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C语言库函数 (A类字母)

2008-06-01 02:10:48  编辑来源:互联网  宽屏版  评论

本文为【C语言库函数 (A类字母)】的汉字拼音对照版显示拼音

[ fabiaoriqi2002-1-4 9:28:46 ]

hanshuming: abort

gong neng: yichangzhongzhiyigejincheng

yong fa: void abort(void);

chengxuli:

#include <stdio.h>

#include <stdlib.h>

int main(void)

{

printf("Calling abort()\n");

abort();

return 0; /* This is never reached */

}

hanshuming: abs

gong neng: qiuzhengshudejueduizhi

yong fa: int abs(int i);

chengxuli:

#include <stdio.h>

#include <math.h>

int main(void)

{

int number = -1234;

printf("number: %d absolute value: %d\n", number, abs(number));

return 0;

}

hanshuming: absread, abswirte

gong neng: jueduicipanshanquduxieshuju

yong fa: int absread(int drive, int nsects, int sectno, void *buffer);

int abswrite(int drive, int nsects, in tsectno, void *buffer);

chengxuli:

/* absread example */

#include <stdio.h>

#include <conio.h>

#include <process.h>

#include <dos.h>

int main(void)

{

int i, strt, ch_out, sector;

char buf[512];

printf("Insert a diskette into drive A and press any key\n");

getch();

sector = 0;

if (absread(0, 1, sector, &buf) != 0)

{

perror("Disk problem");

exit(1);

}

printf("Read OK\n");

strt = 3;

for (i=0; i<80; i++)

{

ch_out = buf[strt+i];

putchar(ch_out);

}

printf("\n");

return(0);

}

hanshuming: Access

gong neng: quedingwenjiande访fangwenquanxian

yong fa: int access(const char *filename, int amode);

chengxuli:

#include <stdio.h>

#include <io.h>

int file_exists(char *filename);

int main(void)

{

printf("Does NOTEXIST.FIL exist: %s\n",

file_exists("NOTEXISTS.FIL") ? "YES" : "NO");

return 0;

}

int file_exists(char *filename)

{

return (access(filename, 0) == 0);

}

hanshuming: acos

gong neng: fanyuxianhanshu

yong fa: double acos(double x);

chengxuli:

#include <stdio.h>

#include <math.h>

int main(void)

{

double result;

double x = 0.5;

result = acos(x);

printf("The arc cosine of %lf is %lf\n", x, result);

return 0;

}

hanshuming: allocmem

gong neng: fenpeiDOScunchuduan

yong fa: int allocmem(unsigned size, unsigned *seg);

chengxuli:

#include <dos.h>

#include <alloc.h>

#include <stdio.h>

int main(void)

{

unsigned int size, segp;

int stat;

size = 64; /* (64 x 16) = 1024 bytes */

stat = allocmem(size, &segp);

if (stat == -1)

printf("Allocated memory at segment: %x\n", segp);

else

printf("Failed: maximum number of paragraphs available is %u\n",

stat);

return 0;

}

hanshuming: arc

gong neng: huayihu线xian

yong fa: void far arc(int x, int y, int stangle, int endangle, int radius);

chengxuli:

#include <graphics.h>

#include <stdlib.h>

#include <stdio.h>

#include <conio.h>

int main(void)

{

/* request auto detection */

int gdriver = DETECT, gmode, errorcode;

int midx, midy;

int stangle = 45, endangle = 135;

int radius = 100;

/* initialize graphics and local variables */

initgraph(&gdriver, &gmode, "");

/* read result of initialization */

errorcode = graphresult(); /* an error occurred */

if (errorcode != grOk)

{

printf("Graphics error: %s\n", grapherrormsg(errorcode));

printf("Press any key to halt:");

getch();

exit(1); /* terminate with an error code */

}

midx = getmaxx() / 2;

midy = getmaxy() / 2;

setcolor(getmaxcolor());

/* draw arc */

arc(midx, midy, stangle, endangle, radius);

/* clean up */

getch();

closegraph();

return 0;

}

hanshuming: asctime

gong neng: zhuanhuanriqiheshijianweiASCIIma

yong fa: char *asctime(const strUCt tm *tblock);

chengxuli:

#include <stdio.h>

#include <string.h>

#include <time.h>

int main(void)

{

struct tm t;

char str[80];

/* sample loading of tm structure */

t.tm_sec = 1; /* Seconds */

t.tm_min = 30; /* Minutes */

t.tm_hour = 9; /* Hour */

t.tm_mday = 22; /* Day of the Month */

t.tm_mon = 11; /* Month */

t.tm_year = 56; /* Year - does not include century */

t.tm_wday = 4; /* Day of the week */

t.tm_yday = 0; /* Does not show in asctime */

t.tm_isdst = 0; /* Is Daylight SavTime; does not show in asctime */

/* converts structure to null terminated

string */

strcpy(str, asctime(&t));

printf("%s\n", str);

return 0;

