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SQL Server导出表到EXCEL文件的存储过程

2008-07-12 07:37:35 编辑來源:互联网 国际版 评论
 
 
本文为【SQL Server导出表到EXCEL文件的存储过程】的汉字拼音对照版显示拼音
  SQL ServerdaochubiaodaoEXCELwenjiandecunchuguocheng:

  *--shujudaochuEXCEL

  daochubiaozhongdeshujudaoExcel,baohanziduanming,wenjianweizhenzhengdeExcelwenjian

  ,ruguowenjianbucunzai,jiangzidongchuangjianwenjian

  ,ruguobiaobucunzai,jiangzidongchuangjianbiao

  jiyutongyongxingkaolv,jinzhichidaochubiaozhunshujuleixing

  ---*/

  /**//*--tiaoyongshili

  p_exporttb @tbname='diquziliao',@path='c:',@fname='aa.xls'

  --*/

  if exists (select * from dbo.sysobjects where id = object_id(N'[dbo].[p_exporttb]') and

  OBJECTPROPERTY(id, N'IsProcedure') = 1)

  drop procedure [dbo].[p_exporttb]

  GO

  create proc p_exporttb

  @tbname sysname, --yaodaochudebiaoming,zhuyizhinengshibiaoming/shituming

  @path nvarchar(1000), --wenjiancunfangmulu

  @fname nvarchar(250)='' --wenjianming,morenweibiaoming

  as

  declare @err int,@src nvarchar(255),@desc nvarchar(255),@out int

  declare @obj int,@constr nvarchar(1000),@sql varchar(8000),@fdlist varchar(8000)

  --shenshujiance

  if isnull(@fname,'')='' set @fname=@tbname+'.xls'

  --jianchawenjianshifouyijingcunzai

  if right(@path,1)<>'' set @path=@path+''

  create table #tb(a bit,b bit,c bit)

  set @sql=@path+@fname

  insert into #tb exec master..xp_fileexist @sql

  --shujukuchuangjianyuju

  set @sql=@path+@fname

  if exists(select 1 from #tb where a=1)

  set @constr='DRIVER={Microsoft Excel Driver (*.xls)};DSN='''';READONLY=FALSE'

  +';CREATE_DB="'+@sql+'";DBQ='+@sql

  else

  set @constr='Provider=Microsoft.Jet.OLEDB.4.0;Extended Properties="Excel 5.0;HDR=YES'

  +';DATABASE='+@sql+'"'

  --lianjieshujuku

  exec @err=sp_oacreate 'adodb.connection',@obj out

  if @err<>0 goto lberr

  exec @err=sp_oamethod @obj,'open',null,@constr

  if @err<>0 goto lberr

  --chuangjianbiaodeSQL

  select @sql='',@fdlist=''

  select @fdlist=@fdlist+','+a.name

  ,@sql=@sql+',['+a.name+'] '

  +case when b.name in('char','nchar','varchar','nvarchar') then

  'text('+cast(case when a.length>255 then 255 else a.length end as varchar)+')'

  when b.name in('tynyint','int','bigint','tinyint') then 'int'

  when b.name in('smalldatetime','datetime') then 'datetime'

  when b.name in('money','smallmoney') then 'money'

  else b.name end

  FROM syscolumns a left join systypes b on a.xtype=b.xusertype

  where b.name not in

  ('image','text','uniqueidentifier','sql_variant','ntext','varbinary','binary','timestamp')

  and object_id(@tbname)=id

  select @sql='create table ['+@tbname

  +']('+substring(@sql,2,8000)+')'

  ,@fdlist=substring(@fdlist,2,8000)

  exec @err=sp_oamethod @obj,'execute',@out out,@sql

  if @err<>0 goto lberr

  exec @err=sp_oadestroy @obj

  --daorushuju

  set @sql='openrowset(''MICROSOFT.JET.OLEDB.4.0'',''Excel 5.0;HDR=YES

  ;DATABASE='+@path+@fname+''',['+@tbname+'$])'

  exec('insert into '+@sql+'('+@fdlist+') select '+@fdlist+' from '+@tbname)

  return

  lberr:

  exec sp_oageterrorinfo 0,@src out,@desc out

  lbexit:

  select cast(@err as varbinary(4)) as cuowuhao

  ,@src as cuowuyuan,@desc as cuowumiaoshu

  select @sql,@constr,@fdlist

  go

  *--shujudaochuEXCEL

  daochuchaxunzhongdeshujudaoExcel,baohanziduanming,wenjianweizhenzhengdeExcelwenjian

