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从SQL Server中导入/导出Excel的基本方法

2008-08-07 07:35:06 编辑來源:互联网 繁體版 评论
 
 
本文为【从SQL Server中导入/导出Excel的基本方法】的汉字拼音对照版显示拼音
  congsql serverzhongdaoru/daochu excel dejibenfangfa

  /*=========== daoru/daochu excel dejibenfangfa ===========*/

  congexcelwendangzhong,daorushujudaosqlshujukuzhong,henjiandan,zhijieyongxiamiandeyuju:

  /*=============================================*/

  --jiarujieshoushujudaorudebiaoyicunzai

  insert into biao select * from

  openrowset(microsoft.jet.oledb.4.0

  ,excel 5.0;hdr=yes;database=c:test.xls,sheet1$)

  --jiarudaorushujubingshengchengbiao

  select * into biao from

  openrowset(microsoft.jet.oledb.4.0

  ,excel 5.0;hdr=yes;database=c:test.xls,sheet1$)

  /*===========================================*/

  --jiarucongsqlshujukuzhong,daochushujudaoexcel,jiaruexcelwendangyicunzai,erqieyianzhaoyaojieshoudeshujuchuangjianhaobiaotou,jiunenggoujiandandeyong:

  insert into openrowset(microsoft.jet.oledb.4.0

  ,excel 5.0;hdr=yes;database=c:test.xls,sheet1$)

  select * from biao

  --jiaruexcelwendangbucunzai,yenenggouyongbcplaidaochengleiexceldewendang,zhuyidaxiaoxie:

  --daochubiaodeqingkuang

  exec master..xp_cmdshell bcp shujukuming.dbo.biaoming out "c:test.xls" /c -/s"fuwuqiming" /u"yonghuming" -p"mima"

  --daochuchaxundeqingkuang

  exec master..xp_cmdshell bcp "select au_fname, au_lname from pubs..authors order by au_lname" queryout "c:test.xls" /c -/s"fuwuqiming" /u"yonghuming" -p"mima"

  /*--shuoming:

  c:test.xls weidaoru/daochudeexcelwendangming.

  sheet1$ weiexcelwendangdegongzuobiaoming,yibanyaojiashang$cainengzhengchang使shiyong.

  --*/

  --shangmianyishuoguo,yongbcpdaochudeshileiexcelwendang,qishizhiweiwenbenwendang,

  --yaodaochuzhenzhengdeexcelwendang.jiuyongxiamiandefangfa

  /*--shujudaochuexcel

  daochubiaozhongdeshujudaoexcel,baohanziduanming,wendangweizhenzhengdeexcelwendang

  ,jiaruwendangbucunzai,jiangzidongchuangjianwendang

  ,jiarubiaobucunzai,jiangzidongchuangjianbiao

  jiyutongyongxingkaolv,jinzhichidaochubiaozhunshujuleixing

  --zoujian 2003.10--*/

  /*--tiaoyongshili

  p_exporttb @tbname=diquziliao,@path=c:,@fname=aa.xls

  --*/

  if exists (select * from dbo.sysobjects where id = object_id(n[dbo].[p_exporttb]) and objectproperty(id, nisprocedure) = 1)

  drop procedure [dbo].[p_exporttb]

  go

  create proc p_exporttb

  @tbname sysname, --yaodaochudebiaoming

  @path nvarchar(1000), --wendangcunfangmulu

  @fname nvarchar(250)= --wendangming,morenweibiaoming

  as

  declare @err int,@src nvarchar(255),@desc nvarchar(255),@out int

  declare @obj int,@constr nvarchar(1000),@sql varchar(8000),@fdlist varchar(8000)