}

hanshuming: asin

gong neng: fanzhengxianhanshu

yong fa: double asin(double x);

chengxuli:

#include <stdio.h>

#include <math.h>

int main(void)

{

double result;

double x = 0.5;

result = asin(x);

printf("The arc sin of %lf is %lf\n", x, result);

return(0);

}

hanshuming: assert

gong neng: ceshiyigetiaojianbingkeneng使shichengxuzhongzhi

yong fa: void assert(int test);

chengxuli:

#include <assert.h>

#include <stdio.h>

#include <stdlib.h>

struct ITEM {

int key;

int value;

};

/* add item to list, make sure list is not null */

void additem(struct ITEM *itemptr) {

assert(itemptr != NULL);

/* add item to list */

}

int main(void)

{

additem(NULL);

return 0;

}

hanshuming: atan

gong neng: fanzhengqiehanshu

yong fa: double atan(double x);

chengxuli:

#include <stdio.h>

#include <math.h>

int main(void)

{

double result;

double x = 0.5;

result = atan(x);

printf("The arc tangent of %lf is %lf\n", x, result);

return(0);

}

hanshuming: atan2

gong neng: jisuanY/Xdefanzhengqiezhi

yong fa: double atan2(double y, double x);

chengxuli:

#include <stdio.h>

#include <math.h>

int main(void)

{

double result;

double x = 90.0, y = 45.0;

result = atan2(y, x);

printf("The arc tangent ratio of %lf is %lf\n", (y / x), result);

return 0;

}

hanshuming: atexit

gong neng: zhucezhongzhihanshu

yong fa: int atexit(atexit_t func);

chengxuli:

#include <stdio.h>

#include <stdlib.h>

void exit_fn1(void)

{

printf("Exit function #1 called\n");

}

void exit_fn2(void)

{

printf("Exit function #2 called\n");

}

int main(void)

{

/* post exit function #1 */

atexit(exit_fn1);

/* post exit function #2 */

atexit(exit_fn2);

return 0;

}

hanshuming: atof

gong neng: bazifuchuanzhuanhuanchengfudianshu

yong fa: double atof(const char *nptr);

chengxuli:

#include <stdlib.h>

#include <stdio.h>

int main(void)

{

float f;

char *str = "12345.67";

f = atof(str);

printf("string = %s float = %f\n", str, f);

return 0;

}

hanshuming: atoi

gong neng: bazifuchuanzhuanhuanchengchangzhengxingshu

yong fa: int atoi(const char *nptr);

chengxuli:

#include <stdlib.h>

#include <stdio.h>

int main(void)

{

int n;

char *str = "12345.67";

n = atoi(str);

printf("string = %s integer = %d\n", str, n);

return 0;

}

hanshuming: atol

gong neng: bazifuchuanzhuanhuanchengchangzhengxingshu

yong fa: long atol(const char *nptr);

chengxuli:

#include <stdlib.h>

#include <stdio.h>

int main(void)

{

long l;

char *str = "98765432";

l = atol(lstr);

printf("string = %s integer = %ld\n", str, l);

return(0);