  ,ruguowenjianbucunzai,jiangzidongchuangjianwenjian

  ,ruguobiaobucunzai,jiangzidongchuangjianbiao

  jiyutongyongxingkaolv,jinzhichidaochubiaozhunshujuleixing

  --*/

  /**//*--tiaoyongshili

  p_exporttb @sqlstr='select * from diquziliao'

  ,@path='c:',@fname='aa.xls',@sheetname='diquziliao'

  --*/

  if exists (select * from dbo.sysobjects where id = object_id(N'[dbo].[p_exporttb]') and

  OBJECTPROPERTY(id, N'IsProcedure') = 1)

  drop procedure [dbo].[p_exporttb]

  GO

  create proc p_exporttb

  @sqlstr sysname, --chaxunyuju,ruguochaxunyujuzhong使shiyongleorder by ,qingjiashangtop 100 percent,zhuyi,ruguodao

  chubiao/shitu,yongshangmiandecunchuguocheng

  @path nvarchar(1000), --wenjiancunfangmulu

  @fname nvarchar(250), --wenjianming

  @sheetname varchar(250)='' --yaochuangjiandegongzuobiaoming,morenweiwenjianming

  as

  declare @err int,@src nvarchar(255),@desc nvarchar(255),@out int

  declare @obj int,@constr nvarchar(1000),@sql varchar(8000),@fdlist varchar(8000)

  --shenshujiance

  if isnull(@fname,'')='' set @fname='temp.xls'

  if isnull(@sheetname,'')='' set @sheetname=replace(@fname,'.','#')

  --jianchawenjianshifouyijingcunzai

  if right(@path,1)<>'' set @path=@path+''

  create table #tb(a bit,b bit,c bit)

  set @sql=@path+@fname

  insert into #tb exec master..xp_fileexist @sql

  --shujukuchuangjianyuju

  set @sql=@path+@fname

  if exists(select 1 from #tb where a=1)

  set @constr='DRIVER={Microsoft Excel Driver (*.xls)};DSN='''';READONLY=FALSE'

  +';CREATE_DB="'+@sql+'";DBQ='+@sql

  else

  set @constr='Provider=Microsoft.Jet.OLEDB.4.0;Extended Properties="Excel 5.0;HDR=YES'

  +';DATABASE='+@sql+'"'

  --lianjieshujuku

  exec @err=sp_oacreate 'adodb.connection',@obj out

  if @err<>0 goto lberr

  exec @err=sp_oamethod @obj,'open',null,@constr

  if @err<>0 goto lberr

  --chuangjianbiaodeSQL

  declare @tbname sysname

  set @tbname='##tmp_'+convert(varchar(38),newid())

  set @sql='select * into ['+@tbname+'] from('+@sqlstr+') a'

  exec(@sql)

  select @sql='',@fdlist=''

  select @fdlist=@fdlist+','+a.name

  ,@sql=@sql+',['+a.name+'] '

  +case when b.name in('char','nchar','varchar','nvarchar') then

  'text('+cast(case when a.length>255 then 255 else a.length end as varchar)+')'

  when b.name in('tynyint','int','bigint','tinyint') then 'int'

  when b.name in('smalldatetime','datetime') then 'datetime'

  when b.name in('money','smallmoney') then 'money'

  else b.name end

  FROM tempdb..syscolumns a left join tempdb..systypes b on a.xtype=b.xusertype

  where b.name not in

  ('image','text','uniqueidentifier','sql_variant','ntext','varbinary','binary','timestamp')

  and a.id=(select id from tempdb..sysobjects where name=@tbname)

  select @sql='create table ['+@sheetname

  +']('+substring(@sql,2,8000)+')'