  --shenshujiance

  if isnull(@fname,)= set @fname=@tbname+.xls

  --jianchawendangshifouyicunzai

  if right(@path,1)<> set @path=@path+

  create table #tb(a bit,b bit,c bit)

  set @sql=@path+@fname

  insert into #tb exec master..xp_fileexist @sql

  --shujukuchuangjianyuju

  set @sql=@path+@fname

  if exists(select 1 from #tb where a=1)

  set @constr=driver={microsoft excel driver (*.xls)};dsn=;readonly=false

   +;create_db=" +;database=+@sql+"

  --lianjieshujuku

  exec @err=sp_oacreate adodb.connection,@obj out

  if @err<>0 goto lberr

  exec @err=sp_oamethod @obj,open,null,@constr

  if @err<>0 goto lberr

  /*--jiarufugaiyicunzaidebiao,jiujiashangxiamiandeyuju

  --chuangjianzhiqianxianshanchubiao/jiarucunzaidehua

  select @sql=drop table [+@tbname+]

  exec @err=sp_oamethod @obj,execute,@out out,@sql

  --*/

  --chuangjianbiaodesql

  select @sql=,@fdlist=

  select @fdlist=@fdlist+,[+a.name+]

  ,@sql=@sql+,[+a.name+]

   +case when b.name in(char,nchar,varchar,nvarchar) then

   text(+cast(case when a.length>255 then 255 else a.length end as varchar)+)

   when b.name in(tynyint,int,bigint,tinyint) then int

   when b.name in(smalldatetime,datetime) then datetime

   when b.name in(money,smallmoney) then money

   else b.name end

  from syscolumns a left join systypes b on a.xtype=b.xusertype

  where b.name not in(image,text,uniqueidentifier,sql_variant,ntext,varbinary,binary,timestamp)

  and object_id(@tbname)=id

  select @sql=create table [+@tbname

  +](+substring(@sql,2,8000)+)

  ,@fdlist=substring(@fdlist,2,8000)

  exec @err=sp_oamethod @obj,execute,@out out,@sql

  if @err<>0 goto lberr

  exec @err=sp_oadestroy @obj

  --daorushuju

  set @sql=openrowset(microsoft.jet.oledb.4.0,excel 5.0;hdr=yes

   ;database=+@path+@fname+,[+@tbname+$])

  exec(insert into +@sql+(+@fdlist+) select +@fdlist+ from +@tbname)

  return

  lberr:

  exec sp_oageterrorinfo 0,@src out,@desc out

  lbexit:

  select cast(@err as varbinary(4)) as cuowuhao

   ,@src as cuowuyuan,@desc as cuowumiaoshu

  select @sql,@constr,@fdlist

  go

  --shangmianshidaobiaode,xiamianshidaochaxunyujude.

  /*--shujudaochuexcel

  daochuchaxunzhongdeshujudaoexcel,baohanziduanming,wendangweizhenzhengdeexcelwendang

  ,jiaruwendangbucunzai,jiangzidongchuangjianwendang

  ,jiarubiaobucunzai,jiangzidongchuangjianbiao

  jiyutongyongxingkaolv,jinzhichidaochubiaozhunshujuleixing

  --zoujian 2003.10--*/

  /*--tiaoyongshili

  p_exporttb @sqlstr=select * from diquziliao

   ,@path=c:,@fname=aa.xls,@sheetname=diquziliao

  --*/

  if exists (select * from dbo.sysobjects where id = object_id(n[dbo].[p_exporttb]) and objectproperty(id, nisprocedure) = 1)

  drop procedure [dbo].[p_exporttb]

  go

  create proc p_exporttb

  @sqlstr varchar(8000), --chaxunyuju,jiaruchaxunyujuzhong使shiyongleorder by ,qingjiashangtop 100 percent

  @path nvarchar(1000), --wendangcunfangmulu

  @fname nvarchar(250), --wendangming

  @sheetname varchar(250)= --yaochuangjiandegongzuobiaoming,morenweiwendangming

  as

  declare @err int,@src nvarchar(255),@desc nvarchar(255),@out int

  declare @obj int,@constr nvarchar(1000),@sql varchar(8000),@fdlist varchar(8000)

