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详细讲解Linux环境下MySQL 5.1安装步骤

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2008-06-01 03:18:40

本文为【详细讲解Linux环境下MySQL 5.1安装步骤】的汉字拼音对照版显示拼音

LinuxhuanjingxiaMySQL5.1anzhuangbuzhou:

1xiazaiMySQLmiananzhuangban/erjinzhibanruanjianbuyongbianyi

wenjiangeshiMYSQL-VERSION-OS.tar.gz

2chuangjianMySQLzujianliMySQLyonghubingjiarudaomysqlzuzhong

butongbanbendeUnixzhonggroupaddheuseradddeyufakenenghuishaoyoubutong

#groupadd mysql

#useradd -g mysql mysql

3jinrumulu/usr/localjieyasuomiananzhuangbanbingzaicimuluzhongjianlimingweimysqlderuanlianjie

#cd /usr/local

#gunzip < /path/to/MYSQL-VERSION-OS.tar.gz | tar xvf -

(gaiminglinghuizaibenmuluxiachuangjianyigemingweiMYSQL-VERSION-OSdexinmulu)

(使shiyongGNU tarzebuzaixuyaogunzipnikeyizhijieyongxiamiandeminglinglaijiebaohetiqufenfa

#> tar zxvf /path/to/mysql-VERSION-OS.tar.gz)

#ln -s MYSQL-VERSION-OS mysql

4tianjiaMySQLpeizhiwenjian

ruguonixiangyaoshezhiyigexuanxiangwenjian使shiyongsupport-filesmuluzhongdeyigezuoweimobanzaizhegemuluzhongyou4gemobanwenjianshigenjubutongjiqideneicundingzhide

#cp support-files/my-medium.cnf /etc/my.cnf

(kenengnixuyaoyongrootyonghuyunxingzhexiemingling)

5shedingmulu访fangwenquanxianyongmysql_install_dbchuangjianMySQLshouquanbiaochushihuabingshezhimysql,rootzhanghao访fangwenquanxian

#cd mysql

#chown -R mysql .

#chgrp -R mysql .

#scripts/mysql_install_db user=mysql

#chown -R root .

#chown -R mysql data

(zhuyiyishangminglingzhongde" . "fuhaobunengshao)

6yunxingMySQL

#bin/mysqld_safe user=mysql &

(ruguomeiyouwentidehua,yinggaihuichuxianleisizheyangdetishi:

[1] 42264

# Starting mysqld daemon with databases from /usr/local/mysql/var

ruguochuxian mysql endedzheyangdeyujubiaoshiMysqlmeiyouzhengchangqidongnikeyidaologzhongchazhaowentiLogwenjiandetongchangzai/etc/my.cnfzhongpeizhi

daduoshuwentishiquanxianshezhibuzhengqueyinqide )

7shezhirootmimamorenanzhuangmimaweikongweileanquannixuyaoxiugaimima

#/usr/local/mysql/bin/mysqladmin -uroot password yourpassword

8kaobeibianyimuludeyigejiaobenshezhikaijizidongqidong

#cp support-files/mysql.server /etc/rc.d/init.d/mysqld

#chmod 700 /etc/init.d/mysqld

#chkconfig add mysqld

#chkconfig level 345 mysqld on

9qidongmysqldfuwu

#service mysqld start

10chakan3306duankoushifoudakaiyaozhuyizaifanghuoqiangzhongkaifanggaiduankou

#netstat -atln

miananzhuangban/erjinzhibananzhuangjibenminglinggaishu

shell> groupadd mysql

shell> useradd -g mysql mysql

shell> cd /usr/local

shell> gunzip < /PATH/TO/MYSQL-VERSION-OS.tar.gz | tar xvf -

shell> ln -s FULL-PATH-TO-MYSQL-VERSION-OS mysql

shell> cd mysql

shell> chown -R mysql .

shell> chgrp -R mysql .

shell> scripts/mysql_install_db user=mysql

shell> chown -R root .

shell> chown -R mysql data

shell> bin/mysqld_safe user=mysql &

原文
Linux环境下MySQL5.1安装步骤: 1、下载MySQL免安装版/二进制版软件(不用编译) 文件格式:MYSQL-VERSION-OS.tar.gz 2、创建MySQL组,建立MySQL用户并加入到mysql组中 (不同版本的Unix中,groupadd和useradd的语法可能会稍有不同。) #groupadd mysql #useradd -g mysql mysql 3、进入目录/usr/local,解压缩免安装版,并在此目录中建立名为mysql的软链接 #cd /usr/local #gunzip < /path/to/MYSQL-VERSION-OS.tar.gz | tar xvf - (该命令会在本目录下创建一个名为MYSQL-VERSION-OS的新目录。) (使用GNU tar,则不再需要gunzip。你可以直接用下面的命令来解包和提取分发: #> tar zxvf /path/to/mysql-VERSION-OS.tar.gz) #ln -s MYSQL-VERSION-OS mysql 4、添加MySQL配置文件 如果你想要设置一个选项文件,使用support-files目录中的一个作为模板。在这个目录中有4个模板文件,是根据不同机器的内存定制的。 #cp support-files/my-medium.cnf /etc/my.cnf (可能你需要用root用户运行这些命令。) 5、设定目录访问权限,用mysql_install_db创建MySQL授权表初始化,并设置mysql,root帐号访问权限 #cd mysql #chown -R mysql . #chgrp -R mysql . #scripts/mysql_install_db –user=mysql #chown -R root . #chown -R mysql data (注意以上命令中的" . "符号不能少。) 6、运行MySQL #bin/mysqld_safe –user=mysql & (如果没有问题的话,应该会出现类似这样的提示: [1] 42264 # Starting mysqld daemon with databases from /usr/local/mysql/var 如果出现 mysql ended这样的语句,表示Mysql没有正常启动,你可以到log中查找问题,Log文件的通常在/etc/my.cnf中配置。 大多数问题是权限设置不正确引起的。 ) 7、设置root密码。默认安装密码为空,为了安全你需要修改密码 #/usr/local/mysql/bin/mysqladmin -uroot password yourpassword 8、拷贝编译目录的一个脚本,设置开机自动启动 #cp support-files/mysql.server /etc/rc.d/init.d/mysqld #chmod 700 /etc/init.d/mysqld #chkconfig –add mysqld #chkconfig –level 345 mysqld on 9、启动mysqld服务 #service mysqld start 10、查看3306端口是否打开。要注意在防火墙中开放该端口 #netstat -atln 免安装版/二进制版安装基本命令概述: shell> groupadd mysql shell> useradd -g mysql mysql shell> cd /usr/local shell> gunzip < /PATH/TO/MYSQL-VERSION-OS.tar.gz | tar xvf - shell> ln -s FULL-PATH-TO-MYSQL-VERSION-OS mysql shell> cd mysql shell> chown -R mysql . shell> chgrp -R mysql . shell> scripts/mysql_install_db –user=mysql shell> chown -R root . shell> chown -R mysql data shell> bin/mysqld_safe –user=mysql &
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