  ,@fdlist=substring(@fdlist,2,8000)

  exec @err=sp_oamethod @obj,'execute',@out out,@sql

  if @err<>0 goto lberr

  exec @err=sp_oadestroy @obj

  --daorushuju

  set @sql='openrowset(''MICROSOFT.JET.OLEDB.4.0'',''Excel 5.0;HDR=YES

  ;DATABASE='+@path+@fname+''',['+@sheetname+'$])'

  exec('insert into '+@sql+'('+@fdlist+') select '+@fdlist+' from ['+@tbname+']')

  set @sql='drop table ['+@tbname+']'

  exec(@sql)

  return

  lberr:

  exec sp_oageterrorinfo 0,@src out,@desc out

  lbexit:

  select cast(@err as varbinary(4)) as cuowuhao

  ,@src as cuowuyuan,@desc as cuowumiaoshu

  select @sql,@constr,@fdlist

  go原文
 
 
SQL Server导出表到EXCEL文件的存储过程: *--数据导出EXCEL 导出表中的数据到Excel,包含字段名,文件为真正的Excel文件 ,如果文件不存在,将自动创建文件 ,如果表不存在,将自动创建表 基于通用性考虑,仅支持导出标准数据类型 ---*/ /**//*--调用示例 p_exporttb @tbname='地区资料',@path='c:',@fname='aa.xls' --*/ if exists (select * from dbo.sysobjects where id = object_id(N'[dbo].[p_exporttb]') and OBJECTPROPERTY(id, N'IsProcedure') = 1) drop procedure [dbo].[p_exporttb] GO create proc p_exporttb @tbname sysname, --要导出的表名,注意只能是表名/视图名 @path nvarchar(1000), --文件存放目录 @fname nvarchar(250)='' --文件名,默认为表名 as declare @err int,@src nvarchar(255),@desc nvarchar(255),@out int declare @obj int,@constr nvarchar(1000),@sql varchar(8000),@fdlist varchar(8000) --参数检测 if isnull(@fname,'')='' set @fname=@tbname+'.xls' --检查文件是否已经存在 if right(@path,1)<>'' set @path=@path+'' create table #tb(a bit,b bit,c bit) set @sql=@path+@fname insert into #tb exec master..xp_fileexist @sql --数据库创建语句 set @sql=@path+@fname if exists(select 1 from #tb where a=1) set @constr='DRIVER={Microsoft Excel Driver (*.xls)};DSN='''';READONLY=FALSE' +';CREATE_DB="[url=mailto:]'+@sql+'";DBQ='+@sql[/url] else set @constr='Provider=Microsoft.Jet.OLEDB.4.0;Extended Properties="Excel 5.0;HDR=YES' +';DATABASE='+@sql+'"' --连接数据库 exec @err=sp_oacreate 'adodb.connection',@obj out if @err<>0 goto lberr exec @err=sp_oamethod @obj,'open',null,@constr if @err<>0 goto lberr --创建表的SQL select @sql='',@fdlist='' select @fdlist=@fdlist+','+a.name ,@sql=@sql+',['+a.name+'] ' +case when b.name in('char','nchar','varchar','nvarchar') then 'text('+cast(case when a.length>255 then 255 else a.length end as varchar)+')' when b.name in('tynyint','int','bigint','tinyint') then 'int' when b.name in('smalldatetime','datetime') then 'datetime' when b.name in('money','smallmoney') then 'money' else b.name end FROM syscolumns a left join systypes b on a.xtype=b.xusertype where b.name not in ('image','text','uniqueidentifier','sql_variant','ntext','varbinary','binary','timestamp') and object_id(@tbname)=id select @sql='create table ['+@tbname +']('+substring(@sql,2,8000)+')' ,@fdlist=substring(@fdlist,2,8000) exec @err=sp_oamethod @obj,'execute',@out out,@sql if @err<>0 goto lberr exec @err=sp_oadestroy @obj --导入数据 set @sql='openrowset(''MICROSOFT.JET.OLEDB.4.0'',''Excel 5.0;HDR=YES ;DATABASE='+@path+@fname+''',['+@tbname+'$])' exec('insert into [url=mailto:]'+@sql+'('+@fdlist+'[/url]) select [url=mailto:]'+@fdlist+'[/url] from [url=mailto:]'+@tbname[/url]) return lberr: exec sp_oageterrorinfo 0,@src out,@desc out lbexit: select cast(@err as varbinary(4)) as 错误号 ,@src as 错误源,@desc as 错误描述 select @sql,@constr,@fdlist go *--数据导出EXCEL 导出查询中的数据到Excel,包含字段名,文件为真正的Excel文件 ,如果文件不存在,将自动创建文件 ,如果表不存在,将自动创建表 基于通用性考虑,仅支持导出标准数据类型 --*/ /**//*--调用示例 p_exporttb @sqlstr='select * from 地区资料' ,@path='c:',@fname='aa.xls',@sheetname='地区资料' --*/ if exists (select * from dbo.sysobjects where id = object_id(N'[dbo].