  --shenshujiance

  if isnull(@fname,)= set @fname=temp.xls

  if isnull(@sheetname,)= set @sheetname=replace(@fname,.,#)

  --jianchawendangshifouyicunzai

  if right(@path,1)<> set @path=@path+

  create table #tb(a bit,b bit,c bit)

  set @sql=@path+@fname

  insert into #tb exec master..xp_fileexist @sql

  --shujukuchuangjianyuju

  set @sql=@path+@fname

  if exists(select 1 from #tb where a=1)

  set @constr=driver={microsoft excel driver (*.xls)};dsn=;readonly=false

   +;create_db=" +;database=+@sql+"

  --lianjieshujuku

  exec @err=sp_oacreate adodb.connection,@obj out

  if @err<>0 goto lberr

  exec @err=sp_oamethod @obj,open,null,@constr

  if @err<>0 goto lberr

  --chuangjianbiaodesql

  declare @tbname sysname

  set @tbname=##tmp_+convert(varchar(38),newid())

  set @sql=select * into [+@tbname+] from(+@sqlstr+) a

  exec(@sql)

  select @sql=,@fdlist=

  select @fdlist=@fdlist+,[+a.name+]

  ,@sql=@sql+,[+a.name+]

   +case when b.name in(char,nchar,varchar,nvarchar) then

   text(+cast(case when a.length>255 then 255 else a.length end as varchar)+)

   when b.name in(tynyint,int,bigint,tinyint) then int

   when b.name in(smalldatetime,datetime) then datetime

   when b.name in(money,smallmoney) then money

   else b.name end

  from tempdb..syscolumns a left join tempdb..systypes b on a.xtype=b.xusertype

  where b.name not in(image,text,uniqueidentifier,sql_variant,ntext,varbinary,binary,timestamp)

  and a.id=(select id from tempdb..sysobjects where name=@tbname)

  select @sql=create table [+@sheetname

  +](+substring(@sql,2,8000)+)

  ,@fdlist=substring(@fdlist,2,8000)

  exec @err=sp_oamethod @obj,execute,@out out,@sql

  if @err<>0 goto lberr

  exec @err=sp_oadestroy @obj

  --daorushuju

  set @sql=openrowset(microsoft.jet.oledb.4.0,excel 5.0;hdr=yes

   ;database=+@path+@fname+,[+@sheetname+$])

  exec(insert into +@sql+(+@fdlist+) select +@fdlist+ from [+@tbname+])

  set @sql=drop table [+@tbname+]

  exec(@sql)

  return

  lberr:

  exec sp_oageterrorinfo 0,@src out,@desc out

  lbexit:

  select cast(@err as varbinary(4)) as cuowuhao

   ,@src as cuowuyuan,@desc as cuowumiaoshu

  select @sql,@constr,@fdlist

  go原文
 
 
 