}

原文
[ 发表日期:2002-1-4 9:28:46 ] 函数名: abort 功 能: 异常终止一个进程 用 法: void abort(void); 程序例: #include <stdio.h> #include <stdlib.h> int main(void) { printf("Calling abort()\n"); abort(); return 0; /* This is never reached */ } 函数名: abs 功 能: 求整数的绝对值 用 法: int abs(int i); 程序例: #include <stdio.h> #include <math.h> int main(void) { int number = -1234; printf("number: %d absolute value: %d\n", number, abs(number)); return 0; } 函数名: absread, abswirte 功 能: 绝对磁盘扇区读、写数据 用 法: int absread(int drive, int nsects, int sectno, void *buffer); int abswrite(int drive, int nsects, in tsectno, void *buffer); 程序例: /* absread example */ #include <stdio.h> #include <conio.h> #include <process.h> #include <dos.h> int main(void) { int i, strt, ch_out, sector; char buf[512]; printf("Insert a diskette into drive A and press any key\n"); getch(); sector = 0; if (absread(0, 1, sector, &buf) != 0) { perror("Disk problem"); exit(1); } printf("Read OK\n"); strt = 3; for (i=0; i<80; i++) { ch_out = buf[strt+i]; putchar(ch_out); } printf("\n"); return(0); } 函数名: Access 功 能: 确定文件的访问权限 用 法: int access(const char *filename, int amode); 程序例: #include <stdio.h> #include <io.h> int file_exists(char *filename); int main(void) { printf("Does NOTEXIST.FIL exist: %s\n", file_exists("NOTEXISTS.FIL") ? "YES" : "NO"); return 0; } int file_exists(char *filename) { return (access(filename, 0) == 0); } 函数名: acos 功 能: 反余弦函数 用 法: double acos(double x); 程序例: #include <stdio.h> #include <math.h> int main(void) { double result; double x = 0.5; result = acos(x); printf("The arc cosine of %lf is %lf\n", x, result); return 0; } 函数名: allocmem 功 能: 分配DOS存储段 用 法: int allocmem(unsigned size, unsigned *seg); 程序例: #include <dos.h> #include <alloc.h> #include <stdio.h> int main(void) { unsigned int size, segp; int stat; size = 64; /* (64 x 16) = 1024 bytes */ stat = allocmem(size, &segp); if (stat == -1) printf("Allocated memory at segment: %x\n", segp); else printf("Failed: maximum number of paragraphs available is %u\n", stat); return 0; } 函数名: arc 功 能: 画一弧线 用 法: void far arc(int x, int y, int stangle, int endangle, int radius); 程序例: #include <graphics.h> #include <stdlib.h> #include <stdio.h> #include <conio.h> int main(void) { /* request auto detection */ int gdriver = DETECT, gmode, errorcode; int midx, midy; int stangle = 45, endangle = 135; int radius = 100; /* initialize graphics and local variables */ initgraph(&gdriver, &gmode, ""); /* read result of initialization */ errorcode = graphresult(); /* an error occurred */ if (errorcode != grOk) { printf("Graphics error: %s\n", grapherrormsg(errorcode)); printf("Press any key to halt:"); getch(); exit(1); /* terminate with an error code */ } midx = getmaxx() / 2; midy = getmaxy() / 2; setcolor(getmaxcolor()); /* draw arc */ arc(midx, midy, stangle, endangle, radius); /* clean up */ getch(); closegraph(); return 0; } 函数名: asctime 功 能: 转换日期和时间为ASCII码 用 法: char *asctime(const strUCt tm *tblock); 程序例: #include <stdio.h> #include <string.h> #include <time.h> int main(void) { struct tm t; char str[80]; /* sample loading of tm structure */ t.tm_sec = 1; /* Seconds */ t.tm_min = 30; /* Minutes */ t.tm_hour = 9; /* Hour */ t.tm_mday = 22; /* Day of the Month */ t.tm_mon = 11; /* Month */ t.tm_year = 56; /* Year - does not include century */ t.tm_wday = 4; /* Day of the week */ t.tm_yday = 0; /* Does not show in asctime */ t.tm_isdst = 0; /* Is Daylight SavTime; does not show in asctime */ /* converts structure to null terminated string */ strcpy(str, asctime(&t)); printf("%s\n", str); return 0; } 函数名: asin 功 能: 反正弦函数 用 法: double asin(double x); 程序例: #include <stdio.h> #include <math.h> int main(void) { double result; double x = 0.5; result = asin(x); printf("The arc sin of %lf is %lf\n", x, result); return(0); } 函数名: assert 功 能: 测试一个条件并可能使程序终止 用 法: void assert(int test); 程序例: #include <assert.h> #include <stdio.h> #include <stdlib.h> struct ITEM { int key; int value; }; /* add item to list, make sure list is not null */ void additem(struct ITEM *itemptr) { assert(itemptr != NULL); /* add item to list */ } int main(void) { additem(NULL); return 0; } 函数名: atan 功 能: 反正切函数 用 法: double atan(double x); 程序例: #include <stdio.h> #include <math.h> int main(void) { double result; double x = 0.5; result = atan(x); printf("The arc tangent of %lf is %lf\n", x, result); return(0); } 函数名: atan2 功 能: 计算Y/X的反正切值 用 法: double atan2(double y, double x); 程序例: #include <stdio.h> #include <math.h> int main(void) { double result; double x = 90.0, y = 45.0; result = atan2(y, x); printf("The arc tangent ratio of %lf is %lf\n", (y / x), result); return 0; } 函数名: atexit 功 能: 注册终止函数 用 法: int atexit(atexit_t func); 程序例: #include <stdio.h> #include <stdlib.h> void exit_fn1(void) { printf("Exit function #1 called\n"); } void exit_fn2(void) { printf("Exit function #2 called\n"); } int main(void) { /* post exit function #1 */ atexit(exit_fn1); /* post exit function #2 */ atexit(exit_fn2); return 0; } 函数名: atof 功 能: 把字符串转换成浮点数 用 法: double atof(const char *nptr); 程序例: #include <stdlib.h> #include <stdio.h> int main(void) { float f; char *str = "12345.67"; f = atof(str); printf("string = %s float = %f\n", str, f); return 0; } 函数名: atoi 功 能: 把字符串转换成长整型数 用 法: int atoi(const char *nptr); 程序例: #include <stdlib.h> #include <stdio.h> int main(void) { int n; char *str = "12345.67"; n = atoi(str); printf("string = %s integer = %d\n", str, n); return 0; } 函数名: atol 功 能: 把字符串转换成长整型数 用 法: long atol(const char *nptr); 程序例: #include <stdlib.h> #include <stdio.h> int main(void) { long l; char *str = "98765432"; l = atol(lstr); printf("string = %s integer = %ld\n", str, l); return(0); }
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