you yong , xie de ye fei chang hao , xin shang bing yue du ta ba 。    jie xia lai shi “Part VII, Extending and Managing Your Environment”。 dao xian zai (787 ye ), nin de yan qian ke neng hui yi liang , dan shi zhe bu fen nei rong zhi shi yi xie jian duan de ji qiao , er bu shi lian guan de jie shao 。 zhe bu fen nei rong huan zheng shi jie shao le wen jian bei fen he gui dang yi ji Perl、Python de nei rong 。Perl he Python liang zhang de nei rong zhi shi gen ju xu yao jin xing le jian dan de jie shao , dan shi zhi shao ta men ke yi yin qi da jia de xing qu 。   “Part VIII, Communication and Connectivity” shi da bu fen du zhe gan xing qu de 。 jin guan you guan I/O chong ding xiang he TCP/IP lian jie de bu fen dou fei chang you qu , dan shi dui yu na xie shang wei le jie UNIX nei gai de yong hu lai shuo , you guan UNIX she bei de nei rong ze ke neng shi tai shen ao nan dong le 。 lian jie dao Windows? shang you zhuan men yi jie jin xing jie shao , zhe bu fen jie shao fei chang bu cuo , dan que bu gou xiang xi 。 xian zai ben shu suo cai yong de mo shi shi zhi dui yi xie gao ji zhu ti jin xing jian yao jie shao , er bu xiang xi jin xing shuo ming ; xiang xi jie shao shi bu ke neng de , fou ze zhe ben shu zao jiu chao guo 1,000 ye le 。 wo men ke yi kao lv zai zhe ben shu zhong le jie yi xie ji chu zhi shi , ran hou zai cong yi xie dan du de shu ji he Web shang de jiao cheng lai le jie geng duo nei rong 。   “Part IX, Security” shi ben shu zui hou jie shao de zhu ti 。 zhe bu fen nei rong jie shao de fei chang xiang xi , er qie fei chang you yong 。 you guan SSH de zhang jie you qi you yong , wo bao zheng nin zai ci chu yue du de mei zhang nei rong dou hui ji da ti gao zi ji de UNIX zhi shi 。   Analytical Network and System Administration   Mark Burgess you yu bian xie le Cfengine er bian de fei chang you ming ,Cfengine shi yi ge ling ren kong bu de xi tong guan li gong ju 。 ta zhuan xie de shu ji he wen zhang you hen duo ,ANSA jiu shi you guan xi tong guan li zhu ti de yi ben fei chang hao de jiao ke shu 。   ANSA de ji ben qian ti shi , dui yu ji suan ji xi tong de fen xi ying gai xiang yan jiu wu li he hua xue xi tong yi yang yan ge dui dai 。 zhe shi yi ge jian dan de si xiang , dan ling ren chi jing de shi , zai ru jin de ji suan ji ling yu zhong que hen shao bei ti ji , zhe ge ling yu xi huan cai yong qi fa shi ( ji “ jiao yu cai xiang ”) fang fa 。 shang mian suo ping lun de UPT jiu shi dui xi tong guan li yuan jin xing ju li shuo ming shi jiao yu de yi ge hen hao li zi ; jin guan zhe zhong fang fa mei shen me cuo , dan shi ren he ti gao dou shi zhu jian lei ji de , er bu xiang ANSA cai yong de fang fa na yang xi tong hua 。    cong di 3、4 zhang kai shi jie shao fu li ye (Fourier) fen xi he tong ji qi , jiu shuo ming yue du ben shu sheng xia de nei rong xu yao ju you da xue cheng du de shu xue bei jing zhi shi 。 dao xian zai wei zhi , di 1 zhang dao di 4 zhang jie shao le yi xie tong yong de ke xue fang fa 、 shi yan he guan ce , yi ji yi xie jian dan de xi tong he ding yi 。    di 5 zhang jie shao le you guan ji he 、 zhuang tai he luo ji de nei rong , jie shi le ru he jiang pei zhi yang she cheng xi tong zhuang tai ; dui xi tong de xiu gai ru he yang she cheng zhe xie zhuang tai zhi jian de zhuan huan 。 zhe ge gai nian zai ANSA zhong bian de yue lai yue chong yao , dui yu li jie cfengine ruan jian ye fei chang you yong 。    di 6 zhang tao lun le you guan tu de nei rong 。 jin guan zhe kan qi lai yu ji suan ji xi tong de shu xue fen xi mei you tai da guan xi , dan shi dui yu si kao zhe xie wen ti lai shuo , zhe shi fei chang you yong de yi zhong fang fa , er qie ye shi dao mu qian wei zhi zui hao de yi zhong fang fa 。 lian tong xing 、 zui da tong lu he zui xiao tong lu yi ji qi ta tu he ju zhen de gai nian zai ben zhang zhong dou jin xing le jie shao 。    zai di 7 zhang he di 8 zhang zhong , jin yi bu jie shao le jiang xi tong pei zhi zuo wei zhuang tai jin xing chu li de gai nian 。 chong fu ti dao de yi ge guan jian zi shi “ bian hua ” ―― zai ji suan ji xi tong zhong , mei you shen me dong xi yong yuan shi jing tai de ( chu fei nin jiang mou bu fen ba chu xi tong ), yin ci ying yong bian hua dui yu wei hu xi tong de wen ding zhuang tai shi hen guan jian de 。    