 
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从sql server中导入/导出 excel 的基本方法 /*=========== 导入/导出 excel 的基本方法 ===========*/ 从excel文档中,导入数据到sql数据库中,很简单,直接用下面的语句: /*=============================================*/ --假如接受数据导入的表已存在 insert into 表 select * from openrowset(microsoft.jet.oledb.4.0 ,excel 5.0;hdr=yes;database=c:test.xls,sheet1$) --假如导入数据并生成表 select * into 表 from openrowset(microsoft.jet.oledb.4.0 ,excel 5.0;hdr=yes;database=c:test.xls,sheet1$) /*===========================================*/ --假如从sql数据库中,导出数据到excel,假如excel文档已存在,而且已按照要接收的数据创建好表头,就能够简单的用: insert into openrowset(microsoft.jet.oledb.4.0 ,excel 5.0;hdr=yes;database=c:test.xls,sheet1$) select * from 表 --假如excel文档不存在,也能够用bcp来导成类excel的文档,注意大小写: --导出表的情况 exec master..xp_cmdshell bcp 数据库名.dbo.表名 out "c:test.xls" /c -/s"服务器名" /u"用户名" -p"密码" --导出查询的情况 exec master..xp_cmdshell bcp "select au_fname, au_lname from pubs..authors order by au_lname" queryout "c:test.xls" /c -/s"服务器名" /u"用户名" -p"密码" /*--说明: c:test.xls 为导入/导出的excel文档名. sheet1$ 为excel文档的工作表名,一般要加上$才能正常使用. --*/ --上面已说过,用bcp导出的是类excel文档,其实质为文本文档, --要导出真正的excel文档.就用下面的方法 /*--数据导出excel 导出表中的数据到excel,包含字段名,文档为真正的excel文档 ,假如文档不存在,将自动创建文档 ,假如表不存在,将自动创建表 基于通用性考虑,仅支持导出标准数据类型 --邹建 2003.10--*/ /*--调用示例 p_exporttb @tbname=地区资料,@path=c:,@fname=aa.xls --*/ if exists (select * from dbo.sysobjects where id = object_id(n[dbo].[p_exporttb]) and objectproperty(id, nisprocedure) = 1) drop procedure [dbo].[p_exporttb] go create proc p_exporttb @tbname sysname, --要导出的表名 @path nvarchar(1000), --文档存放目录 @fname nvarchar(250)= --文档名,默认为表名 as declare @err int,@src nvarchar(255),@desc nvarchar(255),@out int declare @obj int,@constr nvarchar(1000),@sql varchar(8000),@fdlist varchar(8000) --参数检测 if isnull(@fname,)= set @fname=@tbname+.xls --检查文档是否已存在 if right(@path,1)<> set @path=@path+ create table #tb(a bit,b bit,c bit) set @sql=@path+@fname insert into #tb exec master..xp_fileexist @sql --数据库创建语句 set @sql=@path+@fname if exists(select 1 from #tb where a=1) set @constr=driver={microsoft excel driver (*.xls)};dsn=;readonly=false +;create_db=" +;database=+@sql+" --连接数据库 exec @err=sp_oacreate adodb.connection,@obj out if @err<>0 goto lberr exec @err=sp_oamethod @obj,open,null,@constr if @err<>0 goto lberr /*--假如覆盖已存在的表,就加上下面的语句 --创建之前先删除表/假如存在的话 select @sql=drop table [+@tbname+] exec @err=sp_oamethod @obj,execute,@out out,@sql --*/ --创建表的sql select @sql=,@fdlist= select @fdlist=@fdlist+,[+a.name+] ,@sql=@sql+,[+a.name+] +case when b.name in(char,nchar,varchar,nvarchar) then text(+cast(case when a.length>255 then 255 else a.length end as varchar)+) when b.name in(tynyint,int,bigint,tinyint) then int when b.name in(smalldatetime,datetime) then datetime when b.name in(money,smallmoney) then money else b.name end from syscolumns a left join systypes b on a.xtype=b.xusertype where b.name not in(image,text,uniqueidentifier,sql_variant,ntext,varbinary,binary,timestamp) and object_id(@tbname)=id select @sql=create table [+@tbname +](+substring(@sql,2,8000)+) ,@fdlist=substring(@fdlist,2,8000) exec @err=sp_oamethod @obj,execute,@out out,@sql if @err<>0 goto lberr exec @err=sp_oadestroy @obj --导入数据 set @sql=openrowset(microsoft.jet.oledb.4.0,excel 5.0;hdr=yes ;database=+@path+@fname+,[+@tbname+$]) exec(insert into [url=mailto:+@sql+(+@fdlist]+@sql+(+@fdlist[/url]+) select [url=mailto:+@fdlist]+@fdlist[/url]+ from [url=mailto:+@tbname]+@tbname[/url]) return lberr: exec sp_oageterrorinfo 0,@src out,@desc out lbexit: select cast(@err as varbinary(4)) as 错误号 ,@src as 错误源,@desc as 错误描述 select @sql,@constr,@fdlist go --上面是导表的,下面是导查询语句的. /*--数据导出excel 导出查询中的数据到excel,包含字段名,文档为真正的excel文档 ,假如文档不存在,将自动创建文档 ,假如表不存在,将自动创建表 基于通用性考虑,仅支持导出标准数据类型 --邹建 2003.10--*/ /*--调用示例 p_exporttb @sqlstr=select * from 地区资料 ,@path=c:,@fname=aa.xls,@sheetname=地区资料 --*/ if exists (select * from dbo.sysobjects where id = object_id(n[dbo].[p_exporttb]) and objectproperty(id, nisprocedure) = 1) drop procedure [dbo].[p_exporttb] go create proc p_exporttb @sqlstr varchar(8000), --查询语句,假如查询语句中使用了order by ,请加上top 100 percent @path nvarchar(1000), --文档存放目录 @fname nvarchar(250), --文档名 @sheetname varchar(250)= --要创建的工作表名,默认为文档名 as declare @err int,@src nvarchar(255),@desc nvarchar(255),@out int declare @obj int,@constr nvarchar(1000),@sql varchar(8000),@fdlist varchar(8000) --参数检测 if isnull(@fname,)= set @fname=temp.xls if isnull(@sheetname,)= set @sheetname=replace(@fname,.,#) --检查文档是否已存在 if right(@path,1)<> set @path=@path+ create table #tb(a bit,b bit,c bit) set @sql=@path+@fname insert into #tb exec master..xp_fileexist @sql --数据库创建语句 set @sql=@path+@fname if exists(select 1 from #tb where a=1) set @constr=driver={microsoft excel driver (*.xls)};dsn=;readonly=false +;create_db=" +;database=+@sql+" --连接数据库 exec @err=sp_oacreate adodb.connection,@obj out if @err<>0 goto lberr exec @err=sp_oamethod @obj,open,null,@constr if @err<>0 goto lberr --创建表的sql declare @tbname sysname set @tbname=##tmp_+convert(varchar(38),newid()) set @sql=select * into [+@tbname+] from([url=mailto:+@sqlstr]+@sqlstr[/url]+) a exec(@sql) select @sql=,@fdlist= select @fdlist=@fdlist+,[+a.name+] ,@sql=@sql+,[+a.name+] +case when b.name in(char,nchar,varchar,nvarchar) then text(+cast(case when a.length>255 then 255 else a.length end as varchar)+) when b.name in(tynyint,int,bigint,tinyint) then int when b.name in(smalldatetime,datetime) then datetime when b.name in(money,smallmoney) then money else b.name end from tempdb..syscolumns a left join tempdb..systypes b on a.xtype=b.xusertype where b.name not in(image,text,uniqueidentifier,sql_variant,ntext,varbinary,binary,timestamp) and a.id=(select id from tempdb..sysobjects where [url=mailto:name=@tbname]name=@tbname[/url]) select @sql=create table [+@sheetname +](+substring(@sql,2,8000)+) ,@fdlist=substring(@fdlist,2,8000) exec @err=sp_oamethod @obj,execute,@out out,@sql if @err<>0 goto lberr exec @err=sp_oadestroy @obj --导入数据 set @sql=openrowset(microsoft.jet.oledb.4.0,excel 5.0;hdr=yes ;database=+@path+@fname+,[+@sheetname+$]) exec(insert into [url=mailto:+@sql+(+@fdlist]+@sql+(+@fdlist[/url]+) select [url=mailto:+@fdlist]+@fdlist[/url]+ from [+@tbname+]) set @sql=drop table [+@tbname+] exec(@sql) return lberr: exec sp_oageterrorinfo 0,@src out,@desc out lbexit: select cast(@err as varbinary(4)) as 错误号 ,@src as 错误源,@desc as 错误描述 select @sql,@constr,@fdlist go
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