[p_exporttb]') and OBJECTPROPERTY(id, N'IsProcedure') = 1) drop procedure [dbo].[p_exporttb] GO create proc p_exporttb @sqlstr sysname, --查询语句,如果查询语句中使用了order by ,请加上top 100 percent,注意,如果导 出表/视图,用上面的存储过程 @path nvarchar(1000), --文件存放目录 @fname nvarchar(250), --文件名 @sheetname varchar(250)='' --要创建的工作表名,默认为文件名 as declare @err int,@src nvarchar(255),@desc nvarchar(255),@out int declare @obj int,@constr nvarchar(1000),@sql varchar(8000),@fdlist varchar(8000) --参数检测 if isnull(@fname,'')='' set @fname='temp.xls' if isnull(@sheetname,'')='' set @sheetname=replace(@fname,'.','#') --检查文件是否已经存在 if right(@path,1)<>'' set @path=@path+'' create table #tb(a bit,b bit,c bit) set @sql=@path+@fname insert into #tb exec master..xp_fileexist @sql --数据库创建语句 set @sql=@path+@fname if exists(select 1 from #tb where a=1) set @constr='DRIVER={Microsoft Excel Driver (*.xls)};DSN='''';READONLY=FALSE' +';CREATE_DB="[url=mailto:]'+@sql+'";DBQ='+@sql[/url] else set @constr='Provider=Microsoft.Jet.OLEDB.4.0;Extended Properties="Excel 5.0;HDR=YES' +';DATABASE='+@sql+'"' --连接数据库 exec @err=sp_oacreate 'adodb.connection',@obj out if @err<>0 goto lberr exec @err=sp_oamethod @obj,'open',null,@constr if @err<>0 goto lberr --创建表的SQL declare @tbname sysname set @tbname='##tmp_'+convert(varchar(38),newid()) set @sql='select * into ['+@tbname+'] from([url=mailto:]'+@sqlstr+'[/url]) a' exec(@sql) select @sql='',@fdlist='' select @fdlist=@fdlist+','+a.name ,@sql=@sql+',['+a.name+'] ' +case when b.name in('char','nchar','varchar','nvarchar') then 'text('+cast(case when a.length>255 then 255 else a.length end as varchar)+')' when b.name in('tynyint','int','bigint','tinyint') then 'int' when b.name in('smalldatetime','datetime') then 'datetime' when b.name in('money','smallmoney') then 'money' else b.name end FROM tempdb..syscolumns a left join tempdb..systypes b on a.xtype=b.xusertype where b.name not in ('image','text','uniqueidentifier','sql_variant','ntext','varbinary','binary','timestamp') and a.id=(select id from tempdb..sysobjects where [url=mailto:name=@tbname]name=@tbname[/url]) select @sql='create table ['+@sheetname +']('+substring(@sql,2,8000)+')' ,@fdlist=substring(@fdlist,2,8000) exec @err=sp_oamethod @obj,'execute',@out out,@sql if @err<>0 goto lberr exec @err=sp_oadestroy @obj --导入数据 set @sql='openrowset(''MICROSOFT.JET.OLEDB.4.0'',''Excel 5.0;HDR=YES ;DATABASE='+@path+@fname+''',['+@sheetname+'$])' exec('insert into [url=mailto:]'+@sql+'('+@fdlist+'[/url]) select [url=mailto:]'+@fdlist+'[/url] from ['+@tbname+']') set @sql='drop table ['+@tbname+']' exec(@sql) return lberr: exec sp_oageterrorinfo 0,@src out,@desc out lbexit: select cast(@err as varbinary(4)) as 错误号 ,@src as 错误源,@desc as 错误描述 select @sql,@constr,@fdlist go
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