di 9 zhang tao lun le you guan xin xi de nei rong 。 ben zhang jie shao le xin xi liu 、 xin xi de ya suo he Shannon fa ze 。 zai zui da shang fen bu zhong you zhe xie gai nian de yi xie ying yong , zhe gao su wo men ru he gen ju Boltzmann fen bu gou jian “ zui xiao ju ji ” wang luo 。 zhe zhong wang luo de dan dian gu zhang jiao shao , dang ran zhe ye zheng shi ta de shi jian yi yi suo zai 。    di 10 zhang jie shao de shi you guan wen ding xing de nei rong 。 zhe zai hen duo xi tong guan li cheng xu zhong dou shi yi ge fei chang chong yao de gai nian 。 tu zhong de wen ding yu ( ji zhu xi tong pei zhi ke yi biao shi cheng zhuang tai ji tu zhong de jie dian ) zai ci chu ye jin xing le jie shao 。 chu le wei hu xi tong wen ding xing de fang fa , huan jie shao le sui ji jie dian shan chu de wen ti , yi ji xi tong yong lai fang zhi zhe zhong qing kuang de fang fa 。10.10 jie zhong de Hurst zhi shu ke yi pan ding xi tong zai shen suo shi shi fou shi wen ding de ―― ji , xi tong de xing wei shi yi lai yu zui jin de shi jian , huan shi chang qi yi lai de shi jian 。 li ru , zhe zai fen xi Web fu wu de liu liang shi jiu fei chang you yong 。    di 11 zhang he di 12 zhang jie shao le zi yuan wang luo he ren wu guan li de nei rong 。 zhe liang zhang zhong de fen xi suo she ji de shi xi tong de xing neng he xiang ying neng li 。    di 13 zhang you li kai le fen xi de zhu ti , ta gei chu le yi xie you guan xi tong ti xi jie gou de ding yi 。 ran hou di 14 zhang tao lun le xi tong de biao zhun hua , zhe zhu yao shi tong guo jiang di yi lai xing lai xun zhao jiang di xi tong fu duo xing de fang fa 。    di 15 zhang tao lun le xi tong de wan zheng xing 。Cfengine de gai xin suan fa zai 15.2.2 jie zhong jin xing le jie shao : jian dan di shuo , zhi yao cao zuo shi ke shou lian qie ke qu dai de , na me N ci zhi xing N ge cao zuo jiu ke yi shou lian yu yi ge yu qi zhuang tai 。 zhe shi Cfengine zhe xue zhong chong yao de yi tiao fa ze : fan fu ying yong yi xie wei xiao bian hua , zhi dao xi tong shou lian yu yi ge wen ding de yu qi zhuang tai wei zhi 。    zai di 16 zhang dao di 18 zhang zhong , jie shao le xi tong wei hu 、 bo dong he gu zhang fang mian de nei rong 。 zhe san zhang jie shao le gu zhang shu 、 zhi shi du ( ying yong Bayes fa ze ) he yi xie tong yong de wen ti : shen me qing kuang hui dao zhi gu zhang , ru he le jie zhe xie gu zhang 。    di 19 zhang jie shao de shi you guan jue ce he ce lue de wen ti : li ru , zai xi tong guan li yuan he gong ji zhe zhi jian de dui kang you xi zhong , huo sheng de ce lue shi shen me ?Nash yun heng shi zai 19.8 jie zhong kai shi jie shao de yi zhong ji shu , ran hou you cong ji suan ji xi tong de jiao du xiang xi jin xing le fen xi , bing gei chu le ji ge li zi 。    jie shu yu   UPT dui yu ren he UNIX yong hu lai shuo dou shi yi ben hao shu , bu guan nin shi xin shou huan shi zhuan jia 。 wo re qie di xiang nin tui jian ben shu 。   ANSA dui yu xi tong guan li li lun lai shuo shi yi ben kong bu de shu ji 。 ta you hen duo shi ji ying yong , yin wei ta suo qiang tiao de shi ji suan ji wei hu he fen xi de li lun ji chu 。 ru guo nin dui xi tong guan li de shou lian fang fa gan xing qu , qing zai yue du ANSA zhi qian le jie yi xia Cfengine ruan jian , zhe yang jiu ke yi geng hao di li jie ANSA de nei rong 。    guan yu zuo zhe            [url=http://www.wangchao.net.cn/bbs/pydetail_1476905.html][img]http://images.wangchao.net.cn/images/upload/images/lsdn/1211149534992.gif[/img][/url]         [url=http://www.wangchao.net.cn/bbs/pydetail_1476905.html][img]http://images.wangchao.net.cn/images/upload/images/lsdn/1211149535102.gif[/img][/url]   [url=http://www.wangchao.net.cn/bbs/pydetail_1476905.html][img]http://images.wangchao.net.cn/images/upload/images/lsdn/1211149536680.gif[/img][/url]      Teodor Zlatanov yu 1999 nian bi ye yu bo shi dun da xue ji suan ji gong cheng xi , huo de le shuo shi xue wei 。 ta zuo cheng xu yuan zhe fen gong zuo cong 1992 nian jiu kai shi le , shi yong guo Perl、Java、C he C++。 ta de xing qu shi yong yu wen ben yu fa fen xi de kai fang yuan ma 、3 ceng ke hu ji / fu wu qi shu ju ku ti xi jie gou 、Unix xi tong guan li 、CORBA he xiang mu guan li 。   
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