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罗汉鱼知识集锦

2008-10-02 06:01:18 编辑來源:互联网 国际版 评论
 
 
本文为【罗汉鱼知识集锦】的汉字拼音对照版显示拼音
  luohandexuemingCichlasoma spp

  luohandeyingwenmingRajah CichlasomaheHorn

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  luohandeyoulai

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  [yanse] duibiqianglieguangyanzhaoren [zhudian] yunyunmibu耀yaoyanshanshuo

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  tiaoxuanluohan

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  [weishi]

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  qingxiluohan

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罗汉的学名:Cichlasoma spp 罗汉的英文名:Rajah Cichlasoma和Horn 原创第一代青金虎雄鱼,头部微隆,体型线条宽阔流畅。改良后的罗汉虽然保留着“青金虎”的特点,但各方面已经大为改善,尤其是头型更具欣赏性。经过进一步改良后,罗汉已经拥有更宽阔的体型,色彩和花纹的表现度更佳,额珠高耸饱满,非常惹人喜爱。现今流行的罗汉,其体高与体长的比例更加接近于1:1~1:1.5的最佳比例,身上的珠点、墨斑纹和颜色更加漂亮,额珠以水头居多更加饱满,更具灵性,与人的互动性更强。 罗汉的由来: 1996年马来西亚的水族业者经过不断的杂交选育,培育出一种全新的鱼种——“罗汉”,并引发一鼓养殖罗汉鱼的热潮。一瞬间席卷整个亚太地区,新加坡、日本、台湾等地鱼迷纷纷竞相抢购,在水族界掀起轩然大波。 罗汉鱼中文总称彩鲷,意解多姿多彩慈鲷,又名花罗汉。 究竟“罗汉”鱼有什么独特之处呢?若细看一尾罗汉鱼,你就会不自觉被他人性化的形态所掳获。红润的面颊,高耸的额头象征多福高寿,两侧形态各异的“墨斑鳞”在风水学上更有催财的妙用。 鉴赏罗汉: 花罗汉的审美与鉴赏,绝对不应只从单一角度观看,而是以鱼体各部位的匀称与整体比例的综合,多个层面的考量来决定,评鉴的重点分别为: [体型] 短身高背,躯体厚实 [气质] 泳姿优雅,与人玩乐 [颜色] 对比强烈,光艳照人 [珠点] 均匀密布,耀眼闪烁 [花纹] 银线包裹,厚重清晰 [头部] 高耸挺立,盈满硕圆 [眼睛] 满目灵气,目光如炬 [鱼鳍] 完整宽阔,张如扬帆 挑选罗汉: 挑选罗汉可根据参照国外的分级标准。一般体色较深,花斑仅1-2个,身体较长者只能列为C级(三级);以身体中间为界,后部花斑排列不超过中间,但体表较为光亮,鳞片上有一些闪光星点分布者可列为B级(二级);花斑排列延伸过中间接近头部,鳃后靠下体表呈红趋势,体表闪光星点分布广泛,斑纹清晰者应列为A级(一级);有更奇特的特征,如文字斑、奇特花色、星点特色、艳丽特色等,均有列为特级的资格 (注:现在标准已经改变) 饲育罗汉: 尽可能使用较大的水箱(90公分或以上),这样有利于鱼长成较大的个体,并促成较佳的头型。罗汉生长迅速,胃口极佳,所以排泄物也相对较多。一套有效的过滤系统能确保水质的洁净,大大降低鱼病的发生。最好加设一些增氧设备(如气棒,生化棉筒等),提高水的溶氧量,令鱼更精神。 可以因应个人喜好,在缸底加铺底砂,模拟一个接近自然的生态环境,会使鱼更安心,并刺激鱼发情,同时达到增大头形的效果。 必不可少的水族专用荧光灯,映照出鱼儿的美态,令人赏心悦目。 为了确保鱼的顺利成长,应准备一套安全的保温设备(如保温棒或电子恒温器)。 水温计方便大家随时准确的监控水温。 [水质] 自来水在使用前,应先气曝,以去除水中的氯化物和有害物质。 酸性较高会影响鱼的成长速度,较理想保持PH值在6.8-7度。 水温太低会影响鱼的新陈代谢,较理想保持26-28摄氏度。 [喂食] 罗汉成长迅速,需要较多的食物,一天基本需要二至五次的喂食,每次份量掌握在五分钟内让鱼吃完,尽量避免吃剩事食物残渣,以免影响水质。切记“少食多餐”,避免出现肠胃炎。罗汉对食物不挑剔,活 (蚯蚓,小鱼等)、冻饵(冻虾,冻虫等)、饲料(条状,粒状),它们都乐于接受。一般家庭饲养建议喂食以冻血虫为主,冻虾、扬色饵料为辅,即可达到较理想效果,而且十分便利。 情系罗汉: 罗汉除了威武雄壮的王者气势,艳丽夺目的动人色彩,具人性化的可爱外形以外,最令广大爱好者沉醉其中难以自拔的一点,就是他们与饲主之间的情意结。 罗汉对其他鱼类十分凶猛,但对人却极有灵性。只要主人来到鱼缸跟前,罗汉便会亲昵地游上前来,与饲主嬉戏玩耍。或回游,或翻转,或躺于饲主手中,享受饲主的爱抚。就如猫狗一样驯服、可爱。但若陌生人也想此般亲近罗汉,与之玩耍,必会受到他毫不留情的攻击,轻则留下口印,重则留血不止。如此有灵有性的罗汉,难怪不少家庭把他当作宠物一般。
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